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Manufacturing Practices in Information Technology Industries: Semiconductors, Hard Disk Drives, and Software

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes how computers came into three information technology industries: semiconductors, hard disk drives, and software, for doing the work of each. It describes applications, how work ... More


Technology management and competitiveness in the Japanese semiconductor industry 1

Takashi Yunogami

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter argues that the quality regime ultimately deriving from NTT (and the Japanese government, as customer) may have been vital in the ascent of DRAMs in the 1980s, as in telecoms, but it ... More


Changing Boundaries of Firms in the Evolution of the Computer Industry: Towards a History‐Friendly Model

Franco Malerba, Richard Nelson, Luigi Orsenigo, and Sidney Winter

in Flexibility and Stability in the Innovating Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290475
eISBN:
9780191603495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290474.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter analyzes the changing boundaries of firms in terms of vertical integration and dis-integration (specialization) in dynamic and uncertain technological and market environments. In ... More


Political Entrepreneurship

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts the end of the Intel-centered phase of Noyce's career and the start of his new one in the service of the American semiconductor industry. In the late 1970s, Japanese ... More


A Strange Little Upstart

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Robert Noyce's unconventional management approach at Fairchild Semiconductor. In the mid-1960s, Fairchild Semiconductor was not a typical semiconductor company. Andy Grove, ... More


R&D Organization in Japanese and American Semiconductor Firms

Daniel I. Okimoto and Yoshio Nishi

in The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288152
eISBN:
9780191684579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288152.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter deals with the organizational aspect on the semiconductor industry. It addresses an interesting question that arises from close observations of this particular industry, but could be of ... More


Public Startup

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts Noyce's decision to take a break from his retirement to run SEMATECH, a semiconductor manufacturing consortium supported by the Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA). Noyce ... More


Managing the Development and Transfer of Process Technologies in the Semiconductor Manufacturing Industry

Melissa M. Appleyard, Nile W. Hatch, and David C. Mowery

in The Nature and Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248544
eISBN:
9780191596155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248540.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

A considerable literature on firm‐level differences in capabilities deals with product innovation, whereas intra‐firm management of process innovation has received less attention. This paper analyses ... More


Startup

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts Noyce's departure from Fairchild Semiconductor and his decision to launch a new company with Gordon Moore, which they named Intel. Noyce and Moore wanted potential investors to ... More


Limited Inquiry and Intelligent Adaptation in Semiconductor Manufacturing

M. Thérèse Flaherty

in The Nature and Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248544
eISBN:
9780191596155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248540.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter deals with learning and effective control in semiconductor manufacturing. This industry incorporates extraordinarily complex technologies, in which there are many different processes ... More


Traditionalist Views and the Emergence of Revisionism

Robert M. Uriu

in Clinton and Japan: The Impact of Revisionism on US Trade Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280568
eISBN:
9780191712814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280568.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

In this chapter the author describes the “traditionalist” view that the Japanese economy was protected but could be opened through trade talks. More importantly, traditionalists argued that trade ... More


International Competition and Market Penetration: A Model of the Growth Strategy of the Korean Semiconductor Industry *

Gerald K. Helleiner (ed.)

in Trade Policy, Industrialization, and Development: New Perspectives

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283591
eISBN:
9780191684456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283591.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter attempts to model the competitive conditions Korean firms faced and their successful entry into a highly dynamic commodity memory market. Semiconductor memory chips are regarded as among ... More


Renewal

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes Robert Noyce's second marriage to Intel's head of personnel Anne Bowers and the failed efforts to unionize semiconductor industry employees in the 1970s and early 1980s. The ... More


The Edge of What's Barely Possible

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts the events that affected Noyce's life and Intel during the 1970s. Topics covered include the meteoric rise of Intel, Noyce's wealth, Noyce extra-marital affair and the breakup ... More


State, Market, and Business Enterprise: Development of the Chinese Integrated Circuit Foundries

Yin Li

in China as an Innovation Nation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198753568
eISBN:
9780191815096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753568.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, International Business

China has the potential to become a strong competitor in the global integrated circuits (IC) industry due to the size of its market and support from the state. This chapter analyzes the models to ... More


APPLICATIONS OF ELECTRON TOMOGRAPHY

Paul A. Midgley, Matthew Weyland, and Heiko Stegmann

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents some applications of electron tomography in materials research and in the semiconductor industry. These include applications in heterogeneous catalyst, polymers, nanotubes and ... More


New Global Competition

Clair Brown and Greg Linden

in Chips and Change: How Crisis Reshapes the Semiconductor Industry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013468
eISBN:
9780262258654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013468.003.0133
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines two popular theories on the shift in competitive advantage, the first of which states that R&D will shift to Asia, just as chip manufacturing has. This is called the ... More


The Global Semiconductor Industry

Clair Brown and Greg Linden

in Chips and Change: How Crisis Reshapes the Semiconductor Industry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013468
eISBN:
9780262258654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013468.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter gives a brief overview of the history of the semiconductor industry; how it has transformed computing, communications, entertainment and industry; and how it has helped in the betterment ... More


Finding Talent

Clair Brown and Greg Linden

in Chips and Change: How Crisis Reshapes the Semiconductor Industry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013468
eISBN:
9780262258654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013468.003.0088
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter closes in on the talent crisis with regards to the US chip industry. Through the globalization of the supply chain as well as the job loss to lower cost foreign engineers, high-tech ... More


Loss of Competitive Advantage

Clair Brown and Greg Linden

in Chips and Change: How Crisis Reshapes the Semiconductor Industry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013468
eISBN:
9780262258654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013468.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter begins with the examination of Japan’s rise to prominence in the semiconductor industry in the 1980s, and discusses the products involved that helped Japanese firms rise to market ... More


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