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Aerial Navigation and Optic Flow SensingA Biorobotic Approach

Nicolas Franceschini, Franck Ruffier, and Julien Serres

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter addresses some of the control problems involved in an animal's visually guided three-dimensional piloting. It formulates explicit control schemes that explain how insects may navigate ... More


Electronic correction for air pressure variations

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0036
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

At atmospheric pressure, a pendulum is slightly buoyant to a ‘sea’ of air. This buoyancy causes the pendulum's timing to be a little sensitive to the air's density, and consequently to its pressure. ... More


Pressure‐Driven Microfluidics

Scott Miserendino and Yu‐Chong Tai

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

Pressure-force-driven microfluidics is the foundation for volumetric scaling into the micro regime and, hence, for unique functionalities unachievable by macro-sized devices. The physics that govern ... More


SMART SENSOR SYSTEMS

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is about sensors in general, and smart sensor systems in particular. Optical-fibre sensing and communication are also described. MEMS are introduced, which are miniaturized and smart ... More


The Role of Remote Sensing in the Study of Terrestrial Net Primary Production

Scott V. Ollinger, Robert N. Treuhaft, Bobby H. Braswell, Jeanne E. Anderson, Mary E. Martin, and Smith Marie-Louise

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Extension of field measurements to appropriate spatial scales is essential to addressing regional and global ecological patterns and environmental problems. The selective absorption and reflection of ... More


DETECTOR SYSTEMS OVERVIEW

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter summarizes the contents of the subsequent chapters to provide a perspective before going into more detailed discussions. The basic functions of radiation detector systems are described. ... More


ELECTRONIC NOISE

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter leads off with explanations of basic electronic noise mechanisms with simple derivations of spectral noise densities for thermal and shot noise, including the origins and characteristics ... More


BCIs That Use Signals Recorded in Motor Cortex

John P. Donoghue

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

One useful way of categorizing a brain-computer interface (BCI) is by the location of its sensor. The type and site of the sensor are directly tied to the kinds of signals that can be obtained and ... More


The Indispensable Technology: Detectors for Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical WMD

Simon Labov and Tom Slezak

in WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012980
eISBN:
9780262259064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012980.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter surveys recent developments in sensor technology. Section 5.1 provides an overview of the various types of nuclear, biological, and chemical sensors that are needed. Section 5.2 ... More


Program Earth: Environmental Sensing Technology and the Making of a Computational Planet

Jennifer Gabrys

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816693122
eISBN:
9781452954356
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816693122.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Sensors are increasingly present in our environments and technologies. At the same time, environmental sensing is a set of practices meant to provide more information on environmental change, while ... More


Intermittent Vorticity, Power Spectral Scaling, and Dynamical Measures on Resting Brain Magnetic Field Fluctuations: A Pilot Study

Arnold J. Mandell, Karen A. Selz, Tom Holroyd, Lindsay Rutter, and Richard Coppola

in The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

A new time-dependent global MEG variable, symmetric sensor difference series, from frontal, central, parietal and temporal sensor pairs in ten task free, resting schizophrenic patients and ten age ... More


Stabilizing Head/Eye Movements in the Blowfly Calliphora erythrocephala

Roland Hengstenberg

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Like the majority of other insects, the blowfly has five eyes: three ocelli on top of the head and two compound eyes at the side. The ocelli retinae compose a few hundred photoreceptors whose ... More


Vision

Piotr Dudek

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

Vision is a sensory modality of primary importance to many animal species. The efficient implementation of visual perception is also one of the main challenges in the design of intelligent robotic ... More


Delay-Adaptive Linear Control

Yang Zhu and Miroslav Krstic

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691202549
eISBN:
9780691203317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691202549.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Actuator and sensor delays are among the most common dynamic phenomena in engineering practice, and when disregarded, they render controlled systems unstable. Over the past sixty years, predictor ... More


Space and Earth Science

Peter J. Westwick

in Into the Black: JPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110753
eISBN:
9780300134582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110753.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the role played by microelectronics in the development of the Wide Field/Planetary Camera (WF/PC) for the Hubble telescope, which was a major JPL effort in the 1980s. Along ... More


Biomimetic materials

Julian Vincent

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

Biological materials present the conventional materials scientist with alternative ways of achieving durability, recyclability, and adaptability. Technical materials are commonly designed to resist ... More


Understanding satellite remote sensing

Nathalie Pettorelli

in Satellite Remote Sensing and the Management of Natural Resources

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198717263
eISBN:
9780191785979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717263.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter seeks to provide a quick introduction to satellite remote sensing. It starts with a set of definitions, thereby to explain the differences between Earth observations, remote sensing, and ... More


Alhacen and the Grand Synthesis

A. Mark Smith

in From Sight to Light: The Passage from Ancient to Modern Optics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174761
eISBN:
9780226174938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174938.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

At the most general level, this chapter aims to show that Ibn al-Haytham’s Kitāb al-Manāẓir (“Book of Optics”) is best understood as a systematic elaboration on Ptolemy’s Optics according to a ... More


Glucose Detection from Skin Dielectric Measurements

Andreas Caduff and Marks Talary

in Dielectric Relaxation in Biological Systems: Physical Principles, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686513
eISBN:
9780191766398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686513.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter describes a biomedical application of dielectric spectroscopy for glucose detection from skin measurements. The chapter begins with a brief overview of diabetes as a disease and its ... More


Future directions

Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Tranter Martyn, and Hodson Andrew J.

in The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199583072
eISBN:
9780191774669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

The concept of the cryosphere being a biome has only recently gained acceptance. The study of the ecology of these extreme environments is relatively new and demands novel approaches. This chapter ... More


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