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 Summoning to the Truth

Shafique N. Virani

in The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, a Search for Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195311730
eISBN:
9780199785490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311730.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Ismaili da'wa, or summons to recognize the absolute divinity and oneness of God, was conducted through a highly structured organization. This organization, envisioned as a hierarchy of seven ... More


Democracy or State-Building? 1906–1941

Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr

in Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195189674
eISBN:
9780199784134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195189671.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter discusses the Constitutional Revolution of 1906-1911 and subsequent efforts to balance the demand for a viable state with the demand for democracy and rule of law. It then traces the ... More


The Muslims of India: A Documentary Record

A.G. Noorani (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670561
eISBN:
9780199080618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670561.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This book presents important documents recording the reactions of Muslims in the aftermath of the Independence and Partition of India, and in the subsequent fifty years. Besides key political ... More


The Start of the Journey

Mushirul Hasan

in Exploring the West: Three Travel Narratives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198063117
eISBN:
9780199080199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198063117.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter describes the author's original circumstances and the reason for his travel to Europe. He recalls how he embarked in a French ship in the Hejira year 1180 from the town of Higelee and ... More


FREE-DISCONTINUITY PROBLEMS

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter introduces the space of piecewise-Sobolev functions, which is the one-dimensional version of the De Giorgi-Ambrosio SBV space. Sample applications to Signal Reconstruction (the ... More


APPROXIMATION OF FREE-DISCONTINUITY PROBLEMS

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Various types of approximations of free-discontinuity energies, in particular the Mumford-Shah functional, are given: the Ambrosio-Tortorelli approximation via elliptic functionals with an additional ... More


Women's Rights as Multicultural Claims: Reconfiguring Gender and Diversity in Political Philosophy

Monica Mookherjee

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748632794
eISBN:
9780748652556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632794.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book attempts to reconfigure feminism in a way that responds to cultural diversity. The book contends that a discourse of rights can be formulated and that this task is crucial to negotiating a ... More


Introduction: Icons, Idols, and Revolution

John E. Cort

in Framing the Jina: Narratives of Icons and Idols in Jain History

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385021
eISBN:
9780199869770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385021.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

The book is introduced by two exemplary narratives of Jains who were “converted” from, and to, an acceptance of the role of religious icons of Jinas. Lonka Shah was a fifteenth‐century Shvetambara ... More


Idols and a History of Corruption

John E. Cort

in Framing the Jina: Narratives of Icons and Idols in Jain History

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385021
eISBN:
9780199869770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385021.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

The use of icons in Jainism has not gone uncontested. In particular, the Shvetambara layman Lonka Shah agitated against icons in the fifteenth century. From this anti‐iconic tradition the ... More


The Shah Court (1970–1)

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter describes the Shah Court of 1970–71. J.C. Shah, the sixth and last of the CJI S.R. Das appointees to serve as CJI had a stewardship of only thirty-five days, the shortest to date, from ... More


Self-Knowledge, ‘Transparency’, and the Forms of Activity

Richard Moran

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In philosophy, the ideas of self-consciousness and rational agency are often discussed together. Some contemporary accounts appeal to the so-called ‘transparency’ of belief (and other attitudes) to ... More


Cliency and Coercion in Iran

Sean L. Yom

in From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231175647
eISBN:
9780231540278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175647.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Iran is the opposite of Kuwait, embodying the causal pattern of geopolitical substitution resulting in revolutionary collapse for the governing regime. This chapter analyzes the Iranian case ... More


Warlord Survival: The Delusion of State Building in Afghanistan

Romain Malejacq

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501746420
eISBN:
9781501746437
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501746420.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

How do warlords survive and even thrive in contexts that are explicitly set up to undermine them? How do they rise after each fall? This book answers these questions. Drawing on hundreds of in-depth ... More


Long Day’s Journey into Night: Mirza Fattah Khan Garmrudi’s Accounts of Europe

Naghmeh Sohrabi

in Taken for Wonder: Nineteenth Century Travel Accounts from Iran to Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199829705
eISBN:
9780199933341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829705.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries)

In 1837, Iran occupied Herat in an attempt to reclaim it for the Qajar Empire. As a result the British occupied southern Iran, leading to a diplomatic imbroglio between the two empires. This chapter ... More


The Traveling King: Nasir al-Din Shah and His Books of Travel

Naghmeh Sohrabi

in Taken for Wonder: Nineteenth Century Travel Accounts from Iran to Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199829705
eISBN:
9780199933341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829705.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries)

Nasir al-Din Shah (r. 1848–1896), the longest reigning Qajar monarch, traveled to Europe three times during his rule, writing detailed accounts of each travel, in addition to multiple other accounts ... More


Decoding the Moves of Colonial Chess: Premchand/Satyajit Ray's Shatranj Ke Khiladi

Shreya Bhattacharji

in Filming Fiction: Tagore, Premchand, and Ray

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075936
eISBN:
9780199081851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075936.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

In his short story ‘Shatranj Ke Khiladi’ (1924), Premchand uses the game of chess as a subtle politico-colonial metaphor. Known in its heyday as ‘Paris of the East’ and ‘Babylon of India’, Wajid Ali ... More


Punjabi Sufi Poetry from Farid to Farid

Christopher Shackle

in Punjab Reconsidered: History, Culture, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198078012
eISBN:
9780199080984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078012.003.0016
Subject:
History, Indian History

The chapter offers a critique of the continuing influence of Lajwanti Rama Krishna’s pioneering English-language monograph Panjabi Sufi Poets (1938). It is argued that consequent misunderstandings of ... More


Keshavdas of Orchha

Allison Busch

in Poetry of Kings: The Classical Hindi Literature of Mughal India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765928
eISBN:
9780199918973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765928.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Chapter 1 provides an overview of the works of Keshavdas and the political context in which he lived and wrote, both of which are paradigmatic for rīti literature. The Bundelas of Orchha were forced ... More


Rīti Literature at the Mughal Court

Allison Busch

in Poetry of Kings: The Classical Hindi Literature of Mughal India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765928
eISBN:
9780199918973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765928.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter looks at the lives and texts of important Brajbhasha writers who were associated with the Mughal court. Although this court is most often linked to Persian literature, a surprising ... More


The Man

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253285
eISBN:
9780520942165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Mohammad Reza acquired many of his father's habits, though Mohammad Reza was shy and reserved even when at the apogee of power. As crown prince, Mohammad Reza had been taught to be Spartan in his ... More


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