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The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism

Abdulaziz Sachedina

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139914
eISBN:
9780199848935
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139914.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book tackles the most significant issues facing Muslims today. As Islam and Muslims enter the 21st century, the book argues, it is necessary to reopen the doors of religious interpretation—to ... More


. The Smile of the Martyr

Anne Marie Oliver and Paul F. Steinberg

in The Road to Martyrs' Square: A Journey into the World of the Suicide Bomber

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305593
eISBN:
9780199850815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305593.003.0038
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Abu–Surur epitomizes “the happy death” touted in countless slogans of the intifada. One gets the impression that his words never felt so wondrous as now, so full of consequence and meaning. The idea ... More


Altruism

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Finding an appropriate way of evaluating altruistic benevolence is a crucial test of a theory of virtue as a sort of intrinsic excellence. Some may think that altruism is sufficiently commended by ... More


Patriotism and the Politics of the Ancients

Maurizio Viroli

in For Love of Country: An Essay On Patriotism and Nationalism

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293583
eISBN:
9780191600289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293585.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Explores the contrast between the ‘politics of the moderns’ and the ‘politics of the ancients’ in eighteenth century republican thought. Montesquieu and Rousseau are two great thinkers who attempted ... More


Social Behavior and Evolutionary Thought

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book demonstrates the generality of inclusive fitness theory, with particular emphasis on its fundamental evolutionary logic. It presents the basic mathematical theory of natural selection and ... More


On Sacrifice

Moshe Halbertal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152851
eISBN:
9781400842353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152851.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The idea and practice of sacrifice play a profound role in religion, ethics, and politics. This book explores the meaning and implications of sacrifice, developing a theory of sacrifice as an ... More


Love's Faithfulness

M. Jamie Ferreira

in Love's Grateful Striving: A Commentary on Kierkegaard's Works of Love

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130256
eISBN:
9780199834181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130251.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Love's fidelity is a continued openness to reconciliation with others. In contrast to poetic love, Christian love makes a commitment to endure. Our behavior is contoured by limits to self‐sacrifice, ... More


Conclusion

M. Jamie Ferreira

in Love's Grateful Striving: A Commentary on Kierkegaard's Works of Love

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130256
eISBN:
9780199834181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130251.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Kierkegaard's account is put into the context of contemporary theological ethics, providing a middle way between Protestant and Roman Catholic traditions, between ethics of self‐sacrifice and ethics ... More


Introduction

Moshe Halbertal

in On Sacrifice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152851
eISBN:
9781400842353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152851.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter distinguishes between the first two senses of sacrifice: “sacrificing to” and “sacrificing for.” Each use leads to a different field of inquiry. “Sacrificing to” engages ... More


Passing: Jesus’ Circumcision and Strategic Self-Sacrifice

Andrew S. Jacobs

in Ancient Mediterranean Sacrifice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738960
eISBN:
9780199918676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738960.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

Discussing Christian applications of the Roman concept of self-sacrifice, Andrew Jacobs analyzes late ancient representations of Jesus’ circumcision, re-interpreted as a form of strategic sacrificial ... More


The Ethics of Self-Sacrifice: What’s Wrong with Suicide Bombing?

Margaret Pabst Battin

in Ending Life: Ethics and the Way We Die

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195140279
eISBN:
9780199850280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140279.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Terrorist attacks have typically involved using young people strapped with explosives, dispatched as ordinary pedestrians to outdoor cafés, buses, seaside resorts, university commons, or anywhere ... More


The Alienation of the Living God

Paul S. Fiddes

in The Creative Suffering of God

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263470
eISBN:
9780191682568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263470.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter considers the second major route of thought to an encounter with the enemy of non-being — the argument from the nature of divine life. It asks whether there is any non-being spoken about ... More


The Story and the Mission

John G. Stackhouse

in Making the Best of It: Following Christ in the Real World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173581
eISBN:
9780199851683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173581.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines biblical views on Christian ethics. It suggests that to obey fully the creation commandments is to live in the Kingdom of God and that Jesus Christ's proclamation of the arrival ... More


“Just as a Mother’s Milk Flows from Her Breasts”: Breastfeeding and Compassionate Deeds

Reiko Ohnuma

in Ties That Bind: Maternal Imagery and Discourse in Indian Buddhism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199915651
eISBN:
9780199950058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915651.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the use of breastfeeding as a metaphor for the compassionate deeds of buddhas and bodhisattvas. It argues that whereas the comparison between a mother’s breastfeeding and the ... More


The Sacrifices of the Innocent

David Cummiskey

in Kantian Consequentialism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195094534
eISBN:
9780199833146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195094530.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is a basic structural feature of consequentialism that (at least in principle) it may sometimes require the sacrifice of the innocent. Chs. 5 and 6 argued that respect for persons involves both ... More


Overview

Garrett Cullity

in The Moral Demands of Affluence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199258116
eISBN:
9780191602221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258112.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The final chapter explains the relationship between the two parts of the book: it explains how Part II has refuted the iterative argument for the Extreme Demand in Part I. It also explains the ... More


Making Patriots

Walter Berns

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226044378
eISBN:
9780226044514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226044514.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Although Samuel Johnson once remarked that “patriotism is the last refuge of scoundrels,” over the course of the history of the United States we have seen our share of heroes: patriots who have ... More


Happiness, Eudaimonia, and Practical Reasoning

Daniel C. Russell

in Happiness for Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583683
eISBN:
9780191745713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583683.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 1 offers an overview of eudaimonism as an approach to happiness, focusing on Aristotle’s account in Nicomachean Ethics I. Eudaimonism consists of two main ideas. First, deliberation requires ... More


The Relevance of Pathological Altruism to Eating Disorders

Rachel Bachner-Melman

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0075
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Much anecdotal, clinical, and research evidence highlights the tendency of individuals with eating disorders to deprive themselves while satisfying others’ needs. A combination of and interaction ... More


Philosophy as Play

Colin McGinn

in Truth by Analysis: Games, Names, and Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856145
eISBN:
9780199919567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856145.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter addresses the question of whether philosophizing is an intrinsically valuable activity. Philosophizing does have intrinsic value as an activity because in philosophy the goal is not ... More


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