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Perceptual Indiscriminability and the Concept of a Color Shade

Leon Horsten

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter investigates the connection between indiscriminability with respect to colour, and the concept of a colour shade. A crucial question is whether indiscriminability is a transitive ... More


Interactions between depth cues

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Depth cue refers to information about depth arising from a specified visual feature. Depth cues interact in many ways. Information provided by two different cues may be added or averaged or one cue ... More


Recognition-by-Components: A Bird’s Eye View

Edward A. Wasserman and Irving Biederman

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews research that has pursued the comparative psychology of visual object perception by investigating the applicability to pigeons of Biederman's theory of object recognition: ... More


Depth from interposition and shading

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 3 Other Mechanisms of Depth Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764167
eISBN:
9780199949373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764167.003.0086
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Occlusion of a far object by a near object (interposition) indicates relative depth. Subjective contours occur when several objects are partially occluded by an object with the same luminance as the ... More


Circle 4: Avarice & Prodigality: Inferno 7

Guy P. Raffa

in Danteworlds: A Reader's Guide to the Inferno

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226702674
eISBN:
9780226702780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226702780.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter presents a brief plot summary for the fourth circle of Hell, followed by explanations of “encounters” and “allusions”, significant verses (in Italian and English), and study questions to ... More


The Substance of Shadow: A Darkening Trope in Poetic History

John Hollander

Kenneth Gross (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226354279
eISBN:
9780226354309
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226354309.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The Substance of Shadow explores the poetic lives and afterlives of shadow, focusing on British and American poetry from the Renaissance to the end of the twentieth century. It investigates shadow’s ... More


Ira Sachs

Jason Wood

in Last Words: Considering Contemporary Cinema

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171977
eISBN:
9780231850698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171977.003.0023
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter presents an interview with filmmaker Ira Sachs. His first feature, The Delta (1997), enjoyed international festival acclaim. Sachs participated in the Screenwriter's Lab at the Sundance ... More


An Iconic Species

David R. Foster (ed.)

in Hemlock: A Forest Giant on the Edge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300179385
eISBN:
9780300186772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179385.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses the hemlock's distinctive characteristics, including its wide-ranging effects on the environment and other organisms. The hemlock's dense foliage allows almost no light to ... More


Critical Shade: The Angular Logics of Black Appearance

Tavia Nyong'o

in Afro-Fabulations: The Queer Drama of Black Life

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781479856275
eISBN:
9781479806386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479856275.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

This chapter revisits key debates over documentation and authenticity in the emergence of queer studies, which it considers through the work of a contemporary choreographer who engages in a process ... More


Learning to Love

Laurie Essig

in Love, Inc.: Dating Apps, the Big White Wedding, and Chasing the Happily Neverafter

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520295018
eISBN:
9780520967922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295018.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter considers how we learn to love at an early age from a variety of cultural productions, such as Disney films and teen romance novels. It digs deep into the culture of Twilight and its ... More


Creating Color, Filling, and Optional Components

Stephen M. Kosslyn

in Graph Design for the Eye and Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195311846
eISBN:
9780199847075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311846.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

After selecting the best graph format to use, and properly labeling and titling it, the next step would be putting emphasis on the content elements to make it more distinctive. Hatching, shading, or ... More


Composite Interview

George Toles

in Paul Thomas Anderson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040368
eISBN:
9780252098789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040368.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This concluding chapter illustrates segments of various interviews Paul Thomas Anderson has given about his feature films, and interviews with actors, such as Philip Seymour Hoffman on The Master. ... More


Anonymous Agencies, Backstreet Businesses, and Covert Collectives: Rethinking Organizations in the 21st Century

Craig Scott

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804781381
eISBN:
9780804785631
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781381.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Many organizations and their members devote extensive resources to promoting themselves and being known to others. However, not all organizations want or need their identity to be recognized and not ... More


Unveiling a New Framework of Organizations and Organizational Regions

Craig R. Scott

in Anonymous Agencies, Backstreet Businesses, and Covert Collectives: Rethinking Organizations in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804781381
eISBN:
9780804785631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781381.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter develops a framework for talking about organizations based on three key dimensions tied to the communication of identity: organizational visibility, member identification, and relevant ... More


Hiding Only a Little: Shaded Organizations

Craig R. Scott

in Anonymous Agencies, Backstreet Businesses, and Covert Collectives: Rethinking Organizations in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804781381
eISBN:
9780804785631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781381.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter considers the mildly, moderately, and mostly shaded regions in the book’s framework for regionalizing organizations. The shaded regions are similar to the transparent region along any ... More


The Invisible Saddle, or the Cap-or-Cup Illusion

Jan Koenderink, Andrea van Doorn, and Johan Wagemans

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The linear luminance gradient in a circular disk has become a standard example of the “shape from shading cue” in vision science. It is generally supposed to give rise to one of three possible 3D ... More


E. L. James

Tim Parks

in Life and Work: Writers, Readers, and the Conversations between Them

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300215366
eISBN:
9780300216738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215366.003.0020
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter offers a reading of E. L. James's novel Fifty Shades of Grey, which features explicitly erotic scenes with elements of sexual practices involving sadomasochism. The novel's underlying ... More


Representing the World

Patricia S. Churchland and Terrence J. Sejnowski

in The Computational Brain

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262533393
eISBN:
9780262339650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262533393.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explores the neurobiology of representations, and more specifically how nervous systems represent in the occurrent sense. It first provides an overview of the basic anatomy and ... More


Functional Traits and Community Assembly during Secondary Succession

Robin L. Chazdon

in Second Growth: The Promise of Tropical Forest Regeneration in an Age of Deforestation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117911
eISBN:
9780226118109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226118109.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the life forms, functional traits, and functional groups of plants that predominate during different successional stages, and describes patterns and mechanisms of species ... More


Plant Responses to Cues about Resources

Richard Karban

in Plant Sensing and Communication

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226264677
eISBN:
9780226264844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226264844.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Resources are available in patchy environments and plants sense and respond by placing shoots and roots in relatively rich patches. Plants forage for light and soil nutrients by differentially ... More


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