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Close Up: International Modernism's Struggle with Sound

Michael North

in Camera Works: Photography and the Twentieth-Century Word

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173567
eISBN:
9780199787906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173567.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses the opposition among modernist writers to the addition of sound to film, using as particular example the early film journal, Close Up, edited in part by the poet HD. It shows ... More


Screening the Diva

Mary Simonson

in The Arts of the Prima Donna in the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195365870
eISBN:
9780199932054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365870.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Opera, History, Western

This chapter explores the most modern medial intervention available to the prima donnas in this book: early film. It seems astonishing to learn that early twentieth-century opera singers such as Mary ... More


The Emergence of “Hillbilly,” 1900–1920

Anthony Harkins

in Hillbilly: A Cultural History of an American Icon

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189506
eISBN:
9780199788835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189506.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter follows the evolution of the word and the image of “hillbilly” from its first appearance in print in 1900 to the end of World War One. Starting as a regional label with a specific ... More


Shakespeare and Silent Film

Judith Buchanan

in The Edinburgh Companion to Shakespeare and the Arts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635238
eISBN:
9780748652297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635238.003.0026
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter asks for a reappraisal of Shakespeare in his silent film appearances. Beginning with King John, it reports that the films of the period are distinctive for encouraging moments of ... More


Confessions of a film restorer

Thomas C. Christensen

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

When restoring a film, the aim is naturally always to provide the definitive version. However, many factors make this an impossible mission. This chapter draws on actual film archival practice and ... More


Early titling on films and Pathé’s innovative and multilingual strategies in 1903

Claire Dupré La Tour

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The shift from titles on lantern slides to the practice of titling on the film itself dates to the turn of the 20th century. Early examples of preserved filmed titles are rare, but occasional ... More


‘Don’t mention the war’: The Soviet re-editing of Three Live Ghosts

Charles Barr

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Silent films were commonly adapted for foreign markets not simply by translation of intertitles but, when desired, by more radical change, both to the titles and to the whole structure and thrust of ... More


Titles and translation in the field of film restoration

Bryony Dixon

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Between the last years of the 1890s and roughly 1929 when full talkies arrived, films were generally a combination of picture and title cards, or intertitles, which began to be used in the early ... More


‘Pre’ and ‘Post’ Sound

K. J. Donnelly

in Occult Aesthetics: Synchronization in Sound Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199773497
eISBN:
9780199358816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773497.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Popular, History, Western

Most film sound is post-synchronized in one way or another, joined together in a studio rather than shot and recorded as a single event. On occasion, films can shoot to music that defines the staging ... More


Introduction

Ross Melnick

in American Showman: Samuel "Roxy" Rothafel and the Birth of the Entertainment Industry, 1908-1935

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159050
eISBN:
9780231504256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159050.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This book analyzes the career of film exhibitor and radio broadcaster, Samuel Lionel “Roxy” Rothafel (1882–1936), between the years 1908 and 1935. It shows how Roxy did not merely project motion ... More


Performance and gesture as crisis in La aldea maldita/The Cursed Village (Florián Rey, 1930)

Sarah Wright

in Performance and Spanish Film

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719097720
eISBN:
9781526121172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097720.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Through a close analysis of the 1930 version of La aldea maldita, this chapter reflects on the influences ushered in by Spain’s embrace of modernity. Touted as ‘Spain’s last silent film’ as well as ... More


1929: romantics and modernists on the cusp of sound

John Orr

in Romantics and Modernists in British Cinema

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640140
eISBN:
9780748671090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640140.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

In Britain, the silent cinema perishes in its moment of triumph. The five landmark films of the silent era came at the instant of transition to sound in 1929. They are John Grierson's Drifters, ... More


Harry Langdon: King of Silent Comedy

Gabriella Oldham and Mabel Langdon

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813169651
eISBN:
9780813169996
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169651.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Harry Langdon (1884–1944) was a silent comedian in the early days of the American film industry. Although he is often compared with other silent comedians of the era, including Charlie Chaplin, ... More


Anthony Asquith

Tom Ryall

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719064524
eISBN:
9781781703007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719064524.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This is a comprehensive critical study of Anthony Asquith. The author sets the director's work in the context of British cinema from the silent period to the 1960s, and examines the artistic and ... More


Case Studies

Peter Bosma

in Film Programming: Curating for Cinemas, Festivals, Archives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174596
eISBN:
9780231850827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174596.003.0007
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter offers two case studies of curating a film programme. The first case study focuses on curating programmes of silent films. The body of work concerned consists of films made in the period ... More


D. W. Griffith, Buster Keaton, Abel Gance, and the Precursors of Widescreen Aesthetics

Harper Cossar

in Letterboxed: The Evolution of Widescreen Cinema

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813126517
eISBN:
9780813135618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813126517.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on stylistic choices that can be read as forerunners of wide film poetics. It examines experimentation in the silent era with widescreen aesthetics by auteurs deploying certain ... More


‘Film’

in Lukácsian film theory and cinema: A study of Georg Lukács’ writings on film, 1913-71

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719078842
eISBN:
9781781701706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719078842.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses film production and explores certain principal questions of film art. It considers the relationship between film and technology and examines the aesthetic problems related to ... More


Elusive Stardom

Gabriella Oldham and Mabel Langdon

in Harry Langdon: King of Silent Comedy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813169651
eISBN:
9780813169996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169651.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter 3 highlights the demise of Langdon’s successful acting career. When Langdon began directing his own films, this led to his downfall. His work as a director received less than rave reviews ... More


Sound Montage

K. J. Donnelly

in Occult Aesthetics: Synchronization in Sound Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199773497
eISBN:
9780199358816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773497.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Popular, History, Western

Montage theory remains at the heart of filmmaking and film studies, although many of its original concerns and insights have perhaps receded from view. Sound montage, theorized with the arrival of ... More


Nullius in Verba: Acting on Silent Film

Victoria Duckett

in Seeing Sarah Bernhardt: Performance and Silent Film

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039669
eISBN:
9780252097751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039669.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter challenges the notion that Sarah Bernhardt mouthed her lines on film due to her inability to act in a fittingly naturalistic way for film, and that her famous “golden voice” is brutally ... More


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