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HYPERBOLIC CONSERVATION LAWS

George Em Karniadakis and Spencer J. Sherwin

in Spectral/hp Element Methods for Computational Fluid Dynamics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528692
eISBN:
9780191713491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528692.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter discusses compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes equations as well as general hyperbolic conservation laws. The principle issue is how effectively to use the high-order expansions of the ... More


Geophysical Fluid Dynamics: Understanding (almost) everything with rotating shallow water models

Vladimir Zeitlin

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198804338
eISBN:
9780191842627
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804338.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The book explains the key notions and fundamental processes in the dynamics of the fluid envelopes of the Earth (transposable to other planets), and methods of their analysis, from the unifying ... More


Surf Zone, Coastal Pelagic Zone, and Harbors

LARRY G. ALLEN and DANIEL J. PONDELLA

in The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The nearshore zone off the Californias includes a number of unique, primarily soft-bottom habitats. This expansive area spans the exposed, sandy beaches to the water column above the inner shelf ... More


Surface Gravity Waves

John A. Adam

in Rays, Waves, and Scattering: Topics in Classical Mathematical Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691148373
eISBN:
9781400885404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148373.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter deals with the underlying mathematics of surface gravity waves, defined as gravity waves observed on an air–sea interface of the ocean. Surface gravity waves, or surface waves, differ ... More


Colonization of Coastal and Estuarine Environments

Joseph L. Staton, Brian A. Canada, Stephen A. Borgianini, and Karen M. Barkel

in Evolution and Biogeography: Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190637842
eISBN:
9780197538265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Coastal and estuarine environments are some of the best-known and most well-studied ecosystems in the world in that these regions lie in close proximity to much of the world’s human population. The ... More


Introduction

Arnold G. van der Valk

in The Biology of Freshwater Wetlands

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608942
eISBN:
9780191774805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608942.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Wetlands are land areas with shallow water or saturated soils that support a wide variety of plants not found somewhere else in the surrounding uplands. Although wetlands share a number of ... More


Rotating Shallow-Water model with Horizontal Density and/or Temperature Gradients

Vladimir Zeitlin

in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics: Understanding (almost) everything with rotating shallow water models

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198804338
eISBN:
9780191842627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804338.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The derivation of rotating shallow-water equations by vertical averaging and columnar motion hypothesis is repeated without supposing horizontal homogeneity of density/potential temperature. The ... More


Two-dimensional turbulence

P. A. Davidson

in Turbulence: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198722588
eISBN:
9780191789298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722588.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

Chapter 10 discusses two-dimensional turbulence. It starts with a review of the classical theories of Batchelor and Kraichnan. This is followed by a discussion of the role of coherent vortices and ... More


Describing Assemblages of Sediment-living Organisms

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

One of the most fruitful aspects of ecological research is the search for common patterns in the bewildering variability of nature. Given current concerns about global warming, climate change, and ... More


Functional Diversity of Benthic Assemblages

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Now that we have discussed how assemblages of marine soft sediments are structured, we need to consider functional aspects. There are a few main interrelationships that need to be discussed here— ... More


Human Impacts on Soft-Sediment Systems—Trawling and Fisheries

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Given the discussion above regarding natural changes in the marine benthos, we should now consider the human-mediated (anthropogenic) changes and the response of benthic systems to human impacts. ... More


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