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Racial Stigma: Toward a New Paradigm for Discrimination Theory

Glenn C. Loury

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay examines interconnections between “race” and economic inequality in the United States, focusing on the case of African Americans. It is crucially important to distinguish between racial ... More


The Properties of Terms (Proprietates Terminorum)

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Having seen the limitations of a reconstruction of Buridan’s semantics in terms of a modified quantification theory, this chapter begins engaging Buridan’s theory in its own terms, starting with a ... More


Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle

Christopher Shields

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253074
eISBN:
9780191598401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253072.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle regularly identifies philosophical and scientific concepts as homonymous; indeed, his preoccupation with homonymy influences his approach to many subjects and clearly structures his ... More


Discourse Theory and Political Analysis

David Howarth

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

An overview of contributions to the development of discourse theoretical approaches in social science from the work of Althusser, Lacan, Derrida, Foucault, Laclau, and Mouffe. Particular attention is ... More


Chapter 4: Phrases and Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle moves on to define longer utterances, distinguishing those, which possess truth‐value, from those such as prayers, which do not. Also, no single word can be an assertion, since an assertion ... More


 Signifying Race: Charles H. Long and the Opacity of Blackness

J. Kameron Carter

in Race: A Theological Account

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195152791
eISBN:
9780199870578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152791.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter interrogates religious historian Charles Long's construal of black religion and the discourse of (black) theology as these bear on Afro‐Christian faith. Central to Long's outlook, which ... More


Locke as a Social Externalist

Martin Lenz

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

What determines the meaning of linguistic expressions: the mental states of language users or external factors? John Locke is still taken to hold the simple thesis that words primarily signify the ... More


Essences and Signification: Response to Martin Lenz

Michael Ayers

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that contrary to the thesis of the previous chapter, Locke's theory of meaning, as of knowledge, is explicitly individualistic. He understands a natural language as a construction ... More


The Signature Of Life: Designing the Astrobiological Imagination

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the project of astrobiology and its object, the “signature of life,” by drawing on the work of Hillel Schwartz, particularly his writing on time in Century's End, on duplication ... More


Statements about a Norm and Quoting a Norm

Hans Kelsen

in General Theory of Norms

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252177
eISBN:
9780191681363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252177.003.0049
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

There is a possible objection to the claim that a norm has a prescriptive signification while a statement about a norm formulated in a sollen-sentence has a descriptive signification, and ... More


Lucian's On Dancing and the Models for a Discourse on Pantomime *

Karin Schlapbach

in New Directions in Ancient Pantomime

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199232536
eISBN:
9780191716003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232536.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines Lucian's On Dancing, one of the few surviving examples of a discourse offering a sustained treatment of pantomime dancing. The chapter aims to show that the use of rhetorical ... More


“Just the Facts, Ma'am”: Musical Style Change and Markedness in the Police Drama

Ron Rodman

in Tuning In: American Narrative Television Music

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195340242
eISBN:
9780199863778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340242.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Popular, History, American

Using the notion of musical style topics (Agawu 1992, Ratner 1980, and Monelle 2000), this chapter traces the evolution of musical style and its effect on meaning in the genre of the police drama. ... More


Truth, Falsity, and Unity

Richard Gaskin

in The Unity of the Proposition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239450
eISBN:
9780191716997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239450.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the question: What distinguishes a declarative sentence from a mere list of words? The tradition has always assumed that declarative sentences are semantically complex, and it ... More


Definition in Greek Philosophy

David Charles (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

Socrates' greatest philosophical contribution was to have initiated the search for definitions. In this book his views on definition are examined, together with those of his successors, including ... More


The Paradox in the Meno and Aristotle's Attempts to Resolve It

David Charles

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter analyses the paradox of enquiry in the Meno as grounded in a failure fully to separate definitional accounts of what terms signify and definitions of the basic natures of kinds or ... More


Aristotle on Essence and Defining‐Phrase in his Dialectic

Kei Chiba

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter clarifies the meaning and role of ‘to ti ên einai’ (‘the what it was to be’) and its account called ‘horos’, which is translated as ‘defining-phrase’, in Aristotle's dialectic. It ... More


Ray's Narrative Vision and Synaesthetic Appreciation of Tagore in Ghare Baire

Jayita Sengupta

in Filming Fiction: Tagore, Premchand, and Ray

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075936
eISBN:
9780199081851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075936.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Satyajit Ray's Ghare Baire (1984) is a political film that encompasses within it the seeds of 1947 partition and Ray's understanding of Rabindranath Tagore's futuristic vision of horror to ... More


“Like the Snow on the Alps”: After Nature

Carol Jacobs

in Sebald'S Vision

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171823
eISBN:
9780231540100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171823.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This is a reading of Sebald's “After Nature” with regard to the interrelation of sight and blindness, ethics, naming and identity, and signification through acts of repetition.


Introduction: The Idea of Tragedy

Gregory A. Staley

in Seneca and the Idea of Tragedy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195387438
eISBN:
9780199866809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387438.003.0000
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Both the word tragedy and the genre itself have regularly had a problem of signification. In our attempts to understand tragedy, we have turned to the philosophical tradition of criticism, which ... More


Cyberspace and Social Distinctions: Two Metaphors and a Theory

David C. Neice

in Inside the Communication Revolution: Evolving Patterns of Social and Technical Interaction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296553
eISBN:
9780191685231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296553.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Innovation

There are two different types of experiences and interactions that can be encountered in cyberspace. The first is shown in the form of social metaphors about cyberspace that focus on folk theories ... More


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