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Microcavities

Alexey Kavokin, Jeremy J. Baumberg, Guillaume Malpuech, and Fabrice P. Laussy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199228942
eISBN:
9780191711190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228942.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The rapid development of microfabrication and assembly of nanostructures has opened up many opportunities to miniaturize structures that confine light, producing unusual and extremely interesting ... More


Concepts in Spin Electronics

Sadamichi Maekawa (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nowadays, information technology is based on semiconductor and ferromagnetic materials. Information processing and computation are performed using electron charge in semiconductor transistors and ... More


Semiconductor Detector Systems

Helmuth Spieler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Semiconductor sensors patterned at the micron scale combined with custom-designed integrated circuits have revolutionized semiconductor radiation detector systems. Designs covering many square meters ... More


RECOLLECTIONS

Elias Burstein

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter includes recollections by Elias Burstein about his meetings with L. V. Keldysh in 1960s. It describes research links between US and USSR condensed matter physicists over four decades ... More


Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a systematic interdisciplinary account of two epochal trends: the history of the 20th century’s technical transformation based on the unprecedented surge of innovation that took place in ... More


IPR and the Catch-Up Process in Japan

Hiroyuki Odagiri, Akira Goto, and Atsushi Sunami

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses the experience of Japan, whose catch‐up efforts started after the Meiji Restoration of 1868 that established the modern central government. It also had the second catch‐up ... More


IPR and Catch‐Up: The Case of Taiwan's IC Industry

Hsueh‐Liang Wu, Yi‐Chia Chiu, and Ting‐Lin Lee

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter illustrates how the changing roles of intellectual property right regime affected the technological catch‐up of Taiwan, analyzing the case of three semiconductor‐related sectors: IC ... More


Changing Boundaries of Firms in the Evolution of the Computer Industry: Towards a History‐Friendly Model

Franco Malerba, Richard Nelson, Luigi Orsenigo, and Sidney Winter

in Flexibility and Stability in the Innovating Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290475
eISBN:
9780191603495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290474.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter analyzes the changing boundaries of firms in terms of vertical integration and dis-integration (specialization) in dynamic and uncertain technological and market environments. In ... More


Quantum Dot Lasers

Victor M. Ustinov, Alexey E. Zhukov, Anton Yu. Egorov, and Nikolai A. Maleev

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526797
eISBN:
9780191712081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526797.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book is devoted to the physics and technology of diode lasers based on self-organized quantum dots (QD). It addresses the fundamental and technology aspects of QD edge-emitting and ... More


Manufacturing Practices in Information Technology Industries: Semiconductors, Hard Disk Drives, and Software

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes how computers came into three information technology industries: semiconductors, hard disk drives, and software, for doing the work of each. It describes applications, how work ... More


Technology management and competitiveness in the Japanese semiconductor industry 1

Takashi Yunogami

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter argues that the quality regime ultimately deriving from NTT (and the Japanese government, as customer) may have been vital in the ascent of DRAMs in the 1980s, as in telecoms, but it ... More


Chemical Bonding in Condensed Phases

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter starts off with the classification of solids, then discusses the various types of bonding or interaction in solids, including ionic bonding, metallic bonding, covalent bonding (band ... More


Nanobiosensors

Tza‐Huei Wang, Kelvin Liu, Hsin‐Chih Yeh, and Christopher M. Puleo

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter discusses and provides insight into state of the art nanobiosensors used in high sensitivity molecular analysis and detection. It begins with an introduction into the fundamental ... More


Apprenticeship

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the career and achievements of William Shockley. Shockley held more than fifty patents for electronic devices, and by one estimate was personally responsible for nearly “half ... More


Breakaway

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts the group of eight scientists' move from Shockley Semiconductor Labs to Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation, which was established under an agreement with Fairchild Camera and ... More


A Strange Little Upstart

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Robert Noyce's unconventional management approach at Fairchild Semiconductor. In the mid-1960s, Fairchild Semiconductor was not a typical semiconductor company. Andy Grove, ... More


Startup

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts Noyce's departure from Fairchild Semiconductor and his decision to launch a new company with Gordon Moore, which they named Intel. Noyce and Moore wanted potential investors to ... More


Political Entrepreneurship

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts the end of the Intel-centered phase of Noyce's career and the start of his new one in the service of the American semiconductor industry. In the late 1970s, Japanese ... More


Managing Intellectual Capital: Organizational, Strategic, and Policy Dimensions

David J. Teece

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295426
eISBN:
9780191596964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295421.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The profitability and growth of business firms is increasingly dependent upon the development and astute deployment of intangible (knowledge) assets. Wealth creation in an open world economy depends ... More


Metals and quantum wires

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses conductivity in metals and semiconductor heterostructures. It aims to exhibit the similarities to nuclear transport problems. Semi-classical transport equations are used and ... More


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