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Essentialism, Semantic Theory, and Natural Kinds

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Following Nathan Salmon and D. H. Mellor, this chapter argues that natural kind essentialism of the type advocated by Kripke and Putnam is not an inevitable consequence of the adoption of an ... More


The Minimal Theory

Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore

in Language Turned on Itself: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metalinguistic Discourse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199231195
eISBN:
9780191710810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231195.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The following disquotational schema for quotation was noted in Chapter 3: (QS) “e” quotes “e” (where “e” is replaceable by any quotable item). The Minimal Theory of Quotation (MT) is the view that QS ... More


Semantic Field Theory

EVA FEDER KITTAY

in Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242468
eISBN:
9780191680472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242468.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter describes semantic field theory and gives valid points for argument for its inclusion within a complete semantics of natural language. Semantic field theory develops, historically and ... More


Cognitive linguistics

Vyvyan Evans

in How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter situates LCCM Theory in the larger cognitive linguistics enterprise of which it is a part. It begins by introducing cognitive linguistics, and by briefly reviewing its primary ... More


Semantics and Metaphysics

Michael Dummett

in Thought and Reality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207275
eISBN:
9780191708749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207275.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the decision concerning issues such as the logical category of temporal indicators will cause the semantic theory to be adopted: the theory that explains how statements are ... More


Mme Tussaud Meets the Binding Theory

Peter W. Culicover and Ray Jackendoff

in Simpler Syntax

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271092
eISBN:
9780191709418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271092.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter focuses on some phenomena concerning the coding of coreference relations with reflexive pronouns. The issue is the choice between the two following positions: syntactic binding where ... More


On Events in Linguistic Semantics

James Higginbotham

in Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter discusses part of the scientific background that appears to be operative in linguistic semantics, guiding the psychological inquiry, and gives some examples of applications of the ... More


Introduction: Artworld Data and Aesthetic Theory

Robert Kraut

in Artworld Metaphysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228126
eISBN:
9780191711053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228126.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Aesthetic theory occupies a curiously ”marginalized” position on the philosophical map. This chapter identifies two contributing factors: a tendency to collapse the distinction between artworld ... More


Quotation and Context Sensitivity

Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore

in Language Turned on Itself: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metalinguistic Discourse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199231195
eISBN:
9780191710810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231195.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The thesis of Quotation Context Sensitivity (QCS) states that: let S be a sentence with a quotation Q. Two utterances, u and u', of S can express different propositions because Q in u and in u' ... More


On Semantic Universals and Typology

Emmon Bach and Wynn Chao

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Starting from the assumption that syntactic categories can be universally identified or correlated (whether or not they are instantiated in every languages), this chapter investigates the relation ... More


Introduction: The Frege Model and Beyond

Stephen J Barker

in Renewing Meaning: A Speech-Act Theoretic Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199263660
eISBN:
9780191601354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263663.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I identify the Frege model as the cluster of views affirming the sense/force distinction, compositional truth-conditional semantics, and quantification theory as a necessary component in any analysis ... More


Outline of a theory of strongly semantic information

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter applies and further supports the conclusion reached in chapter five by presenting a quantitative theory of strongly semantic information (TSSI) based on truth-values rather than ... More


What Model‐Theoretic Semantics Cannot Do

Ernest Lepore

in Meaning, Mind, and Matter: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199580781
eISBN:
9780191595264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580781.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

What form should a semantic theory assume? What kinds of procedures for presenting meaning and truth conditions should a semantic theory take if it is to characterize successfully the linguistic ... More


Semantic Analysis

Adrienne Lehrer

in Wine and Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307931
eISBN:
9780199867493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

A semantic theory must account for both how words are related to other words (intralinguistic connections) and how words connect to the world. Semantic field theory, which is appropriate for ... More


Alternative Logics and the Role of Truth in the Interpretation of Languages

Jody Azzouni

in New Essays on Tarski and Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199296309
eISBN:
9780191712272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296309.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Tarski-style theories of truth are drafted by many semanticists into providing truth-conditional semantic theories for languages. Universally assumed by practitioners in this area of semantics is ... More


Word-Meaning and Opacity

Michael Morris

in The Good and the True

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter makes a programmatic showing how an evaluative theory of content can meet two constraints: the right substitution conditions for belief contexts, and what it is for words to be ... More


Jackson's Classical Model of Meaning

Laura Schroeter and John Bigelow

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Jackson often writes as if his account of public language meanings in terms of descriptivist conventions were just plain common sense. How else are we to explain how different speakers manage to ... More


Tensed Thoughts

James Higginbotham

in Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter considers the question of how tensed thoughts differ from tenseless ones, and cites certain parallels between tense in thought and tense in language, with consequences for semantic ... More


True to the Facts

Donald Davidson

in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Davidson explores whether the semantic concept of truth utilized in Essay 2 (i.e. a theory of truth recursively defined on satisfaction) can be developed into a ‘correspondence’ theory of truth, i.e. ... More


Computational Science

Paul Humphreys

in Extending Ourselves: Computational Science, Empiricism, and Scientific Method

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195158700
eISBN:
9780199785964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158709.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Computational science involves a new kind of scientific method. The concepts of a computational template and a computational model are introduced as alternatives to scientific theories and laws, and ... More


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