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Shared treatment decision-making and the use of decision-aids

Cathy Charles and Amiram Gafni

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Over the past fifteen years or so, shared decision-making, a specific approach to making decisions in the medical encounter, has received considerable conceptual and practical attention among ... More


Clinician perspectives on shared decision-making

Martin HN Tattersall

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0029
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Shared decision-making (SDM) between physician and patient is now widely considered to be a desirable goal in many healthcare contexts. However, little is known about current SDM practice in cancer ... More


Do Patients Want Shared Decision Making and How Is This Measured?

Martin Härter and Daniela Simon

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Shared decision making is an approach where clinicians and patients communicate together using the best available evidence when faced with the task of making decisions. The chapter presents an ... More


The ethics of communication in cancer and palliative care

Laura A Siminoff

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

There are two approaches to cancer communication and ethics. First, ethics in cancer communication can refer to the ethical implications of cancer communication. Second, it can refer to the ethics of ... More


Reengineering Medical Education

David A. Davis

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

In the United States, health care reform calls for a realignment of physician roles to include (a) teamwork and interdisciplinary collaborative care, (b) continuing education and lifelong learning, ... More


Reducing Unwarranted Variation in Clinical Practice by Supporting Clinicians and Patients in Decision Making

Albert G. Mulley and John E. Wennberg

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Variation in clinical practice in seemingly similar populations of patients has been described for more than seventy years. International collaboration to increase understanding of the sources of ... More


Conceptual, Historical, and Ideological Underpinnings of Supported Employment

Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

in A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195131215
eISBN:
9780199863808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Supported employment was developed during the advent of the consumer and family movements and more positive treatment approaches. The consumer movement pushed for a stronger voice in shaping service ... More


Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Glyn Elwyn, Adrian Edwards, and Rachel Thompson (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the past decade, the relationship between patient choice and clinical decision making has been seen as increasingly significant by healthcare systems around the globe. This 3rd edition of Shared ... More


The Drug Facts Box: Making Informed Decisions about Prescription Drugs Possible

Lisa M. Schwartz and Steven Woloshin

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The idea that people should be able to participate meaningfully in personal medical decisions is so widely accepted that it is hard to believe that things were ever otherwise. The idea that doctors ... More


The patient—carer relationship

Fiona Randall and R.S. Downie

in Palliative Care Ethics: A Companion for All Specialties

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192630681
eISBN:
9780191730078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630681.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

All palliative care is ultimately delivered through the common pathway of the patient–carer relationship. Therefore, the success of such care is dependent on the nature of that relationship, which ... More


Broad versus narrow shared decision making: Patients’ involvement in real world contexts

Vikki A. Entwistle and Ian S. Watt

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Ideas about ‘patient involvement in decision making’ and ‘shared decision making’ (SDM) have developed significantly in recent years as practices associated with these concepts have been promoted and ... More


Patient-reported measures of shared decision making

Paul J. Barr, Isabelle Scholl, and Debra de Silva

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

‘Patient-reported measures’ collect information about service users’ experiences of health care, including their experiences of decision making processes. Patients are well placed to say whether they ... More


Understanding and using health experiences: the policy landscape

Bob Gann

in Understanding and Using Health Experiences: Improving patient care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199665372
eISBN:
9780191748585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665372.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Listening to the voice of patients is central to health policy. The Health and Social Care Act 2012 includes a commitment to the quality of experience undergone by patients, with a duty to involve ... More


The three talk model of shared decision making

Glyn Elwyn

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In this chapter, three key steps of shared decision making (SDM) for clinical practice are described, namely: team talk, option talk and decision talk, where the clinician supports deliberation ... More


Implementing shared decision making: A systematic review

France Légaré, Isabelle Scholl, Dawn Stacey, and Stéphane Turcotte

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Shared decision making (SDM) is not yet a reality in most clinical practices. A recently updated Cochrane review of the effectiveness of interventions to implement SDM in clinical practices found 39 ... More


Enhancing cancer patients' participation in medical consultations

Donald J Cegala and Dana Eisenberg

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Over the last thirty years of research in primary care settings, considerable attention has been given to physician communication skills, but comparatively little to patient communication skills. ... More


Engaging clinical teams in an interprofessional approach to shared decision making

Dawn Stacey, France Légaré, and Nathalie Brière

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In this chapter, we discuss an interprofessional approach to shared decision making (SDM) and provide a practical approach for engaging clinical teams. Interprofessional SDM is the process by which ... More


Observer measures of shared decision making

Glyn Elwyn and Arianna I. Blaine

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Measuring shared decision making (SDM) from an observer standpoint, in addition to gathering patient- or provider-reported reflections, allows for a fuller understanding of efforts made to engage ... More


Demystifying decision aids: A practical guide for clinicians

Rachel Thompson and Lyndal Trevena

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Shared decision making (SDM) is widely recognized as a strategy for delivering person-centered medicine and upholding the autonomy of patients. Less widespread, however, is an appreciation of how to ... More


Helping Doctors and Patients Make Sense of Health Statistics

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many doctors, patients, journalists, and politicians alike do not understand what health statistics mean, or they draw wrong conclusions without noticing. The causes of statistical illiteracy should ... More


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