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Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Graham Bell

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Adaptation is caused by selection continually winnowing the genetic variation created by mutation. In the last ten years, our knowledge of how selection operates on populations in the field and in ... More


Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Ted Anderson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

After the chicken, the House Sparrow is the most widely distributed bird species in the world, occurring on all continents except Antarctica and on most human-inhabited islands. Although its Latin ... More


Lifetime reproductive success and sexual selection theory

Walter D. Koenig

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter summarizes studies of lifetime reproductive success (LRS) conducted on odonates. Such studies have focused on many characters, but have typically concluded that survivorship — the main ... More


Sexual size dimorphism: patterns and processes

Martín Alejandro Serrano-Meneses, Alex Córdoba-Aguilar, and Tamás Székely

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Odonates provide excellent model organisms for testing functional explanations of sexual size dimorphism (SSD) because of their wide variety of habitats, morphology, development, feeding behaviour, ... More


Sexual size dimorphism in mammals

Patrik Lindenfors, John L. Gittleman, and Kate E. Jones

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores the pattern of sexual size dimorphism (SSD) in mammals and the processes that underlie its evolution. Most mammalian orders have male-biased SSD, although some orders are not ... More


The genetic architecture of sexual dimorphism: the potential roles of genomic imprinting and condition-dependence

Russell Bonduriansky

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The first section of this chapter presents new theory showing that sex-specific patterns of genomic imprinting may play a role in the genetic architecture and expression of sexually dimorphic traits. ... More


The Evolution of Crustacean Mating Systems

Stephen M. Shuster

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

A quantitative approach is described for mating system analysis that measures the source and intensity of sexual selection. Using data commonly available from ecological, life history and behavioral ... More


Ecology and Evolution of Mating Behavior in Freshwater Amphipods

Gary A. Wellborn and Rickey D. Cothran

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Freshwater amphipods are used as a research model for studies of female mating preferences, the nature of benefits that drive female choice, and the influence of sexual conflict on female preference. ... More


The Adaptive Landscape in Sexual Selection Research

Adam G. Jones, Nicholas L. Ratterman, and Kimberly A. Paczolt

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sexual selection has produced some of the most impressively bizarre traits in the natural world. This process is often studied from a behavioural standpoint, which is understandable given the central ... More


Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Daphne J. Fairbairn, Wolf U. Blanckenhorn, and Tamás Székely (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book is an edited compendium of twenty chapters addressing the evolution, adaptive significance, and genetic and developmental basis of differences between the sexes in body size and morphology. ... More


Case studies of the differential-equilibrium hypothesis of sexual size dimorphism in two dung fly species

Wolf U. Blanckenhorn

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes studies on two common dung fly species with contrasting sexual size dimorphism (SSD): females are the larger sex in Sepsis cynipsea but the smaller sex in Scathophaga ... More


Dimorphism in the hartebeest

Isabella Capellini

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Sexual selection often favours sexual size dimorphism (SSD) in body size and fighting structures, since large males with massive weaponry achieve high reproductive success. However, sexual selection ... More


Mating Strategies in Isopods: From Mate Monopolization to Conflicts

Veijo Jormalainen

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Isopods show a wide range in mating systems. Mate guarding by males before copulation occurs commonly in most free-living taxa, with the notable exception of the terrestrial Oniscidea. Such guarding ... More


Variation in selection, phenotypic plasticity, and the ecology of sexual size dimorphism in two seed-feeding beetles

Charles W. Fox, R. Craig Stillwell, and Jordi Moya-Laraño

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter reviews recent studies on two seed beetle species with contrasting sexual size dimorphism (SSD): males are larger in Stator limbatus and females are larger in Callosobruchus maculatus. ... More


Sexual dimorphism in the water strider, Aquarius remigis: a case study of adaptation in response to sexually antagonistic selection

Daphne J. Fairbairn

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes a series of studies examining the adaptive significance of sexual size dimorphism (SSD) in the water strider, Aquarius remigis. The data reveal that SSD is negligible until the ... More


Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Anne E. Magurran

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book explores the Trinidadian guppy's unique contributions to evolutionary ecology. Ever since Caryl Haskins — working in the 1940s and 1950s — described guppy populations as a natural ... More


Sexual behaviour, reward, and brain function; sexual selection of behaviour

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The shaping by evolution of reward system for attraction, love, and attachment are described, including the roles of sexual selection.


The evolution of sexual size dimorphism in reptiles

Robert M. Cox, Marguerite A. Butler, and Henry B. John-Alder

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Most studies interpret reptilian sexual size dimorphism (SSD) as a means to reducing resource competition by way of sexual selection, fecundity selection, and natural selection. This chapter assesses ... More


A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Geoffrey E. Hill

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The House Finch is among the most mundane birds, so ubiquitous and familiar across the U.S. and Canada that it does not rate a glance from most bird enthusiasts. But males have carotenoid-based ... More


Sexual size dimorphism in amphibians: an overview

Alexander Kupfer

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter reviews patterns of sexual dimorphism in amphibians and discusses their proximal causes and possible adaptive significance. Amphibians are diverse organisms that live in aquatic or ... More


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