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Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Random sampling (RS) and random assignment (RA) are considered by many researchers to be the definitive methodological procedures for maximizing external and internal validity. However, there is a ... More


Matching between impaired and intact fields

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Given the good discrimination in the blind field, the question arises as to whether it is processed differently than discriminations in the intact field. One way of addressing the question was to ... More


Out of Equilibrium

Mario Amendola and Jean-Luc Gaffard

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293804
eISBN:
9780191595851
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293801.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This book moves from the consideration that the dominant equilibrium theory is not suited to deal properly with economic changes like innovation and growth, which are, in the nature of structural ... More


Some Socio-Economic Thoughts

Paul Ekins

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Tipping points may be discerned in earth systems and in planetary boundaries, even if the science is still incomplete. But for social systems, tipping points do not seem to appear too clearly, nor is ... More


The Patriot Game: Rhetoric and Heresthetic in the Anglo‐Irish Treaty Negotiations of 1921

Iain McLean

in Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295297
eISBN:
9780191599873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295294.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The second of two case studies of Lloyd George. Explains how he was able to enact the Irish Treaty of 1921 in three parliaments and three executives, when he controlled a majority in only one of the ... More


From Descriptive to Predictive Approaches

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Routine statistical approaches are essentially descriptive, giving answers within a narrow range of questions. Quantitatively formulated logical model force us to ask further questions and are ... More


Probability Learning in 1000 Trials

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a probability learning experiment in which each of 120 Ss made a sequence of 1,000 predictions about which two mutually exclusive events occur. After each prediction, one of the ... More


Motherhood, Work, and Family Policy

Neil Gilbert

in Raising Children: Emerging Needs, Modern Risks, and Social Responses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195310122
eISBN:
9780199865284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310122.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

This chapter shifts the focus from women on the fast track to high-powered professional careers to mothers employed in average working-and-middle-class jobs. From this perspective, a range of ... More


CONSTRUCTIVE REVERSE MATHEMATICS: COMPACTNESS PROPERTIES

Hajime Ishihara

in From Sets and Types to Topology and Analysis: Towards practicable foundations for constructive mathematics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566519
eISBN:
9780191713927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566519.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter proposes a base formal system for constructive reverse mathematics to classify various theorems in intuitionistic, constructive recursive, and classical mathematics by logical ... More


Tonal Tension and Attraction

Fred Lerdahl

in Tonal Pitch Space

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter applies the pitch-space model to sequences and hierarchies of events to reveal patterns of tonal tension and attraction. Intuitions of tonal tension and relaxation correspond to ... More


Absolute Identification of More Than Two Signals

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses major reaction-time results for experimental designs with more than two signals. Topics covered include impact of number of signals; sequential effects; and experiments with ... More


Two-Choice Reaction Times: Basic Ideas and Data

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter begins with a discussion of choice-reaction times and simple-reaction times. It then discusses a conceptual scheme for tradeoffs, discriminability and accuracy, speed-accuracy tradeoff, ... More


Mixture Models

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines models that attempt to formulate amy information the mind has about the signals presented and how the mind then makes decisions about what and when to respond. Topics discussed ... More


Episodic Memory

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a case for the dual coding approach as well as for the constructive-empiricist philosophy of science that the approach represents. Dual coding theory and the convergent ... More


Neuropsychological Evidence

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews neuropsychological evidence concerning representational processes and dual coding theory. The evidence is provided by studies of functional differences between the two cerebral ... More


Methodological Alternatives and Supplements to Random Sampling

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter begins with a discussion of external validity and sampling bias. Next, the rationale and limitations of RS as a way to maximize external validity and minimize sampling bias are ... More


Methodological Alternatives and Supplements to Random Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter begins with a discussion of internal validity and assignment bias. Next, the rationale for, and the limitations of, RA as a way to maximize internal validity and minimize assignment are ... More


Listening to music

John A. Sloboda

in The Musical Mind: The Cognitive Psychology of Music

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521280
eISBN:
9780191706257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521280.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter raises the methodological problems of understanding large-scale listening, when most research is based on responses to short musical fragments. Lack of ecological validity is raised as a ... More


The Casuistic Laws

David P. Wright

in Inventing God's Law: How the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195304756
eISBN:
9780199866830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304756.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter presents the basic evidence of the common sequential ordering of the casuistic ("if . . . then . . .") laws of the Covenant Code (Exodus 21:2–22:19) and the Laws of Hammurabi. It notes ... More


Periodic models for trending data

Philip Hans Franses and Richard Paap

in Periodic Time Series Models

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199242023
eISBN:
9780191601286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924202X.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In Chapter 4 we address the issue of how to incorporate descriptions of trends in periodic models. It is well known that the trend in many economic time series may be characterized by a so-called ... More


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