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Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232703
eISBN:
9780191724046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232703.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book presents a unified approach to understanding memory, attention, and decision-making. It shows how these fundamental functions for cognitive neuroscience can be understood in a common and ... More


Memory activation and attentional focusing

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

There have been wide-spread disagreements about the nature of short-term memory. What distinguishes it from long-term memory? Is the information in short-term memory forgotten as a function of time ... More


Introduction: modeling memory and attention

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This historical chapter examines the fundamental relation between memory and attention. Information that is temporarily in or near conscious awareness is in the focus of attention, so attention and ... More


Visual Short-term Memory

Steven J. Luck

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses visual short-term memory (VSTM) system. It compares VSTM system with visual long-term memory system. It then discusses the measurement of VSTM, the storage capacity of VSTM, ... More


The Retrieval and Manipulation of Visual Memories: Evidence from Neuropsychology

M. Jane Riddoch and Glyn W. Humphreys

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses neuropsychological disorders of visual short-term memory (VSTM) and the importance of these disorders for theories of VSTM. It emphasizes the role of VSTM not only in ... More


Visual Memory for Natural Scenes

Andrew Hollingworth

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews research examining visual memory for complex, natural environments. It is divided into two main sections. The first concerns the use of visual memory to construct online ... More


Top-down Biases in Visual Short-term Memory

Mark G Stokes and Anna C Nobre

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The ability to hold visual information in mind beyond the duration of the initial sensory stimulation critically underpins many higher-level cognitive functions. In particular, visual short-term ... More


Visual Memory Systems

Andrew Hollingworth and Steven J. Luck

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the various visual memory systems that are discussed in this book, focusing on the nature of the representations used by these systems, their temporal dynamics, their neutral ... More


Working Memory and the Prefrontal Cortex

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Working memory is an elaboration short term memory, the capacity to hold items briefly in consciousness and then repeat or identify them, and involves the important addition of mental “work”, that ... More


Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Nelson Cowan

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For decades, the fundamental processes underlying memory and attention have been understood within an “information processing” framework in which information passes from one processing stage to ... More


Memory

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In everyday parlance, memory is understood to be the ability to remember the mental traces of experience, of past events, and learned facts. This common view of memory is essentially based on the ... More


Concluding observations, with steps toward neuroscience

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter emphasizes a level of analysis at which subdivisions are avoided until shown to be fundamental. It helps especially in investigations of short-term memory, selective attention, and the ... More


Visual Memory

Steven J. Luck and Andrew Hollingworth (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Vision and memory are two of the most intensively studied topics in psychology and neuroscience, and the intersection between them — visual memory — is emerging as a fertile ground for research. ... More


Categorization and recognition

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter broadens the scope of theory developed in Chapters 1-6 to include many of the phenomena traditionally treated in memory research and theory. It begins with what is believed to be the ... More


Animal Models of Amnesia: The Nonhuman Primate

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Studies using animals provide unique insights into the role of the hippocampus in memory not possible through studies on humans. Efforts to model amnesia in non-human primates have shown that ... More


Visual Memory

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Visual sensory memory lasts for the duration of the response in the retina. Visual short-term memory may comprise up to 10 objects during the first second, and drops to 4 after that. Only a few items ... More


Outputs of visual processing

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines the outputs of the ventral visual processing stream, from the inferior temporal visual cortical areas in particular. It explains that neuronal outputs provide a distributed ... More


Implications from cognitive neuropsychology for models of short-term and working memory

Randi C. Martin and A. Cris Hamilton

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter points to a feature of serial recall that is less commonly considered, namely that recall is better for real words than it is for nonwords, letters or digits. Performance is even better ... More


Amnesia and the Hippocampal Memory System

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Studies on the amnesic patient H.M. began the modern era of the cognitive neuroscience of memory. These studies, and other case studies, showed that damage limited to the hippocampal region results ... More


Memory disorders

Sandra Lehmann and Armin Schnider

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Memory is composed of multiple dissociable systems, varying according to the length of retention interval, level of consciousness, and modality of information to be learned. Memory systems are ... More


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