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High Court Seniority

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0030
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses seniority on the high courts. Nearly half of those promoted to the SCI were high court chief justices. More than 80 per cent (85.2 per cent during the first period, 82.4 per ... More


Age and Tenure

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0031
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines age and tenure in the SCI. The average age of appointment to the SCI was 58.5. The age of appointees depended to some extent on who was the CJI. There is, of course, some ... More


The seniority of Polyneikes in Aeschylus' Seven

Alan H. Sommerstein

in The Tangled Ways of Zeus: And Other Studies In and Around Greek Tragedy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199568314
eISBN:
9780191723018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568314.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter, noting that different versions of the story of Oedipus' sons Eteokles and Polyneikes make different assumptions about their relative age, seeks evidence bearing on this question in ... More


The Internal Labour System

Hiroyuki Odagiri

in Growth through Competition, Competition through Growth: Strategic Management and the Economy in Japan

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288732
eISBN:
9780191596711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288735.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The chapter begins by discussing the myth and reality of the so‐called ’three pillars’ of the Japanese internal labour system ‐ lifetime employment, the seniority system, and enterprise unionism. It ... More


The Dual Labour Market Hypothesis and the Japanese Labour Market

Tsuneo Ishikawa

in Income and Wealth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288626
eISBN:
9780191596469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828862X.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

What kind of contribution will the theories developed so far make to an understanding of the working of the labour market? From among the various important topics concerning the Japanese labour ... More


Learning from Welfare Reforms: The Case of Public Pensions

Tito Boeri, Agar Brugiavini, Lars Calmfors, Alison Booth, Michael Burda, Daniele Checchi, Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Richard Freeman, Pietro Garibaldi, Bertil Holmlund, Robin Naylor, Martin Schludi, Thierry Verdier, and Jelle Visser

in The Role of Unions in the Twenty-first Century: A Report for the Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246588
eISBN:
9780191596001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246580.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Provides a detailed account of the position of unions on pension reforms across Europe. This example is regarded as a major indicator establishing whether unions have a truly solidaristic approach in ... More


Conclusions

Tito Boeri, Agar Brugiavini, Lars Calmfors, Alison Booth, Michael Burda, Daniele Checchi, Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Richard Freeman, Pietro Garibaldi, Bertil Holmlund, Robin Naylor, Martin Schludi, Thierry Verdier, and Jelle Visser

in The Role of Unions in the Twenty-first Century: A Report for the Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246588
eISBN:
9780191596001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246580.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Summarizes the main findings of this part of the report, stressing how the seniority bias in unions leads to economic outcomes that are more favourable to older workers. It analyses the ways in which ... More


Committees

William McKay and Charles W. Johnson

in Parliament and Congress: Representation and Scrutiny in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199273621
eISBN:
9780191594281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273621.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, UK Politics

Parliamentary legislative and scrutiny committees are distinct. The latter—select committees—are composed of backbenchers, bipartisan and ideally independent of government or Opposition. Prominent in ... More


Capital Structure Decisions of a Public Company

Oliver Hart

in Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288817
eISBN:
9780191596353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288816.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In a public company, ownership is dispersed among numerous small shareholders. In this context, day‐to‐day control is delegated to managers, and individual shareholders have little or no incentives ... More


The Men at the Top

TOM BURNS and G. M. STALKER

in The Management of Innovation

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288787
eISBN:
9780191684630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288787.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses the role of the managing director and examines how he defines the organizational structure and degree of commitment in the working organization. It is concerned with the extent ... More


MULTIPARTICLE CONFIGURATIONS

R. F. Casten

in Nuclear Structure from a Simple Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507246
eISBN:
9780191709333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507246.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses multiparticle (n > 2) configurations of valence nucleons. The discussion begins by considering which values of the total angular momentum are permissible for an n-particle ... More


The Informal Constitution: Unwritten Criteria in Selecting Judges for the Supreme Court of India

Abhinav Chandrachud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198098560
eISBN:
9780199082971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198098560.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Between 1950–2009, 189 judges (including 37 Chief Justices) served on the Supreme Court of India, one of the world’s most powerful courts. Not enough is known about who these judges were and the ... More


Promotion and Patronage

Henry Reece

in The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198200635
eISBN:
9780191746284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200635.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Military History

Establishing what kinds of officers were promoted, what criteria were used to justify promotions, and who controlled promotions at senior level provides the historian with important insights into the ... More


Introducing Oledai

Ben Jones

in Beyond the State in Rural Uganda

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635184
eISBN:
9780748652990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635184.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

This chapter introduces Oledai in much greater detail, and discusses some of the themes and ideas that are used to guide later chapters. A vocabulary of seniority, prosperity and propriety is put ... More


The Commission in the EU Institutional System: A Citadel under Siege

Hussein Kassim

in The European Commission of the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199599523
eISBN:
9780191751530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599523.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter focuses on the constituency of Commission officials who support the ‘Community method’ – a conception of the EU that places the Commission at the heart of European integration. It finds ... More


Being older

Bill Bytheway

in Unmasking age: The significance of age for social research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426185
eISBN:
9781447304128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426185.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Early in life, we learn the distinction between childhood and adulthood and as we pass through the former, through educational institutions in particular, we learn to appreciate and accept the ... More


Rewards

S. K. Das

in Public Office, Private Interest: Bureaucracy and Corruption in India

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195653823
eISBN:
9780199081561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195653823.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter evaluates the reward system of the civil service in India. The reward system is an important source of motivation for civil servants to avoid corruption and it can take the form of ... More


Women as Cheap Labor: Salaries, Promotions, Ghettos, and the Culture of Woman Blaming

Kumiko Nemoto

in Too Few Women at the Top: The Persistence of Inequality in Japan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702488
eISBN:
9781501706219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702488.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter looks at how major Japanese management and employment practices—seniority pay and promotion, track hiring, and household benefits—work against women's upward mobility and reify sex ... More


The Power of the One-Party South in National Politics: Segregation in the Career of J. William Fulbright

Neal Allen

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

As an elected official from Arkansas, J. William Fulbright was a consistent opponent of civil rights legislation throughout his career. While this opposition was often in conflict with his liberal ... More


Promotion: Dynastic Dominance in the Cabinet

Daniel M. Smith

in Dynasties and Democracy: The Inherited Incumbency Advantage in Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503605053
eISBN:
9781503606401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605053.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter evaluates the advantage of dynastic ties in promotion to cabinet. Before 1970, legacy members of parliament—particularly those whose predecessors had served in cabinet—were ... More


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