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Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Gillian Russell

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The analytic/synthetic distinction looks simple. It is a distinction between two different kinds of sentence: synthetic sentences are true in part because of the way the world is, and in part because ... More


Semantic Answers To Skepticism

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a reconstruction of Putnam that is simpler than that considered in Chapter 7. It argues that this new version of the argument is more promising than the earlier version.


Locke as a Social Externalist

Martin Lenz

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

What determines the meaning of linguistic expressions: the mental states of language users or external factors? John Locke is still taken to hold the simple thesis that words primarily signify the ... More


Semantic externalism

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that semantic externalism falls out of our own practices of investigation and referring. This is no surprise: Putnam’s advocation of semantic externalism was always distinctly ... More


Introduction

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces and motivates study of the analytic/synthetic distinction, and provides a brief history of that distinction. It also contains some preliminaries which will be of use in the ... More


Introduction

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter sketches the main themes of the book. These are as follows: Part I concerns the problems and prospects of Kantian anti-sceptical transcendental arguments. Part II concerns ... More


More Arguments Against Analyticity

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter responds to some further arguments against analyticity, including the Regress Argument, arguments based on the widespread phenomenon of vagueness, arguments from semantic externalism and ... More


Which Properties are Represented in Perception?

Susanna Siegel

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What kind of information is found in visual experience, and what kind can be found only in judgments made on its basis? Do we visually experience arrays of colored shapes, variously illuminated, and ... More


What Are We Talking About?: The Semantics and Politics of Social Kinds

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Theorists “analyzing” the concepts of race and gender disagree over whether the terms refer to natural kinds, social kinds, or nothing at all. The question arises what we mean by the terms, and it is ... More


What Good Are Our Intuitions?: Philosophical Analysis and Social Kinds

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In debates over the existence and nature of social kinds such as “race” and “gender”, philosophers often rely heavily on our intuitions about the nature of the kind. Following this strategy, ... More


Essences and Signification: Response to Martin Lenz

Michael Ayers

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that contrary to the thesis of the previous chapter, Locke's theory of meaning, as of knowledge, is explicitly individualistic. He understands a natural language as a construction ... More


Semantic Externalism

István Aranyosi

in The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989607
eISBN:
9780199346349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989607.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Hilary Putnam’s “twin-earth” thought experiment is presented and analyzed. Arguments are presented both against internalism and against externalism as currently understood, namely, as a commitment to ... More


Semantic Content in Aquinas and Ockham

Gyula Klima

in Linguistic Content: New Essays on the History of Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198732495
eISBN:
9780191796715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732495.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, History of Philosophy

In the wake of contemporary turns to externalist theories of mind and language, historians of philosophy have re-evaluated philosophical theories of linguistic content from the past. Motivated in ... More


Facades

Christopher Pincock

in Mathematics and Scientific Representation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199757107
eISBN:
9780199932313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757107.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Mark Wilson’s book Wandering Significance: An Essay on Conceptual Behavior is considered in this chapter. Wilson argues that common views on mathematical and scientific concepts distort our ... More


Coda

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This Coda presents some final thoughts. This book has aimed to obliterate faith in external realism. No alternative faith has been offered. The text has merely rejected external realism arguing that ... More


Two Substantively Moorean Responses and the Project of Refuting Skepticism

Keith DeRose

in The Appearance of Ignorance: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Volume 2

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199564477
eISBN:
9780191846021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199564477.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, substantive Mooreanism, according to which one does know that one is not a brain in a vat, is explained, and two main varieties of it are distinguished. Contextualist Mooreanism, (a) ... More


Definitions

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Definitions have often thought to be crucial to the debate over the analytic/synthetic distinction. They have seemed to provide clear examples of synonymy which are well-entrenched in scientific and ... More


Semantic Internalism and the Grounds of Intentionality

Richard Cross

in Duns Scotus’s Theory of Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199684885
eISBN:
9780191765162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684885.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Scotus rejects the view that the representational content of a cognitive act is fixed by its causal relations to an external object. He holds instead that this content is fixed simply by the internal ... More


Putnam’s brain-in-vat argument

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defines internal realism as a position which accepts the Independence Principle and the Correspondence Principle, but which rejects all forms of Cartesian angst. In order to reject all ... More


Epistemology and the Hypertime Hypothesis

Hud Hudson

in The Fall and Hypertime

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198712695
eISBN:
9780191781025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712695.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

A local skepticism can be articulated along four dimensions—a class of propositions, an epistemic property, a collection of subjects, and a modality. This chapter defends one such local ... More


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