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 A Good Devil's Chaplain: Richard Dawkins

Richard Dawkins

in Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195310726
eISBN:
9780199785179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310726.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Richard Dawkins is a public intellectual and the best-selling author of The Selfish Gene, The Blind Watchmaker, The Ancestor’s Tale, The God Delusion, and many other books. Dawkins, known as an ... More


The Gene's‐Eye View and its Discontents

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the ‘genic’ view of evolution associated with Williams, Dawkins, Maynard Smith, and others. A distinction is drawn between the process of genic selection and a gene's eye ... More


Conflicting messages: genomic imprinting and internal communication

David Haig

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Behavioural ecology and cell biology both use the language of communication and signalling. In cell biology, signaller and receiver are cells of a single body or molecules encoded by a single genome ... More


The extended phenotype within the colony and how it obscures social communication

David P Hughes

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Societies of social insects are paragons of communication. Multiple channels exist between different members and the transmitted information ranges from specifying the location of foraging areas to ... More


or a Repressor Complex: How Junk Became, and Why It Might Remain, Selfish

Thierry Bardini

in Junkware

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816667505
eISBN:
9781452946580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816667505.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins by discussing Richard Dawkins and Jeremy Narby’s take on junk DNA, followed by a review of the 1980 journal Nature to demonstrate how and why Dawkins’s notion of “the selfish ... More


Game Theory without Rationality

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1970s game theory made several appearances in evolutionary biology that led to enduring theoretical traditions within the field – most notably, the concept of an “evolutionarily stable ... More


Programmed Cell Death and the Levels of Selection

Pierre M. Durand

in The Evolutionary Origins of Life and Death

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226747620
eISBN:
9780226747934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226747934.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

At the heart of the debate concerning PCD as an adaptation lies the levels of selection question. PCD can only be selected for if something other than the dying cell is the target of selection. This ... More


Purpose and Cause

Andrew Steane

in Science and Humanity: A Humane Philosophy of Science and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198824589
eISBN:
9780191863370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824589.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The distinction between purpose (‘in order that what?’) and cause (‘owing to what?’) is spelled out. The aim is to unpick the confusion of these concepts that takes place in the writing of Richard ... More


The Domesticated Gene

Douglas Allchin

in Sacred Bovines: The Ironies of Misplaced Assumptions in Biology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190490362
eISBN:
9780197559659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190490362.003.0014
Subject:
Education, Teaching of a Specific Subject

Enough of the “selfish gene,” already. It was a clever mental game, once, to imagine that genes are the ultimate units of evolution. That organisms are no more than a gene’s way of making more ... More


The Gene's-Eye View of Evolution

J. Arvid Ågren

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198862260
eISBN:
9780191895050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862260.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

To many evolutionary biologists, the central challenge of their discipline is to explain adaptation, the appearance of design in the living world. With the theory of evolution by natural selection, ... More


Reciprocity: Solution and Dissolution in Immunology

in The Age of Immunology: Conceiving A Future in an Alienating World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226568126
eISBN:
9780226568140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226568140.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Rosarium Philosophorum, an obscure but extraordinary alchemical text, faithfully adheres to what anthropologists have learned about human change from the study of other cultures. Specifically, an ... More


‘The Toy Theatre’: Uncovering the Story of the Urth Cycle1

Peter Wright

in Attending Daedalus: Gene Wolfe, Artifice and the Reader

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780853238188
eISBN:
9781846312618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853238188.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In this chapter, the hitherto undiscovered story of The Urth Cycle is revealed. Breaking with all current thinking on The Book of the New Sun and The Urth of the New Sun, the chapter argues that The ... More


This is the story of life on Earth

Andrew Briggs, Hans Halvorson, and Andrew Steane

in It Keeps Me Seeking: The Invitation from Science, Philosophy and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198808282
eISBN:
9780191866944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808282.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The story of Earth’s biosphere is looked at in the round, with a view to understanding correctly terminology such as ‘survival of the fittest’, and getting sound metaphors to underpin our ... More


Modes of reproduction

Benjamin B. Normark

in The Evolution of Insect Mating Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199678020
eISBN:
9780191788987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678020.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

Insects display an enormous diversity of genetic systems, including multiple types of obligate parthenogenesis, cyclic and facultative parthenogenesis, and multiple types of haplodiploidy. Obligately ... More


Pointing the Way to Additional Topics

Áki J. Láruson and Floyd A. Reed

in Population Genetics with R: An Introduction for Life Scientists

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198829539
eISBN:
9780191868092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829539.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This concluding chapter highlights many of the concepts that are important to understanding modern-day population genetics research and explains that while they may not have been covered in this ... More


Introduction: Darwinian ecology

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Darwin’s mechanistic explanation for the emergence and maintenance of biological diversity provides the conceptual basis for a self-consistent theory of ecology that relies on a coherent system of ... More


Attending Daedalus: Gene Wolfe, Artifice and the Reader

Peter Wright

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780853238188
eISBN:
9781846312618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853238188.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Attending Daedalus is the first book-length study of Gene Wolfe's four-volume The Book of the New Sun and its sequel, The Urth of the New Sun, known collectively as ‘The Urth Cycle’. Rejecting the ... More


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