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Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


Seeing Dark Things: The Philosophy of Shadows

Roy Sorensen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326574
eISBN:
9780199870271
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326574.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

If a spinning disk casts a round shadow does the shadow also spin? When the cave guide turns out the light so that you can experience the total blackness, are you seeing in the dark? Or are you ... More


Para-reflections: Shadowgrams and the Black Drop

Roy Sorensen

in Seeing Dark Things: The Philosophy of Shadows

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326574
eISBN:
9780199870271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326574.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Can a flame cast a shadow? The blocker theory of shadows answers no because flames emit light. However, a candle on a white surface does appear to cast a flame. Denying that the dark patch created by ... More


Dark Matter Credit

Philip T. Hoffman, Gilles Postel-Vinay, and Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182179
eISBN:
9780691185057
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182179.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Prevailing wisdom dictates that without banks countries would be mired in poverty. Yet somehow much of Europe managed to grow rich long before the diffusion of banks. This book draws on centuries of ... More


Problems

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides a set of questions drawn from material presented in previous chapters. Most are designed to emphasize important points, and to illustrate practical examples of applied welfare ... More


The global path: soft law and non-sovereigns formalizing the potency of the informal sector

Robert K. Christensen

in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204762
eISBN:
9780191603860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204764.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Westphalian paradigm suggests that sovereign nation-states formally constitute the only legitimate institutions of international policy creation, enactment, and enforcement. This paper seeks to ... More


The Catholic Tradition: Intellectual, Moral, and Social

Melanie M. Morey and John J. Piderit

in Catholic Higher Education: A Culture in Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305517
eISBN:
9780199784813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305515.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter provides a brief introduction to three umbrella terms: the Catholic intellectual tradition, the Catholic moral tradition, and Catholic social teaching. It begins with a historical look ... More


Shadow Stereo, Image Filtering, and Constraint Propagation

Michael Brady, Xiao-Bo Pan, Veit Schenk, Melissa Terras, Paul Robertson, and Nicholas Molton

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

It is agreed that stilus tablets are very important documentary sources, however they are the most difficult to decipher. The difficulties in deciphering them is due to the rough surface of the ... More


Conventional Shadow Prices

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The formal analysis in this chapter lays the foundation for the welfare analysis in the remainder of the book. A conventional welfare equation for marginal policy changes is obtained in a competitive ... More


Revised Shadow Prices

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Governments rarely raise revenue with lump sum transfers. Instead, they use distorting taxes, and this must be reflected in cost-benefit studies. The conventional welfare analysis in previous ... More


The Marginal Social Cost of Public Funds

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In public economics applications, the MCF is frequently used to compute the cost to private surplus of raising an additional dollar of government revenue. One of the most common examples is provided ... More


Optimal Commodity Taxation

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Rules for setting Ramsey (1927) optimal commodity taxes are derived in this chapter using the conventional welfare analysis presented in Ch. 6. When these tax rules apply, Diamond and Mirrlees (1971) ... More


Huju: Traditional Opera in Modern Shanghai

Jonathan P. J. Stock

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262733
eISBN:
9780191734502
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262733.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

China has over three hundred distinct styles of music drama, from exorcism theatre to farce, historical romance, and shadow puppetry. This study considers one of the newer operatic forms. Established ... More


 Fighting It Out

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter describes the theory of two-person, zero-sum games invented by John Von Neumann in 1928. It begins with an application to the computation of economic shadow prices. It shows that a ... More


The Immediate Future

Stephen M. Gardiner

in A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195379440
eISBN:
9780199897100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379440.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This brief conclusion summarizes the argument of the book and comments on the current political context. This chapter also discusses intentional climate change and intergenerational ethics. It looks ... More


Pelléas et Mélisande: Mélisande as Christ Symbol‐Life, Death, and Resurrection‐and Motivic Reinterpretations of the Whole‐Tone Dyad

Elliott Antokoletz

in Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartok

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195365825
eISBN:
9780199868865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365825.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter first looks at Act IV, Scene 1, a room in the castle. This scene anticipates Pelléas's fate as foreseen by his father. It then next looks at Act IV, Scene 2, which presents Mélisande as ... More


Inside the Drama-House: Rama Stories and Shadow Puppets in South India

Stuart Blackburn

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520202054
eISBN:
9780520916807
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520202054.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This book travels inside a little-known form of shadow puppetry in this work about performing the Tamil version of the Ramayana epic, describing the skill and physical stamina of the puppeteers in ... More


The Social Cost of Labour

Raaj K. Sah and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Peasants versus City-Dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253579
eISBN:
9780191601682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253579.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is somewhat unrelated to the rest of the book, since it does not deal with taxation policies but with the calculation of the shadow cost of labour (shadow wage) in less developed ... More


Russia: Globalization, Structural Shifts and Inequality

Alexander Vorobyov and Stanislav Zhukov

in External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

By introducing convertibility of the national currency and liberalizing both current and capital accounts of her balance of payments, Russia fully exposed herself to globalization. In this chapter, a ... More


Countershading and counterillumination

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter considers if and why lightening the ventral regions (through pigmentation or bioluminescence) can act to make an organism more difficult to detect as a three-dimensional object. The most ... More


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