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Pretest Sensitization 1

Robert E. Lana

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses research designs in which subjects are measured on the dependent variable before and after the treatment has been implemented, and the concern is that pretest measurement may ... More


Neurons and Simple Memory Circuits

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778614
eISBN:
9780199932962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes some of the key fundamental concepts about the anatomy and physiology of neurons, including the molecular basis of the unusual electrical properties of neurons, different ... More


Identifying Three Ideal Types

Mick Fryer

in Ethics and Organizational Leadership: Developing a Normative Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199590186
eISBN:
9780191724947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590186.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter draws on empirical data to illustrate three ideal-type ways of thinking about an organizational leader's role in relation to ethics: those of the Company Advocate, the Moral Crusader, ... More


Photographic Science: Advances in Nanoparticles, J-Aggregates, Dye Sensitization, and Organic Devices

Tadaaki Tani

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572953
eISBN:
9780191731266
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572953.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book is composed of two parts: progresses in photographic science (Part I) and application of photographic science to new areas (Part II). Part I describes the accumulated knowledge of ... More


Organic Semiconductors and J-Aggregated Dyes

Tadaaki Tani

in Photographic Science: Advances in Nanoparticles, J-Aggregates, Dye Sensitization, and Organic Devices

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572953
eISBN:
9780191731266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572953.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Structure, property, and performance of organic semiconductors are analyzed in light of those of J-aggregated dyes on AgX grains for color films, including molecular alignment in their layers, ... More


Introduction to Photographic Science

Tadaaki Tani

in Photographic Science: Advances in Nanoparticles, J-Aggregates, Dye Sensitization, and Organic Devices

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572953
eISBN:
9780191731266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572953.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In this chapter, an explanation of fundamental processes in silver halide (AgX) photographic materials is followed by the description of various aspects of photographic science, including the outline ... More


Processes for Photographic Sensitivity

Tadaaki Tani

in Photographic Science: Advances in Nanoparticles, J-Aggregates, Dye Sensitization, and Organic Devices

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572953
eISBN:
9780191731266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572953.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The formation mechanisms and performance of Ag clusters (latent image centers) on AgX grains are described as reference for those of metal nanoparticles. On exposure to light, an electron and an ... More


Dye Sensitization for Solar Cells and Color Films

Tadaaki Tani

in Photographic Science: Advances in Nanoparticles, J-Aggregates, Dye Sensitization, and Organic Devices

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572953
eISBN:
9780191731266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572953.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Comparisons in the performance of dye sensitization between color films and dye-sensitized solar cells are made to indicate the subjects to be examined for enhancing the capability of the latter. ... More


Neurophysiology

Martin Schmelz and Hermann O. Handwerker

in Pruritus in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198525103
eISBN:
9780191730238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525103.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

The previous chapter revealed that pruritus and itch have the same meaning. This chapter discusses the neurophysiology of itch, beginning with pain pathways and the main afferent ‘itch-neurons’. ... More


Targetive Cues to a Target

Leonard Talmy

in The Targeting System of Language

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262036979
eISBN:
9780262343169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036979.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Targetive cues are properties exhibited by a speaker’s intended target itself. They help guide the hearer toward singling that target out. Where the target is speech-external, the targetive cues are ... More


Incentive Salience in Addiction and Over-Consumption

Michael J. F. Robinson, Terry E. Robinson, and Kent C. Berridge

in The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027670
eISBN:
9780262325387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027670.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Incentive salience (‘wanting’) normally provides an ‘oomph’ that spurs attention to and motivation for objects of desire. But when amplified excessively by brain mesolimbic sensitization, a set of ... More


Drug Addiction as Incentive Sensitization

Kent C. Berridge and Terry E. Robinson

in Addiction and Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015509
eISBN:
9780262295635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015509.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on and provides a general overview of the incentive-sensitization theory of addiction. Through the years, it has been gradually recognized that drugs can cause complex changes in ... More


Stress and Sensitization in Chronic Pain

Dieuwke S. Veldhuijzen, Henriët van Middendorp, and Andrea W. M. Evers

in Motivational Perspectives on Chronic Pain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190627898
eISBN:
9780190627928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190627898.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Stress and sensitization are central concepts in chronic pain. Both can be a consequence and a contributor to the pain experience. This chapter describes the psychobiology of stress and sensitization ... More


Living in the Moment

Robert Aunger and Valerie Curtis

in Gaining Control: How human behavior evolved

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199688951
eISBN:
9780191799334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688951.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter deals with the first stage of development in new means of controlling behavior, which we call reactive. There are several kinds of reactive behavior, depending on the kind of end-state ... More


the akratic melancholic

Jennifer Radden

in Melancholic Habits: Burton's Anatomy & the Mind Sciences

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199348190
eISBN:
9780199348213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348190.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

For curbing the aberrant tendencies of the melancholic, Burton appeals to the Stoics. Controlling the passions is hampered by the sensual appeal of melancholic habits—especially idle and solitary ... More


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