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Neurophysiology of Hand Function

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

in Human Hand Function

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers human hand function from a neurophysiological perspective and begins by highlighting several areas of controversy in this research area. The structure and function of the ... More


Controlling local movements of the legs Controlling local movements of the legs

Malcolm Burrows

in The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Local movements are defined as those caused by the contractions of the muscles in a single segment. The neural processing underlying these movements is carried out within a restricted part of the ... More


Changing the way we perceive things: sensory systems modulation

Alison R. Mercer

in Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Sensory systems are highly selective information gatherers, and the modulation of activity within sensory pathways plays an important role in filtering out redundant information, improving ... More


Visceral nociceptors

Cervero Fernando

in Neurobiology of Nociceptors

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523345
eISBN:
9780191724527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523345.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The scientific interpretation of the mechanisms of visceral sensation and visceral pain has included from the beginning two different and opposing ideas: that the viscera are innervated by separate ... More


Signal transduction in nociceptors: general principles

Belmonte Carlos

in Neurobiology of Nociceptors

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523345
eISBN:
9780191724527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523345.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Sensory transduction is the mechanism by which external physical changes are transformed into internal biochemical and/or electrical signals. Such electrical signals are propagated and processed ... More


Sensing the World

Martin Stevens

in Sensory Ecology, Behaviour, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199601776
eISBN:
9780191774782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601776.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Sensory systems have evolved to detect important cues and stimuli from the environment, and to discriminate these from noise (environmental or physiological) or from other irrelevant stimuli. This ... More


Frequency, contingency and the information processing theory of conditioning

C. R. Gallistel

in Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The framework provided by Claude Shannon's (1948) theory of information leads to a far-reaching, more quantitatively oriented reconceptualization of the processes that mediate what is commonly called ... More


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