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Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

David W. DeLong

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This book shows how the cost of losing human knowledge in a technology-intensive world seriously affects organizational success. It explains what leaders must do to retain critical know-how as ... More


Kelvin and the Development of Science in Meiji Japan

Colin Latimer

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The modern era in Japan is normally considered as beginning in 1868 when the feudal age, or Edo era, finally ended. The Emperor Meiji declared the restoration of Imperial rule in January 1868 (the ... More


The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

John Landers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

This book offers a new approach to the pre-industrial past in Europe and the Mediterranean basin from the Roman Republic to the fall of Napoleon. It takes as its starting point E. A. Wrigley’s ... More


The Cost of War: Mortality and Population Loss

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0014
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

War imposed economic costs through the destruction of resources and their diversion to non-productive ends, and demographic costs in the form of relative or absolute population losses due to forced ... More


Introduction

Richard Finn Op

in Almsgiving in the Later Roman Empire: Christian Promotion and Practice 313-450

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283606
eISBN:
9780191712692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283606.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This introductory chapter sets the scene by describing first the urban churches of the late empire, their likely size, income and other wealth, and geographical spread. It examines the diverse forms ... More


Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Richard A. Schoenherr and David Yamane

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

A single unavoidable fact looms large in the future of Catholicism – in the last half‐century the number of priests has plummeted by 40% while the number of Catholics has increased by 65%. The ... More


The Collapse of Celibate Exclusivity

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter contends that we are witnessing the collapse of celibate exclusivity in the Roman Catholic priesthood. Mandatory celibacy has already been identified as the major cause of decline in the ... More


Gender and Housing in Soviet Russia: Private Life in a Public Space

Lynne Attwood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081453
eISBN:
9781781701768
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081453.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

An acute housing shortage was one of the defining features of Soviet life. This book explores the housing problem throughout the 70 years of Soviet history, looking at changing political ideology on ... More


Celibate Exclusivity Is the Issue

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter argues that celibate exclusivity of the priesthood is the issue at the root of the malaise in the Catholic Church in America. Its symptom is priest shortage, and the issue ... More


Compulsory Celibacy and the Priest Shortage

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Since the priest shortage in the Catholic Church is the core of the theoretical model of social change in organized religion presented in Part II of the book, this chapter summarizes the major ... More


Forces for Change in Catholic Ministry

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines seven historical trends related to the Catholic Church that have been gaining strength over the latter half of the twentieth century. Each trend comprises two countervailing ... More


Unity and Diversity

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The first trend in the matrix of social forces affecting the Catholic Church is the decline in the priest population combined with growth in church membership, and this dual force bears a catalytic ... More


Hierarchy and Hierophany

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter continues the discussion begun in the last two, in examining trends six and seven of the seven trends in the matrix of social forces affecting the Catholic Church. These belong to the ... More


Chapter Chapter Strategies to Retain Older Workers

Janemarie Mulvey and Steven Nyce

in Reinventing the Retirement Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284603
eISBN:
9780191603013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284601.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter begins by outlining the economic and demographic realities facing employers, and spells out how these change the ‘retirement promise’. The effects of several factors on older workers' ... More


The British Army of the Rhine and the Nuclear Battlefield

David French

in Army, Empire, and Cold War: The British Army and Military Policy, 1945-1971

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199548231
eISBN:
9780191739224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548231.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

By the late 1960s BAOR had developed a twin‐track war fighting doctrine. On the one hand it showed how tactical nuclear weapons could be employed from the outset of a crisis. But on the other hand, ... More


Discipline and Loss of Morale

Matthews James

in Reluctant Warriors: Republican Popular Army and Nationalist Army Conscripts in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655748
eISBN:
9780199949953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655748.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines both sides’ ability to maintain discipline within their respective armies and also how swiftly morale deteriorated during a protracted conflict, particularly when basic living ... More


The Objective of Catching Up

Włodzimierz Brus and Kazimierz Laski

in From Marx to the Market: Socialism in Search of an Economic System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283997
eISBN:
9780191596032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283997.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

As the countries of ‘real socialism’ started their transition to socialism under conditions of immaturity in orthodox Marxist (and Schumpeterian) terms, the overriding objective of their revolution ... More


The Hungarian Practice

Włodzimierz Brus and Kazimierz Laski

in From Marx to the Market: Socialism in Search of an Economic System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283997
eISBN:
9780191596032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283997.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The first practical application of the idea of market socialism (but not necessarily along Lange's model) was made in early 1950s in Yugoslavia after the break with the Soviet Union, and in ... More


A Personal Postscript

János Kornai

in Dynamism, Rivalry, and the Surplus Economy: Two Essays on the Nature of Capitalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199334766
eISBN:
9780199369416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334766.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter presents some final thoughts. It states that most people in the postsocialist region share an impression of the changes which have occurred on the market. Where professional economists ... More


Employment and Wages

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

A survey is made of the allocation of labour under classical socialism. This looks at the characteristics of labour allocation in the short and long term, and the behaviour of those taking part in ... More


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