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A Theory of Arithmetical Knowledge

Caroline Jenkins

in Grounding Concepts: An Empirical Basis for Arithmetical Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231577
eISBN:
9780191716102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231577.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explains how the examination of arithmetical concepts can lead to knowledge. It argues that in order for an examination of our concepts to supply us with knowledge of an independent ... More


Contextual Modulations of Visual Receptive Fields: A Bayesian Perspective

Sophie Denève and Timm Lochmann

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter proposes a normative neural model of visual processing under the assumption that visual spiking neurons optimally detect the presence of independent objects in dynamic visual scenes. ... More


Development

Caroline Jenkins

in Grounding Concepts: An Empirical Basis for Arithmetical Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231577
eISBN:
9780191716102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231577.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter consists in development of some of the key ideas of the previous chapter. It begins by showing how an arithmetical epistemology along the lines suggested in the previous chapter sits ... More


Tactile‐Motor‐Kinaesthetic Perception

C. B. Martin

in The Mind in Nature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234103
eISBN:
9780191715570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234103.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of tactile-motor-kinaesthetic perceiving. It argues that through use of the tactile-motor-kinaesthetic sensory input and imagery that we learn the ... More


What Is Fed Back?

Jean Bullier

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The 21st century brought about a shift in the types of models used to explain the processing of sensory information by the cerebral cortex. Until now, these models have overwhelmingly emphasized the ... More


Integrating information from different senses in the superior colliculus

Barry E. Stein, Mark T. Wallace, Terrence R. Stanford, and John G. McHaffie

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The theme of this chapter is polysensory integration. Here, the chapter concentrates on the role of the superior colliculus (SC) of the cat in the integration of information from different senses. ... More


Predictive attenuation in the perception of touch

Paul M. Bays and Daniel M. Wolpert

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the evidence for a general process of sensory filtering that attenuates self-generated tactile sensation. It shows that tactile attenuation specifically affects self-generated ... More


The Dynamic Nature of Adult Visual Cortex

Charles D. Gilbert and Corinna Darian-Smith

in Brain and Memory: Modulation and Mediation of Neuroplasticity

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082944
eISBN:
9780199847877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082944.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The ability to change cortical connections and receptive field properties is a well-established characteristic of the cortex early in development. After a short period of plasticity extending from ... More


The fragile mirror of nature

Jakob Hohwy

in The Predictive Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter pursues some subtle aspects of the mind’s fragility and its indirect relation to the world, which arise from the way in which prediction error minimization must proceed. In particular, ... More


Sparse Coding and Natural Statistics

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 1: Coding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826988
eISBN:
9780199399024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The brain is exposed to continuous sensory input from the environment (and the body). How does the brain encode such continuous sensory input and translate it into neural activity, e.g., ... More


Introduction

Bence Nanay

in Between Perception and Action

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199695379
eISBN:
9780191760747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695379.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the general approach followed in the rest of the book—the starting point for explaining the human mind is the simple mental processes that we share with animals: the ... More


Body Representations: Updating a Classic Concept

H. Branch Coslett

in The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195395549
eISBN:
9780199369201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395549.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuropsychology

An internal representation of the human body is crucial for a wide range of activities such as planning action, registering the location of sensory input and making judgments about whether one could ... More


Cortical Epileptogenesis in the Developing Human Brain

Peter Kellaway

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Traditionally, human focal epilepsy has been thought to arise from an area of cortical damage, and the models of focal epilepsy used in research have been based on this concept. However, although the ... More


Reflex Contributions to the Control of Head Movement in the Lizard

Dave H. B. Wang and John H. Anderson

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

There are some tough problems in comprehending the control of head movements. The head-neck system is multijointed and the posture and the movement of the head can be controlled by distinct pairs of ... More


Selected Developments in Psychophysics, with Implications for Sensory Organization

Pollack Irwin

in Sensory Communication

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262518420
eISBN:
9780262314213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262518420.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter outlines selected recent developments in psychophysics that may be relevant to problems of sensory organization. It is assumed in this discussion that psychophysics is concerned ... More


Visual Scene Representation:: A Spatial-Cognitive Perspective

Helene Intraub

in Scene Vision: Making Sense of What We See

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027854
eISBN:
9780262319898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027854.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter explores the idea that scene representation is a spatio-centric representation that incorporates multiple sources of information: sensory input and several sources of top-down ... More


Dynamic Causal Modeling for Evoked Responses

Stefan J. Kiebel, Marta I. Garrido, and Karl J. Friston

in Brain Signal Analysis: Advances in Neuroelectric and Neuromagnetic Methods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013086
eISBN:
9780262258876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013086.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes the dynamic causal modeling (DCM) equations, demonstrates how the ensuing model is inverted using Bayesian techniques, and reports the use of Bayesian priors to derive better ... More


A subjective unit formation account of implicit learning

Pierre Perruchet and Jorge Gallego

in How Implicit Is Implicit Learning?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523512
eISBN:
9780191688928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523512.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues against conventional accounts of implicit learning. It proposes that implicit learning designates an adaptive mode in which people's behaviour is sensitive to the structural ... More


Agency and Outcome Prediction

Antje Gentsch and Simone Schütz-Bosbach

in The Sense of Agency

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190267278
eISBN:
9780190267308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190267278.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that the experience of authorship strongly depends on the capacity to form predictions about the outcome of an action. It reviews cognitive psychology and neuroscience research ... More


Influence of Tactile Cues on Visually Induced Postural Reactions

Lawrence R. Young and Gail Standish

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0089
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The primary focus of this study is multi-sensory integration and its motor control and behavioral consequences. The series of experiments involve moving a spatial visual stimulus provided by a ... More


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