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Elementary Signal Detection Theory

Thomas D. Wickens

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195092509
eISBN:
9780199893812
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092509.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Signal detection theory describes how an observer makes decisions about weak, uncertain, or ambiguous events or signals. It is widely applied in psychology, medicine, and other related fields. This ... More


Dividends and Dividend Policy

H. Kent Baker, J. Clay Singleton, and E. Theodore Veit

in Survey Research in Corporate Finance: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195340372
eISBN:
9780199894215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340372.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Although corporate payout policy is one of the most researched areas in the finance literature, the question of why firms pay dividends and investors want them remains one of the important unsolved ... More


Extrinsic Uncertainty and Summation Revisited

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers the uncertainty arising from sources extrinsic to the observer, in particular from the observer's ignorance on any given trial as to which of several alternative stimuli will ... More


Sense Experience

Mohan Matthen

in Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199268504
eISBN:
9780191602283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268509.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the role and character of sensory experience. Sensory classification can lead to action by means of direct manipulation of the effector system; when this is so, the output of ... More


Discrimination

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter describes identification experiments where an observer is asked to identify which of several nonblank stimuli has been presented. Only identification experiments using stimulus ... More


Fechner's Law—the normal model

Donald Laming

in The Measurement of Sensation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523420
eISBN:
9780191712425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523420.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The normal, equal variance model of signal detection theory, expressed with respect to log stimulus magnitude as metric, provides an account of discriminations between two separate stimulus ... More


Intrinsic Uncertainty and Transducer Functions

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Intrinsic uncertainty arises from sources intrinsic to the observer, in particular from the observer's inability to attend to only the relevant information (attention limitations) and inability to ... More


Visual Pattern Analyzers

Norma Van Surdam Graham

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

From the light that falls on the retina, the visual system must extract meaningful information about what is where in our environment. At an early stage in this process, it analyzes the incoming ... More


Thresholds for Action in Judicial Decisions

Len Dalgleish, James Shanteau, and April Park

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Many decisions that people are called on to make can be thought of as involving thresholds for action. In each case, we can understand the decision maker to be answering two questions: (1) How strong ... More


Three More Paradigms and Transducer Functions

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter continues Chapter 9's description of identification experiments by describing three more paradigms: simple detection and identification; the 2x2 paradigm; and concurrent identification. ... More


Neurobiology of Decision Making: An Intentional Framework

Michael N. Shadlen, Roozbeh Kiani, Timothy D. Hanks, and Anne K. Churchland

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The aim of statistical decision theories is to understand how evidence, prior knowledge, and values lead an organism to commit to one of a number of alternatives. Two main statistical decision ... More


A Signal Detection Analysis of the Recognition Heuristic

Timothy J. Pleskac

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

The recognition heuristic uses a recognition decision to make an inference about an unknown variable in the world. Theories of recognition memory typically use a signal detection framework to predict ... More


Models for Far-Apart Values

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Summation experiments using patterns that are far apart along any dimension (e.g., two lines of very different orientations) can answer the question of whether there are multiple analyzers along that ... More


Animal Communication

Richard Mcelreath and Robert Boyd

in Mathematical Models of Social Evolution: A Guide for the Perplexed

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226558264
eISBN:
9780226558288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226558288.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The basic premise of game theory is that social life is like a giant game. If this is true, it is also true that life is less like chess and more like poker. In games like chess, information is ... More


Sensitivity and Signal-Detection Theory

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

in Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter treats the measurement of visual sensitivity, or how we detect threshold or near-threshold stimuli. It begins with a brief review of the classical methods of measuring thresholds. It ... More


Article II Treaties and Signaling Theory

Curtis A. Bradley

in The Restatement and Beyond: The Past, Present, and Future of U.S. Foreign Relations Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197533154
eISBN:
9780197534007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197533154.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Comparative Law

This chapter focuses on the treaty-making process set forth in Article II of the U.S. Constitution, which requires that presidents obtain the advice and consent of two-thirds of the Senate. Some ... More


Weber's Law

Donald Laming

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is all about changes and developments related to the Weber's Law during the past fifty years. Two ideas have transformed our understanding of sensory discrimination and of sensation ... More


Behavioral perspectives

John Child, David Faulkner, Stephen Tallman, and Linda Hsieh

in Cooperative Strategy: Managing Alliances and Networks

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198814634
eISBN:
9780191852374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814634.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Chapter 4 presents behavioral perspectives relevant to cooperative strategy. These perspectives are relational signaling theory, attention-based view, justice theory, and sociological views (social ... More


Signal evolution and the social brain

Camilla Power

in The Social Origins of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199665327
eISBN:
9780191779725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665327.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Signal evolution theory addresses honesty, manipulation, mind-reading, and shared versus conflicting interests. Animal signals are investments demonstrating intrinsic quality. Against this ... More


Theorizing Political Responsiveness in Prosecutorial Decision-Making

Christina L. Boyd, Michael J. Nelson, Ian Ostrander, and Ethan D. Boldt

in The Politics of Federal Prosecution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197554685
eISBN:
9780197554715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197554685.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter details our theory for why we should expect the priorities and preferences of the president, Congress, and a U.S. Attorney’s local public to affect prosecutorial behavior. We argue that ... More


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