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Estimating and Applying Uncertainty in Assessment models

Thomas B. Kirchner

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses probabilistic methods for conducting uncertainty analysis, methods that can be use to evaluate both local and global sensitivity of models to parameters, and issues related to ... More


Developing predictive models

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The effective management of natural resources use requires a mechanistic understanding of the system, not just correlations between variables of the kind discussed in Chapter 4. Understanding may ... More


Incomplete sensitivities

Bijan Mohammadi and Olivier Pironneau

in Applied Shape Optimization for Fluids

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546909
eISBN:
9780191720482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546909.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter discusses incomplete sensitivity. Incomplete sensitivity means that during sensitivity evaluation, only the deformation of the geometry is accounted for and the change of the state ... More


Sensitivity Analysis

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.15
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Sensitivity analysis is an essential element of decision analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis. This chapter shows how to do sensitivity analysis. It describes one-way, two-way, and three-way ... More


Other approaches for hidden bias*

Myoung-Jae Lee

in Micro-Econometrics for Policy, Program and Treatment Effects

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199267699
eISBN:
9780191603044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267693.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter continues the discussion of the preceding chapter on how to deal with hidden bias caused by unobserved differences between the treatment (T) and control (C) groups. The preceding chapter ... More


Assessing Bias and Variations in Effects

Julia H. Littell, Jacqueline Corcoran, and Vijayan Pillai

in Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326543
eISBN:
9780199864959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

There are several ways to detect publication bias and assess its influence in a meta-analysis. This chapter identifies out-dated methods and describes current approaches. It discusses cumulative ... More


Sensitivity evaluation and automatic differentiation

Bijan Mohammadi and Olivier Pironneau

in Applied Shape Optimization for Fluids

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546909
eISBN:
9780191720482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546909.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter describes sensitivity analysis and automatic differentiation (AD). These include the theory, then an object oriented library for AD by operator overloading, and finally the authors' ... More


Cost-effectiveness studies

Judith Bosmans, Martijn Heymans, Maarten Hupperets, and Maurits van Tulder

in Sports Injury Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199561629
eISBN:
9780191722479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561629.003.015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Next to preventing injuries, it is of increasing interest to have some idea on the cost aspects of injuries and the prevention thereof. What does an injury cost in terms of direct medical costs and ... More


Realism about Agents: Resources

Paul Weirich

in Realistic Decision Theory: Rules for Nonideal Agents in Nonideal Circumstances

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780195171259
eISBN:
9780199834976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517125X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In some decision problems, even after reflection, relevant probabilities and utilities are indeterminate. Then a rational decision maximizes utility with respect to a quantization of beliefs and ... More


Sensitivity Analysis of a Human Head Movement Model

Andreas C. Arlt, Wolfgang H. Zangemeister, and JÜrgen Dee

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0060
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This paper explains the results of Zangemeister et al. The experimental and modeling results of Hannaford et al. were also reassessed with respect to normally fast and very fast time-optimal ... More


Unequal Attrition under Different Types of Follow-Up

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a framework for the prevention and control of bias due to unequal attrition in cohort studies. Like the effects of third-variable confounding, the effects of unequal attrition ... More


A Control-Theoretic Interpretation of Metabolic Control Analysis

Brian P. Ingalls

in Control Theory and Systems Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013345
eISBN:
9780262258906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013345.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter describes the implications of network stoichiometry for sensitivity analysis. It reinterprets the main results of metabolic control analysis (MCA) from the point of view of engineering ... More


Multidimensional child poverty in Tanzania: analysis of situation, changes and sensitivity of thresholds1

Alberto Minujin and Enrique Delamonica

in Global Child Poverty and Well-being: Measurement, Concepts, Policy and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9781847424822
eISBN:
9781447307235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424822.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Tanzania has traditionally been an egalitarian society. However, the debt crisis of the 1980s and the ensuing adjustment policies period proved detrimental to equity. The economic recovery recently ... More


Reflecting Uncertainty in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Mark J. Sculpher, Anirban Basu, Karen M. Kuntz, and David O. Meltzer

in Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190492939
eISBN:
9780190492960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492939.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The key objective of uncertainty analysis is to support better decision making. Uncertainty analysis can help inform the standard decision options of “accept” or “reject,” but extend these options to ... More


Robustness and Sensitivity Analyses in Cellular Networks

Jason E. Shoemaker, Peter S. Chang, Eric C. Kwei, Stephanie R. Taylor, and Francis J. Doyle III

in Control Theory and Systems Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013345
eISBN:
9780262258906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013345.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces the useful model-analytic tools of both sensitivity analysis and structured singular value analysis and their application to cellular networks. It reviews the Nyquist ... More


Confidence Intervals

Dale W. Jorgenson, Richard J. Goettle, Mun S. Ho, and Peter J. Wilcoxen

in Double Dividend: Environmental Taxes and Fiscal Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027090
eISBN:
9780262318563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027090.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes a method for constructing confidence intervals for general equilibrium model results using the covariance matrices routinely computed in the course of estimating the model's ... More


Analysis of Game-Theoretic Solutions in RICE

Zili Yang

in Strategic Bargaining and Cooperation in Greenhouse Gas Mitigations: An Integrated Assessment Modeling Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262240543
eISBN:
9780262286510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262240543.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the properties of game-theoretic solutions in RICE through sensitivity analysis from an incentive perspective. The issues include intertemporal stability of the grand coalition ... More


The Role of Modeling in Systems Biology

Douglas B. Kell and Joshua D. Knowles

in System Modeling in Cellular Biology: From Concepts to Nuts and Bolts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195485
eISBN:
9780262257060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195485.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter discusses some of the reasons for seeking to model complex cellular biological systems. It begins by presenting a philosophical overview and historical context. It then considers the ... More


The Birthday Problem: Bayesian Inference with Multiple Discrete Hypotheses

Therese M. Donovan and Ruth M. Mickey

in Bayesian Statistics for Beginners: a step-by-step approach

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841296
eISBN:
9780191876820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841296.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The “Birthday Problem” expands consideration from two hypotheses to multiple, discrete hypotheses. In this chapter, interest is in determining the posterior probability that a woman named Mary was ... More


Other sparsity-oriented issues

I. S. Duff, A. M. Erisman, and J. K. Reid

in Direct Methods for Sparse Matrices

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198508380
eISBN:
9780191746420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508380.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

We consider solving a problem that is closely related to one that we have previously solved or whose parts have previously been solved. We study backward error analysis for sparse problems, obtaining ... More


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