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Nuclear Deterrence and Reliance on Harm

F. M. Kamm

in The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199897520
eISBN:
9780199950249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897520.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter studies one aspect of the concept of “cold war”, particularly the issues raised by Michael Walzer and Paul Ramsey about whether it is allowable to rely on the possibility of harm to ... More


‘Direct’ and ‘Indirect’ in Action

John Finnis

in Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter provides a fundamental examination of the reality of intention, and of its distinction from knowing causing of side effects. Many hypothetical but realistic cases are considered, along ... More


Intention and Side Effects

John Finnis

in Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

With a focus on English criminal law, particularly in terms of murder, as expounded at the highest level in recent decades, this chapter distinguishes in detail between intention and desire, and ... More


Why Distinguish Intention from Foresight?

A. P. Simester

in Harm and Culpability

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260578
eISBN:
9780191682124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260578.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Philosophers conventionally distinguish between intentional actions and actions which are merely foreseen. The criminal law endorses that distinction, and applies a condition of unreasonableness ... More


Euthanasia and Justice

John Finnis

in Human Rights and Common Good: Collected Essays Volume III

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580071
eISBN:
9780191729393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580071.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter brings together the three phases of a rolling debate with John Harris about the justifiability of euthanasia. The senses of ‘euthanasia’ are carefully distinguished; the defining ... More


Vaccines and Your Child: Separating Fact from Fiction

Paul Offit and Charlotte Moser

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153072
eISBN:
9780231526715
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book answers questions about the science and safety of modern vaccines. In straightforward prose, it explains how vaccines work, how they are made, and how they are tested. Most important, it ... More


Dignity

Alphonso Lingis

in Irrevocable: A Philosophy of Mortality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226556765
eISBN:
9780226557090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557090.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is especially during the ordeal of dying that we speak of dignity and honor it. Because she knows her time to die has come, because she knows she is dying and awaits what cannot be foreseen or ... More


Intention, Permissibility, and Double Effect 1

William J. FitzPatrick

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to typical formulations of the doctrine of double effect (DDE), it is sometimes permissible to bring about as a foreseen but unintended side-effect some harm it would have been ... More


Intention in Tort Law

John Finnis

in Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

What is intention? Why is it morally significant? Why and how is intent to harm a per se wrong-making factor in any conduct? The answers depend on distinguishing intent from desire, behaviour from ... More


Exercise

Margaret L Mcneely and Kerry S Courneya

in Enhancing Cancer Care: Complementary therapy and support

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199297559
eISBN:
9780191730023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297559.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Increasing attention has been directed towards survivorship issues for individuals diagnosed with cancer. Preliminary research has shown that appropriately prescribed exercise training programs are ... More


Epilepsy and Memory

Adam Zeman, Narinder Kapur, and Marilyn Jones-Gotman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Epilepsy is one of the most common disorders of the brain, and these patients often suffer from memory problems. There are a number of reasons for this: seizures can directly affect the brain in ways ... More


Norms Inform Mental State Ascriptions: A Rational Explanation for the Side-Effect Effect

Kevin Uttich and Tania Lombrozo

in Experimental Philosophy: Volume 2

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199927418
eISBN:
9780190267698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199927418.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains how norms influence mental state ascriptions by examining the relationship between prescriptive norms (moral and conventional) and ascriptions of intentional action. According ... More


Allocating Risks and Suffering: Some Hidden Traps

John Finnis

in Philosophy of Law: Collected Essays Volume IV

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580088
eISBN:
9780191729409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580088.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter begins by examining some basics in Adam Smith's conception of economics, and then tells the story of the evolution of the law about mantraps in the 1820s in England and later in the ... More


Medication

Rachel Miller and Susan E. Mason

in Diagnosis: Schizophrenia, Second Edition, second edition: A Comprehensive Resource for Consumers, Families, and Helping Professionals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150415
eISBN:
9780231521024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150415.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the different kinds of medications available to a patient with schizophrenia, as well as their common side effects. Antipsychotic medications have been available since the ... More


Treatment: where are we going?

Albrecht Ziegler

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter deals with problems that lie on the borderline between the pathophysiology, the pharmacotherapy, and the pharmacology of migraine. Our hopes must centre on this border, because an ... More


Medicines Used to Treat Psychosis

Michael T Compton and Beth Broussard

in The First Episode of Psychosis: A Guide for Patients and Their Families

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372496
eISBN:
9780197562659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195372496.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Mental health professionals treat nearly all psychiatric illnesses using two types of treatments: medicines and psychosocial treatments. This is true for psychosis as well. We describe medicines ... More


Pandemic flus and vaccination policies in Sweden

Britta Lundgren and Martin Holmberg

in The Politics of Vaccination: A Global History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526110886
eISBN:
9781526124272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526110886.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During 2010 an increasing incidence of narcolepsy in children and adolescents was reported in Sweden and Finland, associated with the pandemic vaccine Pandemrix. Vaccination has since the 1940s been ... More


Coping with Other Symptoms and Side Effects

Rachel Miller and Susan E. Mason

in Diagnosis: Schizophrenia, Second Edition, second edition: A Comprehensive Resource for Consumers, Families, and Helping Professionals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150415
eISBN:
9780231521024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150415.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses some coping strategies for symptoms and side effects of schizophrenia outside of those discussed in the previous chapter. Common symptoms include anxiety, problems with ... More


The Moral Status of an Action Influences its Perceived Intentional Status in Adolescents with Psychopathic Traits*

Elise M. Cardinale, Elizabeth C. Finger, Julia C. Schechter, Ilana T.N. Jurkowitz, R.J.R. Blair, and Abigail A. Marsh

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy: Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718765
eISBN:
9780191803123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718765.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral judgments about an action are influenced by the action’s intentionality. The reverse is also true: judgments of intentionality can be influenced by an action’s moral valence. For example, ... More


Economics, Justice, and the Value of Life

John Finnis

in Human Rights and Common Good: Collected Essays Volume III

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580071
eISBN:
9780191729393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580071.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

An Economic Analysis of Law, as expounded by Posner, cannot provide moral criteria. Though economics usefully identifies side effects, economic reasoning is defeated by the incommensurables involved ... More


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