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Tense, Modality, and Propositions

Jeffrey C. King

in The Nature and Structure of Content

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199226061
eISBN:
9780191710377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226061.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter clarifies the nature of propositions considered as semantic values, the nature of a compositional assignment of semantic values to sentences, and the nature of the circumstances at which ... More


Elementary Cases

Paul M. Pietroski

in Events and Semantic Architecture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199244300
eISBN:
9780191714153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244300.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

One can adopt a Fregean framework for semantics, according to which sentences are compositionally associated with conditional assignments of truth values, without adopting Functionist hypotheses ... More


A Proposed Semantical Solution to the So‐called ‘Problem of Mass Nouns’

Henry Laycock

in Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter takes issue with the common assumption that referential expressions and definite descriptions involving ‘mass nouns’ are semantically singular, thereby designating so-called parcels of ... More


Semantic Necessity *

Kit Fine

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter argues that the semantics for a given language should be taken to be given by a body of semantic requirements — in contrast to the two standard conceptions of a semantics, under which it ... More


Adding a Conditional? Curry and Lukasiewicz

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the Lukasiewicz continuum-valued semantics as a way of improving upon the Kleene semantics as the basis for an account of truth. It is shown that it gives a very nice treatment ... More


The introduction of senses

John Horty

in Frege on Definitions: A Case Study of Semantic Content

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199732715
eISBN:
9780199852628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732715.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Gottlob Frege argued that a single, undifferentiated notion of semantic value would not do. Instead, he insisted that semantic value must be divided into two components and he distinguished them as ... More


Characterizing Temporalism

Berit Brogaard

in Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Mark Richard (1981) calls the thesis that propositions never change their truth-values over time ‘eternalism’ and the opposing view ‘temporalism’. Temporalism is committed to the view that temporal ... More


Semantics and Metasemantics in the Context of Generative Grammar

Seth Yalcin

in Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199669592
eISBN:
9780191784316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669592.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

On the view developed in this chapter, the questions at the core of metasemantic inquiry have less to do with issues about content than is often assumed. Rather, these questions are better framed in ... More


Talk About Properties and Propositions

Thomas Hofweber

in Ontology and the Ambitions of Metaphysics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198769835
eISBN:
9780191822650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769835.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter focuses on the question of whether internalism or externalism is true for talk about properties and propositions. Some of the standard arguments are discussed, in particular the ... More


The Metasemantics of Contextual Sensitivity

Jefrey C. King

in Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199669592
eISBN:
9780191784316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669592.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Some contextually sensitive expressions, here called supplementives, are such that their context‐independent conventional meanings need to be supplemented in context for the expressions to secure ... More


Introduction: A Plea for the Metaphysics of Meaning

Alexis Burgess and Brett Sherman (eds)

in Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199669592
eISBN:
9780191784316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669592.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The main aim of this introductory chapter is to develop a detailed conception of metasemantics. The conception developed rests on a tripartite distin metaphysics of semantic values. Each project is ... More


From Meaning to Content: Issues in Meta-Semantics

François Recanati

in The Science of Meaning: Essays on the Metatheory of Natural Language Semantics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198739548
eISBN:
9780191864100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739548.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

According to a widespread picture due to Kaplan, there are two levels of semantic value: character and content. Character is determined by the grammar, and it determines content with respect to ... More


The Metaphysical Modesty of Narrowly Linguistic Semantics

Kenneth A. Taylor

in Meaning Diminished: Toward Metaphysically Modest Semantics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198803447
eISBN:
9780191841620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803447.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some foundational assumptions of the generative paradigm in linguistic semantics are outlined. It is argued that they do not suffice, on their own, to license the drawing of metaphysically immodest ... More


Context-Free Semantics

Paolo Santorio

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Language Volume 1

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198836568
eISBN:
9780191873744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836568.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

On a traditional view, the semantics of natural language makes essential use of a context parameter, i.e. a set of coordinates that representss the situation of speech. In classical frameworks, this ... More


The Way of Ideas and the Way of Reference

Kenneth A. Taylor

in Meaning Diminished: Toward Metaphysically Modest Semantics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198803447
eISBN:
9780191841620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803447.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the current chapter, I consider two competing metasemantic outlooks and their consequences for the metaphysical modesty or immodesty of first order semantic analysis. The two metasemantic ... More


Conclusion: Farewell to Facts

Arianna Betti

in Against Facts

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029216
eISBN:
9780262329644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029216.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Conclusion sums up Against Facts’ main findings: in part I and II Armstrong’s truthmaker argument and the argument from nominal reference have been shown to be unsound. The two kinds of ... More


Perception and Testimony as Data Providers

Luciano Floridi

in The Logic of Information: A Theory of Philosophy as Conceptual Design

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833635
eISBN:
9780191872068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833635.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The first part of this chapter articulates an answer in terms of a re-interpretation of perception and testimony as data providers rather than full-blown cases of knowledge. But then, if perception ... More


How a Genetic Code Became an Information System

Lily E. Kay

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines first and foremost the emergence of the information discourse in biology at the end of the 1940s, and then follows its instantiation in the later analyses of genetic codes, ... More


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