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9 Creating nanoparticles

Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen

in Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199233694
eISBN:
9780191715563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Nanomaterials are a growing area of research and this chapter discusses the creation of various nanoparticles. The examples include simple particles, core-shell particles, as well as nanotubes. The ... More


Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Julian Dodd

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This book gives a sustained defence of the simple view of the ontological nature of works of pure, instrumental music. The simple view is the conjunction of two theses: the type/token theory and ... More


Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Vivien A. Schmidt

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This book focuses on the impact of European integration on national democracies. It argues that the democratic deficit is indeed a problem, but not so much at the level of the European Union per se ... More


The Simple View

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter begins with an examination of the simple view that equality of opportunity requires open competition for advantaged social positions. It is argued that this idea is not really so simple. ... More


Rawlsian Fair Equality of Opportunity

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines Rawls' account of fair equality of opportunity. Rawls argues that fair equality of opportunity requires not only ‘careers to be open to talents’, but also that those with the ... More


Agency‐Type Public Service Bargains

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the way in which ‘agency’ bargains need to be understood in their rather specific meaning under the law of agency. It then discusses under what circumstances democratic ... More


How to Simplify Complex Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Resistance to simplifying a complex electoral system is at its least when the existing number and size of parties are not altered. The existing effective number of parties is most likely to be ... More


What Can We Expect from Electoral Laws?

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

We now expect to be able to fine-tune simple electoral laws to effect party systems and government stability positively, but we still need to be cautious. We should not expect to be able to tailor ... More


The Origins and Components of Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

When choosing an electoral system, the main tradeoff is between decisiveness of government and representation of minority views. With simple electoral systems, their average effect can be predicted. ... More


Electoral Systems—Simple and Complex

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

To allocate seats to candidates or parties, even a simple electoral system must specify at least the following: the total number of seats in the assembly (assembly size); the number of seats ... More


The Duvergerian Agenda

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Starting with the characteristics of the electoral systems, the ‘Duvergerian agenda’ aims at predicting the average seat and vote share distributions of parties, the effective number of parties, and ... More


Hume Variations

Jerry A. Fodor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199287338
eISBN:
9780191700439
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287338.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book looks to David Hume for help in advancing our understanding of the mind. The book claims his Treatise of Human Nature as the foundational document of cognitive science: it launched the ... More


Arthur Miller: Realism, Language, Poetry: Sarah Tryphena Phillips Lecture in American Literature

Christopher Bigsby

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 167, 2009 Lectures

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264775
eISBN:
9780191734984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264775.003.0016
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter presents the text of a lecture on works of American author Arthur Miller given at the British Academy's 2009 Sarah Tryphena Phillips Lecture in American Literature. This text attempts to ... More


Scrambling, Remnant Movement, and Restructuring in West Germanic

Roland Hinterhölzl

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195308211
eISBN:
9780199867318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308211.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book studies three salient phenomena of the West Germanic language group, namely scrambling, remnant movement and restructuring, and discusses their interrelatedness. It shows that scrambling ... More


The EU ‘Polity’ and the Europeanization of National Polities

Vivien A. Schmidt

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Europeanization has radically altered its member states’ governance practices, but these changes have been uneven and often go unacknowledged in national political discourse. ‘Simple’ polities like ... More


Spaces of PL Manifolds and Categories of Simple Maps (AM-186)

Friedhelm Waldhausen, Bjørn Jahren, and John Rognes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157757
eISBN:
9781400846528
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157757.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

Since its introduction by the author in the 1970s, the algebraic K-theory of spaces has been recognized as the main tool for studying parametrized phenomena in the theory of manifolds. However, a ... More


Better accuracy from simple pendulums

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter deals with simple pendulums and with several things that can be done to improve their accuracy. Most of the items have only a minor effect on accuracy, but they add up. The pendulum ... More


The game of life: A legendary cellular automaton

Iwo Białynicki-Birula and Iwona Białynicka-Birula

in Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198531005
eISBN:
9780191713033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198531005.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Game of Life is one of the simplest cellular automata. Despite its simplicity, it exhibits many stunning features. The Game of Life serves as a paradigm for modelling complicated systems with the ... More


The Making of British Socialism

Mark Bevir

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150833
eISBN:
9781400840281
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150833.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This book provides a new interpretation of the emergence of British socialism in the late nineteenth century, demonstrating that it was not a working-class movement demanding state action, but a ... More


Simple Sentences and Implicatures

Jennifer Saul

in Simple Sentences, Substitution, and Intuitions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199219155
eISBN:
9780191711848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219155.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines the prospects for explaining away anti-substitution intuitions as due to conversational implicatures. It does this by exploring existing accounts, but also by considering ... More


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