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Neostructuralist Semantics

Dirk Geeraerts

in Theories of Lexical Semantics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198700302
eISBN:
9780191706288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198700302.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The fourth chapter describes neostructuralist semantics. Under this heading, we bring together the miscellaneous set of contemporary approaches that extrapolate the major types of structuralist ... More


Universals and Variation in the Lexicon of Mental State Concepts

Cliff Goddard

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) is a system of meaning analysis that is a powerful analytical tool for understanding the mental state concepts of different languages. This chapter begins with ... More


English: Meaning and Culture

Anna Wierzbicka

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

English is the most widely-spoken language in the world, and it is rapidly becoming a global lingua franca. But it is not culturally neutral: like any other language, it carries with it a cultural ... More


A Piece of Cheese, a Grain of Sand:: The Semantics of Mass Nouns and Unitizers

Cliff Goddard

in Kinds, Things, and Stuff: Mass Terms and Generics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195382891
eISBN:
9780199870493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382891.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter follows up earlier work of Cliff Goddard and Anna Wierzbicka in which they argued that there are numerous, subtly different, subclasses of mass nouns. These different subclasses ... More


Ethnosyntax, Ethnopragmatics, Sign-Functions, and Culture

CLIFF GODDARD

in Ethnosyntax: Explorations in Grammar and Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199266500
eISBN:
9780191719363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266500.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter articulates and discusses the concept of ethnosyntax from the standpoint of the natural semantic metalanguage (NSM) theory of Anna Wierzbicka and colleagues. It recognizes two senses of ... More


Sentence meaning and lexical meaning

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

A new definition is given of sign, sentence meaning, and word meaning. The qualia problem is discussed and all lexical words are considered predicates. A way out is shown for the problem of the ... More


Words and Meanings: Lexical Semantics Across Domains, Languages, and Cultures

Cliff Goddard and Anna Wierzbicka

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668434
eISBN:
9780191748691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668434.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

This book presents a series of systematic, empirically based studies of word meanings. Each chapter investigates key expressions drawn from different domains of the lexicon – concrete, abstract, ... More


Comparing the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) approach to emotion and the GRID paradigm1

Zhengdao Ye

in Components of Emotional Meaning: A sourcebook

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199592746
eISBN:
9780191762765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592746.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Three important starting points of the GRID paradigm are that (a) the words and expressions ordinary people use to talk about their emotional experience are central to emotion research, (b) emotions ... More


The Story of right and wrong and Its Cultural Implications

Anna Wierzbicka

in English: Meaning and Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

One of the most interesting phenomena in the history of the English language is the remarkable rise of the word right, in its many interrelated senses and uses. This chapter tries to trace the ... More


Speaking about God in Universal Words, Thinking about God outside English

Anna Wierzbicka

in Religion, Language, and the Human Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190636647
eISBN:
9780190636678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190636647.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The chapter argues that vocabulary that is not intelligible to many “ordinary speakers” and not translatable into most languages of the world imprisons its users in a conceptual space defined by ... More


The semantics of demonyms in English: , and

Michael Roberts

in The Semantics of Nouns

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198736721
eISBN:
9780191800382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198736721.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter explores the semantics of demonyms, as they are used in the English language, and demonstrates using the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) that demonyms can be divided into a number of ... More


Cognitive semantics and the semiological function of language

Patrick Duffley

in Linguistic Meaning Meets Linguistic Form

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198850700
eISBN:
9780191885648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850700.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter provides a critical examination of the cognitive approach, which claims to follow a semiological or symbolic principle according to which the fundamental role of language is to allow the ... More


Epilogue

James McElvenny

in Language and Meaning in the Age of Modernism: C.K. Ogden and His Contemporaries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474425032
eISBN:
9781474444859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474425032.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter closes the book by tracing the development of its key themes from the end of World War II up to the present day. In particular, different attitudes and approaches to the study of meaning ... More


The meanings of ‘angel’ in English, Arabic, and Hebrew

Sandy Habib

in The Semantics of Nouns

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198736721
eISBN:
9780191800382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198736721.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter explores the meanings of English angels and its Arabic and Hebrew near-equivalents. Using the Natural Semantic Metalanguage theory, semantic analysis is carried out, and an explication ... More


The semantics of standing-water places in English, French, and Pitjantjatjara/Yankunytjatjara

Helen Bromhead

in The Semantics of Nouns

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198736721
eISBN:
9780191800382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198736721.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter examines the semantics of selected words for standing-water places in English, French, and the Australian Aboriginal language Pitjantjatjara/Yankunytjatjara. It uses standing-water ... More


Linguistic Meaning Meets Linguistic Form

Patrick Duffley

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198850700
eISBN:
9780191885648
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850700.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book steers a middle course between two opposing conceptions that currently dominate the field of semantics, the logical and cognitive approaches. It brings to light the inadequacies of both ... More


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