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The Emergence of a Regional Framework in the Early and High Middle Ages: Power, Property, and Social Structures

Bas van Bavel

in Manors and Markets: Economy and Society in the Low Countries 500-1600

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278664
eISBN:
9780191707032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278664.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Each region received its specific social organization during the process of occupation in the early and high Middle Ages. This chapter discusses the social distribution of power and property, and ... More


Forests, Minerals, and the Controversy over Property in Post-Emancipation Russia

Ekaterina Pravilova

in A Public Empire: Property and the Quest for the Common Good in Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159058
eISBN:
9781400850266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159058.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The idea of private property, borrowed by Catherine the Great from Europe, was transplanted into an economic order based on serfdom and hierarchical patrimonial relations. Peasants were seen as being ... More


The Development of Agrarian Capitalism: Land and Labour in Norfolk 1440-1580

Jane Whittle

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208426
eISBN:
9780191677991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208426.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book is an important new scholarly study of the roots of capitalism. The author's penetrating examination of rural England in the 15th and 16th centuries asks how ... More


Labour and Lordship

Julia M. H. Smith

in Europe after Rome: A New Cultural History 500-1000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780192892638
eISBN:
9780191670626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192892638.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter argues that regional diversity and change over time were the hallmarks of all early medieval social hierarchies. It begins by exploring slavery and serfdom and the implications of ... More


Desperate Magic: The Moral Economy of Witchcraft in Seventeenth-Century Russia

Valerie Kivelson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451461
eISBN:
9780801469381
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451461.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

In the courtrooms of seventeenth-century Russia, the great majority of those accused of witchcraft were male, in sharp contrast to the profile of accused witches across Catholic and Protestant Europe ... More


The Manorial System and its Legacy

Jane Whittle

in The Development of Agrarian Capitalism: Land and Labour in Norfolk 1440-1580

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208426
eISBN:
9780191677991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208426.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter outlines the most significant aspects of the medieval manorial system, and the form it took in north-east Norfolk. It examines the elements ... More


Conclusion

Jane Whittle

in The Development of Agrarian Capitalism: Land and Labour in Norfolk 1440-1580

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208426
eISBN:
9780191677991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208426.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter summarizes the preceding discussions. Two processes stand out with regard to the development of agrarian capitalism and capitalism itself ... More


Managing the land

Chris Wickham

in Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean, 400—800

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264490
eISBN:
9780191698934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264490.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter is concerned with the organization of agricultural production, particularly agriculture, based from the standpoint of landowners. It tries to show how unimportant slave-mode production ... More


The Importance of Time and Place

John Hatcher and Mark Bailey

in Modelling the Middle Ages: The History and Theory of England's Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244119
eISBN:
9780191697333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244119.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Economic History

This chapter looks at the generic weaknesses of the models that have been developed to describe and explain the history of the medieval economy. It explores these failings from three different ... More


American Slavery and Russian Serfdom in the Post-Emancipation Imagination

Amanda Brickell Bellows

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655543
eISBN:
9781469655567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655543.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

The abolition of Russian serfdom in 1861 and American slavery in 1865 transformed both nations as Russian peasants and African Americans gained new rights as subjects and citizens. During the second ... More


Upper Class Protest—Press Attacks on the Tax Farm

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

When Nicholas I died in February 1835, he left a world that still belonged to Nikolai Gogol. Much in this world still smacked of Muscovy, not least its taverns, its distilleries, and its vodka ... More


An Ordinary Marriage: The World of a Gentry Family in Provincial Russia

Katherine Pickering Antonova

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199796991
eISBN:
9780199979721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796991.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Family History

This is the story of a marriage between middle-income gentry landowners in nineteenth-century provincial Russia. The mother, Natalia Chikhacheva, oversaw serf labor and managed finances while the ... More


The Village

Katherine Pickering Antonova

in An Ordinary Marriage: The World of a Gentry Family in Provincial Russia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199796991
eISBN:
9780199979721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796991.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Family History

The day-to-day realities of provincial gentry like the Chikhachevs centered on the village and the province, rather than the capital cities. The landowning gentry enjoyed a privileged position, but ... More


Estate Management

Katherine Pickering Antonova

in An Ordinary Marriage: The World of a Gentry Family in Provincial Russia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199796991
eISBN:
9780199979721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796991.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Family History

This chapter argues that the construction of womanhood in this family was something quite different from the western “separate spheres“ model of a nurturing, home-based mother (whose principal job ... More


After the Black Death: Economy, society, and the law in fourteenth-century England

Mark Bailey

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198857884
eISBN:
9780191890451
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198857884.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Social History

The Black Death of 1348–9 is the most catastrophic event in recorded history, and this study—the Ford Lectures of 2019 at Oxford University—offers a major re-evaluation of its immediate impact and ... More


Transcending “Textual Serfdom”

Ian F. Mcneely

in The Emancipation of Writing: German Civil Society in the Making, 1790s-1820s

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233300
eISBN:
9780520928527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233300.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explains how, after Napoleon's invasions, the synthesis of formality and collegiality collapsed under civil society's separation from the state. The scribes ceased to function as a ... More


Child slavery today

Joost Kooijmans and Hans van de Glind

in Child slavery now: A contemporary reader

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426109
eISBN:
9781447301714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426109.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter examines the quantitative dimensions of child slavery. It reviews the scope of childhood slavery as encompassing forced labour, child trafficking (for forced labour or sexual ... More


Conclusion

Alice Rio

in Slavery After Rome, 500-1100

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198704058
eISBN:
9780191773150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704058.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Social History

This brings together some of the main findings from the book. Instead of showing a simple transition from slavery to serfdom, the early middle ages saw an explosion in the different meanings and uses ... More


Serfdom, Society, and the Arts in Imperial Russia: The Pleasure and the Power

Richard Stites

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108897
eISBN:
9780300128185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108897.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Serf-era and provincial Russia heralded the spectacular turn in cultural history that began in the 1860s. Examining the role of arts and artists in society's value system, this book explores this ... More


Creating Lasting Meaningful Social Reform: The Abolition of Slavery II

Samuel Cohn

in All Societies Die: How to Keep Hope Alive

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501755903
eISBN:
9781501755927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501755903.003.0055
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter examines the emancipations which were not the result of British or American arm-twisting. Brazil did not emancipate its slaves even after a second British naval assault — a blockade of ... More


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