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 John F. Kennedy: The First Catholic President

Gary Scott Smith

in Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300604
eISBN:
9780199785285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300604.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Like Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy attended church regularly while president and used religious rhetoric extensively in his speeches, especially in discussing his campaign for world peace. Eisenhower, ... More


 George W. Bush: A Faith‐Based Presidency

Gary Scott Smith

in Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300604
eISBN:
9780199785285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300604.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Although George W. Bush is not more personally devout than Woodrow Wilson or Jimmy Carter, religious issues have played an even more important role in his presidency than for any of his predecessors. ... More


 Dwight David Eisenhower, Dynamic Conservatism, and the Religious Revival of the 1950s

Gary Scott Smith

in Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300604
eISBN:
9780199785285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300604.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Dwight D. Eisenhower’s personal behavior, the mood of the 1950s, and shrewd publicity combined to make his administration seem more religious than those of most other presidents. Although the general ... More


The Separation of Church and State versus Religion in the Public Square: The Contested History of the Establishment Clause

T. Jeremy Gunn

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that modern understandings of the historical origins of the Establishment Clause largely reflect one of two basic understandings of the origins of the clause: one that promotes ... More


Conclusion

Gary Scott Smith

in Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300604
eISBN:
9780199785285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300604.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This examination of the lives of eleven presidents demonstrates that their faith has been vitally important to a substantial number of the occupants of the Oval Office. Their faith helped shape their ... More


Pope Pius X (1903–1914)

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The election of Giuseppe Sarto, archbishop of Venice, as Pius X in 1903 was a surprise in that he had little political or diplomatic experience and knew nothing of the workings of the Curia. He did ... More


“These and Those Are the Words of the Living God”: Talmudic Sound and Fury in Shaping National Policy

Elliot N. Dorff

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that American public policy discussions should follow the Jewish model — which encourages open, frank, and even heated debate within an atmosphere of mutual respect. It further ... More


The Two Kingdoms in Concert 1783–1799

Jonathan D. Sassi

in A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Along with their providential interpretations, Congregational ministers during the last two decades of the eighteenth century offered their prescriptions for how to build a righteous social order and ... More


The Formation of the First Amendment

Thomas J. Curry

in Farewell to Christendom: The Future of Church and State in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145694
eISBN:
9780199834129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145690.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Religious liberty depends on keeping the government out of religious matters, whereas religious toleration is a gift of government. Virginia's Bill for Religious Liberty and Massachusetts’ ... More


No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

T. Jeremy Gunn and John Witte (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The focus of the volume is the historical background and meaning of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment of the Constitution, from the seventeenth century to the present. The text does not ... More


Slovenia

Lavinia Stan and Lucian Turcescu

in Church, State, and Democracy in Expanding Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195337105
eISBN:
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337105.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The predominantly Catholic Slovenia has chosen to separate church and state in post-communist times, by taking its inspiration from France and the United States. In virtue of this model, religion is ... More


Disestablishing Religion and Protecting Religious Liberty in State Laws and Constitutions (1776–1833)

Mark D. McGarvie

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that the process of disestablishment, which largely took place between 1776 and 1833, was based on a republican ideal of improving society. It was at the state level that ... More


The Continental Congress and Emerging Ideas of Church–State Separation

Derek H. Davis

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Continental Congress is known for having made several positive references to religion and is cited by many as illustrating the founders’ understanding that the state may play a positive role in ... More


Democratic Authority and the Separation of Church and State

Robert Audi

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199796083
eISBN:
9780199919345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796083.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Democratic states must protect the liberty of citizens and must accommodate both religious liberty and cultural diversity. This democratic imperative is one reason for the increasing secularity of ... More


The 1950s: Part One

Steven K. Green

in The Third Disestablishment: Church, State, and American Culture, 1940-1975

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190908140
eISBN:
9780190908171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908140.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Religious Studies

This chapter examines the Protestant–Catholic tensions of the early 1950s and the meteoric rise of Protestants and Other Americans United for Separation of Church and State (POAU) and its early ... More


Back to the Future of Church and State

Nicholas P. Miller

in The Religious Roots of the First Amendment: Dissenting Protestants and the Separation of Church and State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199858361
eISBN:
9780199949724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858361.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter summarizes the three main competing views of church and state in America. The first is the medieval model of an establishment, which was promoted by the puritans. The second is the ... More


Can Religion Tolerate Democracy? (And Vice Versa?)

Stephen L. Carter

in Democratic Vistas: Reflections on the Life of American Democracy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300102567
eISBN:
9780300130485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300102567.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the relationship between religion and democracy. It argues that the separation of church and state is not a principle. It is not a rule of constitutional law. It is not an ... More


The Arguments for Silence

George M. Marsden

in The Outrageous Idea of Christian Scholarship

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195122909
eISBN:
9780199853311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122909.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter begins with a discussion of why the “science versus religion” stereotype is so deeply etched in the minds of many academics. It then turns to how religious expressions are susceptible to ... More


Some Reflections on Fundamental Questions about the Original Understanding of the Establishment Clause

Kent Greenawalt

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter begins with an analysis of Everson v. Board of Education, where it argues that the although the original intent of the Establishment Clause and the Fourteenth Amendment should be given ... More


Why Can’t We All Just Get Along With Each Other?

Nicholas Wolterstorff and Terence Cuneo

in Understanding Liberal Democracy: Essays in Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199558957
eISBN:
9780191744808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558957.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is often said or assumed that the presence of religion in our society necessarily harbors within itself the threat of coercion and violence. Religion, though it may talk and dream of peace, is a ... More


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