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 Possessors of the Command

Shafique N. Virani

in The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, a Search for Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195311730
eISBN:
9780199785490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311730.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In Shi'i Islam, the Imams are considered to be the Possessors of the Command (ulu al-amr), and are the purveyors of divine authority in the world. The chapter speaks of the Ismaili Imams, Islamshah ... More


“Securing” Islam in a Time of Turbulence

Joseph Chinyong Liow

in Piety and Politics: Islamism in Contemporary Malaysia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195377088
eISBN:
9780199869527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377088.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explores expressions of Muslim militancy and extremism as they have emerged in Malaysia. While small in numbers and increasingly enervated as an ideology, militant extremism is ... More


After Civil War: Bosnia and Herzegovina, El Salvador, and Lebanon

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at the army building in three very different political environments: the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Lebanese civil war (1975–90), and the civil war in El Salvador ... More


Inclusion and Stability in a Populist Autocracy

Sean L. Yom

in From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231175647
eISBN:
9780231540278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175647.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter traces the institutional consequences of Kuwait’s coalitional strategy upon national development, revealing how new economic and political institutions after the 1950s kept the Sabah ... More


Shi'a Minorities in the Contemporary World: Migration, Transnationalism and Multilocality

Oliver Scharbrodt and Yafa Shanneik (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474430371
eISBN:
9781474464895
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430371.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Global migration flows in the 20th century have seen the emergence of Muslim diaspora and minority communities in Europe, North America and other parts of the world. While there is a growing body of ... More


‘Still We Long for Zaynab’: South Asian Shi‘ites and Transnational Homelands under Attack

Noor Zehra Zaidi

in Shi'a Minorities in the Contemporary World: Migration, Transnationalism and Multilocality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474430371
eISBN:
9781474464895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430371.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The chapter explores the role that pilgrimages to the shrines of the Shi’a Imams and other members of the ahl al-bayt play in maintaining transnational and symbolic links to global Shi’ism. The fall ... More


Blasphemy and Apostasy in Islam: Debates on Shi'a Jurisprudence

Mohsen Kadivar

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474457576
eISBN:
9781474495394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474457576.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Is it lawful to shed the blood of a man or a woman who insults the Prophet Muhammad? Does the Qur’an stipulate a worldly punishment for apostates? Beginning with a genealogy of religious freedom in ... More


The Rise and Decline of Environmentalism in Lebanon

Karim Makdisi

in Water on Sand: Environmental Histories of the Middle East and North Africa

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199768677
eISBN:
9780199979608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199768677.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explores the evolution of environmentalism in Lebanon in the period since its independence in 1943. It contends that two main strands of environmentalism, challenging various aspects of ... More


Understanding 'Sectarianism': Sunni-Shi'a Relations in the Modern Arab World

Fanar Haddad

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197510629
eISBN:
9780197536155
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510629.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

‘Sectarianism’ is one of the most over-discussed yet under-analysed concepts in debates about the Middle East. Despite the deluge of commentary, there is no agreement on what ‘sectarianism’ is. Is it ... More


Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings

Frederic Wehrey

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165129
eISBN:
9780231536103
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165129.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Beginning with the 2003 invasion of Iraq and concluding with the aftermath of the 2011 Arab uprisings, this book investigates the roots of the Shi'a–Sunni divide now dominating the Persian Gulf's ... More


Nothing Left to Lose: Women in Prison

Lizette Potgieter

in Land of the Unconquerable: The Lives of Contemporary Afghan Women

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520261853
eISBN:
9780520948990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261853.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter shows that the Shi'a Family Law formalizes many injustices to which women are persistently subjected and for which they are imprisoned. All women prisoners were moved from the notorious ... More


‘My Homeland is Husayn’: Transnationalism and Multilocality in Shi‘a Contexts

Oliver Scharbrodt and Yafa Shanneik

in Shi'a Minorities in the Contemporary World: Migration, Transnationalism and Multilocality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474430371
eISBN:
9781474464895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430371.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The introduction frames the edited volume both thematically and theoretically and provides an extensive discussion of key issues addressed in the book. In the beginning, the focus of the book, ... More


Performing Shi‘ism between Java and Qom: Education and Rituals

Chiara Formichi

in Shi'a Minorities in the Contemporary World: Migration, Transnationalism and Multilocality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474430371
eISBN:
9781474464895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430371.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter is the only one in this volume not focusing on Shi’a minorities in a non-Muslim context, by investigating Twelver Shi’ites in Indonesia. The chapter discusses the role that transnational ... More


Mi corazón Late Husayn: Identity, Politics and Religion in a Shi‘a Community in Buenos Aires1

Mari-Sol García Somoza and Mayra Soledad Valcarcel

in Shi'a Minorities in the Contemporary World: Migration, Transnationalism and Multilocality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474430371
eISBN:
9781474464895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430371.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Shi’a communities in South America are entirely understudied. Therefore, this chapter on Twelver Shi’a communities in Buenos Aires constitutes an important contribution to mapping Shi’a minorities ... More


Living Najaf in London: Diaspora, Identity and the Sectarianisation of the Iraqi-Shi‘a Subject

Emanuelle Degli Esposti

in Shi'a Minorities in the Contemporary World: Migration, Transnationalism and Multilocality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474430371
eISBN:
9781474464895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430371.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The important and influential Iraqi Shi’a diaspora in London is the focus of this chapter. From the early 1980s, London emerged as one of the major centres of Iraqi Shi’a diasporic politics. The ... More


Ideas in Motion: The Transmission of Shi‘a Knowledge in Sri Lanka

Arun Rasiah

in Shi'a Minorities in the Contemporary World: Migration, Transnationalism and Multilocality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474430371
eISBN:
9781474464895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430371.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The formation and situation of the Twelver Shi’a community within the Muslim minority of Sri Lanka is discussed in this chapter. Being a minority within an already precarious minority in the country ... More


Limits of Sectarianism: Shi‘ism and Ahl Al-Bayt Islam among Turkish Migrant Communities in Germany

Benjamin Weineck

in Shi'a Minorities in the Contemporary World: Migration, Transnationalism and Multilocality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474430371
eISBN:
9781474464895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430371.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

A good example of the porosity of sectarian boundaries is provided in this chapter on Turkish migrants in Germany of Shi’a backgrounds. While the Shi’a religious field in Germany is fairly small and ... More


Shi‘a Cosmopolitanisms and Conversions

Mara A. Leichtman

in Shi'a Minorities in the Contemporary World: Migration, Transnationalism and Multilocality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474430371
eISBN:
9781474464895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430371.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

To conclude the volume, the epilogue provides a final discussion of all contributions, focussing on the themes of cosmopolitanism and conversion and bringing in a perspective from the African context ... More


Founding Mothers, Speaking Sisters: Lineaments of Community in History

Marilyn Booth

in Classes of Ladies of Cloistered Spaces: Writing Feminist History through Biography in Fin-de-siecle Eypt

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780748694860
eISBN:
9781474408639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694860.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on Fawwaz’s portraits of early Muslim women, especially those of ahl al-bayt, the Prophet Muhammad’s family and lineage. It highlights her presentations of Alid and early Shi’i ... More


Gender, Sainthood, & Everyday Practice in South Asian Shiʿism

Karen G. Ruffle

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834756
eISBN:
9781469602981
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877975_ruffle
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This study of devotional hagiographical texts and contemporary ritual performances of the Shi'a of Hyderabad, India demonstrates how traditions of sainthood and localized cultural values shape gender ... More


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