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The Effects of Sex Steroids in Humans: Organizing Effects

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

Chapters 3 and 4 reviewed many of the principles highlighted in various animal models on the effects of sex steroids on the expression of reproductive behavior, on sexual differentiation during ... More


Differential Actions of Estrogens in the Male and Female Brain: A Case for Sex-Specific Medicines

Glenda E. Gillies

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Estrogens are ubiquitous hormones that are now known to have profound effects in the brain of both males and females across species. Available clinical and preclinical data indicate the potential for ... More


The Effects of Sex Steroids in Humans: Activating Effects

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0037
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter argues that sexual motivation in humans and animals is essentially the result of the action of sex steroids on the brain and in particular on preoptic, hypothalamic, and limbic ... More


Aromatase, Low Temperature Dormancy, and Reproduction in the Red-Sided Garter Snake

Randolph W. Krohmer

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The red-sided garter snake (RSGS) exhibits a dissociated reproductive pattern, mating when gonads are inactive. Although it is now recognized that sex steroid hormone plasma concentrations remain ... More


Biological Determinism of Sexual Orientation in Animals

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

Unlike other aspects of human sexuality that have no equivalent in the animal, sexual orientation can be easily studied in animals. The test animal can be offered a choice between a male or female ... More


Marian Cleeves Diamond

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Marian Cleeves Diamond. Diamond's laboratory has three major scientific contributions: One, the structural components of the cerebral cortex can be altered ... More


Sexual Orientation in Clinical Cases

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0049
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter reviews a number of medical conditions that are all related, at least in part, to sexual orientation at odds with the genetic sex of the affected subjects. In several of these ... More


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