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A Safe City Now?

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The lesson of Chapter 1 is that New York City has experienced a decline in rates of serious crime that is unprecedented in modern American history. This chapter focuses on the current circumstances ... More


Getting Untrapped, Struggling for Truths: The Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation (CAVR) in East Timor

Beth S Lyons

in Internationalized Criminal Courts: Sierra Leone, East Timor, Kosovo, and Cambodia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199276745
eISBN:
9780191707650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276745.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Truth commissions have become an almost ubiquitous policy option in the range of accountability mechanisms for human rights violations. In East Timor, the Commission for Reception, Truth and ... More


East Timor: Trials and Tribulations

Sylvia de Bertodano

in Internationalized Criminal Courts: Sierra Leone, East Timor, Kosovo, and Cambodia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199276745
eISBN:
9780191707650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276745.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

One of the major issues facing the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) when it arrived in East Timor in October 1999 was the question of how those responsible for the ... More


Deterrence through Capital Punishment

Matthew H. Kramer

in The Ethics of Capital Punishment: A Philosophical Investigation of Evil and its Consequences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199642182
eISBN:
9780191732188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642182.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter first delineates the deterrence-oriented rationale for capital punishment, and defends it against some unwise objections. Thereafter, however, the chapter proceeds to assail the ... More


The Scope of Capital Punishment in Law

Roger Hood and Carolyn Hoyle

in The Death Penalty: A Worldwide Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228478
eISBN:
9780191696329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228478.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the scope of capital punishment in countries that retain it, especially with regard to their obligation to reserve it for only the most serious crimes. It reviews what is known ... More


Comparing Serious Violent Crime in the United States and England and Wales: Why It Matters, and How It Can Be Done

Zelia Gallo, Nicola Lacey, and David Soskice

in American Exceptionalism in Crime and Punishment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190203542
eISBN:
9780190203566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203542.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter shows how reasonably valid comparative data for violent crime in the United States and England and Wales can be derived. Comparative analysis of violent crime is hampered by a lack of ... More


The Role of Recidivists in Urban California Crime

E.Zimring Franklin, Gordon Hawkins, and Sam Kamin

in Punishment and Democracy: Three Strikes and You're Out in California

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195171174
eISBN:
9780199849765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171174.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter reports the study's findings on the nature and prevalence of the crimes committed by the two target groups of the law — persons with one prior strike conviction and persons with two or ... More


Introduction to the issue of rape in China as a developing country

Qihua Ye

in International approaches to rape

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426208
eISBN:
9781447302629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426208.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter discusses how rape is one of the most serious crimes in Chinese criminal law. Rape is classed as the sex crime of raping women, but also of forcing young girls to work as prostitutes, ... More


Building a Research Design

E.Zimring Franklin, Gordon Hawkins, and Sam Kamin

in Punishment and Democracy: Three Strikes and You're Out in California

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195171174
eISBN:
9780199849765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171174.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter describes and justifies the design of the research project conducted in San Diego, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. The research design addresses three significant questions: How large ... More


Ordering the City: Land Use, Policing, and the Restoration of Urban America

Nicole Stelle Garnett

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300124941
eISBN:
9780300155051
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124941.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This book highlights the multiple, often overlooked, and frequently misunderstood connections between land use and development policies and policing practices. In order to do so, it draws upon ... More


Beating the ration: the ‘Black Market’

Mark Roodhouse

in Black Market Britain: 1939-1955

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199588459
eISBN:
9780191747564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588459.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the illicit retail markets and their supply networks which contemporaries classed as ‘black market’. This ‘black market’ received more attention than the ‘grey market’ ... More


The Boys, their identities and dynamics

Mohammed Qasim

in Young, Muslim and Criminal: Experiences, Identities and Pathways into Crime

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447341482
eISBN:
9781447341536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447341482.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter analyses the identity, substructures, and dynamics of the group of young men known as The Boys. A picture of the young men is presented by examining their personalities and traits in ... More


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