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Political Theory

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Hume's political theory. Topics covered include power, social order, government, justificatory theories of the state, contractarianism, public-goods theories, shared-value ... More


Shared Valuing and Frameworks for Practical Reasoning

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Intentions, plans, and policies provide background frameworks that structure deliberation and practical reasoning. These background frameworks have a characteristic stability over time. They shape ... More


Japanese Self-Absorption

Robert R. Locke

in The Collapse of the American Management Mystique

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198774068
eISBN:
9780191695339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198774068.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter focuses on the Japanese managerial challenge. It shows that the generations that experienced post-war occupation and reconstruction (1945–60) and the era of high growth-industrialization ... More


Inclusive Economies

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter contrasts two alternative philosophies that can provide the context for capitalism to exist. On the one end, the New Right holds that the most important social institution is private ... More


Female Culture

Sara Mendelson and Patricia Crawford

in Women in Early Modern England 1550–1720

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201243
eISBN:
9780191674846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201243.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter deals with women's culture, a subject largely ignored by male contemporaries. While some scholars objected to the idea of separate female culture, dismissing it as a celebratory phase of ... More


Shared Values, Social Unity, and Liberty

Margaret Gilbert

in Joint Commitment: How We Make the Social World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199970148
eISBN:
9780199369898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970148.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

In political philosophy “shared values” are often seen as productive of social unity. This essay assesses that perception. It considers three accounts of shared values, starting with the summative ... More


Creating a Constitution: Law, Democracy, and Growth in Ancient Athens

Federica Carugati

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691195636
eISBN:
9780691198712
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195636.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

We live in an era of constitution-making. More than half of the world's constitutions have been drafted in the past half-century. Yet, one question still eludes theorists and practitioners alike: how ... More


The impact of the co-operative ethos on the creation of shared value: a case study of Lincolnshire Co-operative Society

Phil Considine and Martin Hingley

in Mainstreaming Co-Operation: An Alternative for the Twenty-First Century?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719099595
eISBN:
9781526120731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099595.003.0015
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter examines the ways that a co-operative creates shared value for the community that it serves and works to define the concept of ‘Co-operative Advantage’ in a context where competitive ... More


The uncertain business of raising citizens

Esther Muddiman, Sally Power, and Chris Taylor

in Civil Society and the Family

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781447355526
eISBN:
9781447355571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447355526.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter evaluates all of those factors that might complicate the straightforward sharing of values and practices between different family members. The family is widely regarded as a socialising ... More


Making Up Our Mind: What School Choice Is Really About

Sigal R. Ben-Porath and Michael C. Johanek

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226619460
eISBN:
9780226619774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226619774.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Philosophy and Theory of Education

If free market advocates had total control over education policy, would the shared public system of education collapse? Or would school choice revitalize schooling with its innovative force? In ... More


A Twenty-First-Century War on Poverty

Giselle Aris

in Fourteen Points for the Twenty-First Century: A Renewed Appeal for Cooperative Internationalism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179001
eISBN:
9780813179018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179001.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Using Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points as a foundation, this chapter highlights poverty and wealth inequality to illustrate the problems inherent in uneven economic advancement. Governmental ... More


Reconciling Corporate Social Responsibility and Profitability: Guidelines for the Conscientious Manager

Paul Brest

in Philanthropy in Democratic Societies: History, Institutions, Values

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226335506
eISBN:
9780226335780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226335780.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The chapter first reviews the legal and economic background of corporate social responsibility (CSR), beginning with an essay by Milton Friedman that highlights the tensions between corporate ... More


Us Propaganda

Nancy Snow

in American Thought and Culture in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748626014
eISBN:
9780748670673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626014.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter examines official rhetoric in the wake of 9/11, noting the influence of commercially-driven marketing and public relations techniques on government operations, as well as the apparent ... More


Open Innovation Results in Smart Cities and Smart Villages

Henry Chesbrough

in Open Innovation Results: Going Beyond the Hype and Getting Down to Business

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198841906
eISBN:
9780191878008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841906.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The dimensions of generation, dissemination, and absorption apply in the public and social sectors, as well as in the private sector. Smart Cities initiatives have generated a lot of possibilities, ... More


A Normative Approach to Welfare Attitudes

Christian Staerklé, Tiina Likki, and Régis Scheidegger (eds)

in Contested Welfare States: Welfare Attitudes in Europe and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804782524
eISBN:
9780804783170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804782524.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter focuses on how normative beliefs—understood as socially shared values, perceptions, and expectations about social order—shape welfare attitudes. It distinguishes among four basic ... More


Building the Community

Marilyn Watson

in Learning to Trust: Attachment Theory and Classroom Management

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190867263
eISBN:
9780190867294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867263.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Laura used a variety of activities to help her students see themselves as part of a caring community from which they drew benefits and to which they had responsibilities. She engaged them in setting ... More


The Philosopher—Nick Bostrom on the Morality of Enhancement

Nicholas Agar

in Humanity's End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014625
eISBN:
9780262289122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014625.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The main critical focus in this chapter will be Bostrom’s claim that human values are tacitly posthuman. Bostrom defends radical enhancement from two perspectives. First, he claims that many ... More


Cultural education and the good citizen: a systematic analysis of a neoliberal communitarian policy trend

Katherine Tonkiss, Malgorzata Wootton, and Eleni Stamou

in Social Policy Review 32: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2020

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781447341666
eISBN:
9781447355618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447341666.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter assesses the articulation of notions of ‘good citizenship’ in the conceptualisation and operationalisation of policies targeting the cultural literacy of young people in the UK over the ... More


The Exponential Paradox

Henry Chesbrough

in Open Innovation Results: Going Beyond the Hype and Getting Down to Business

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198841906
eISBN:
9780191878008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841906.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Technology is advancing at an accelerating rate. Yet the rate of economic productivity growth is slowing down. This is the Exponential Paradox. It is not enough for technology to advance; in order to ... More


So whose health is it? Time to value total health

Davies and

in Whose Health Is It, Anyway?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198863458
eISBN:
9780191895890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863458.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter reviews some of the key issues around total health and describes a multi-pronged approach that starts from a true understanding of the value of health to individuals and to society. We ... More


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