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Quantum Dot Lasers

Victor M. Ustinov, Alexey E. Zhukov, Anton Yu. Egorov, and Nikolai A. Maleev

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526797
eISBN:
9780191712081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526797.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book is devoted to the physics and technology of diode lasers based on self-organized quantum dots (QD). It addresses the fundamental and technology aspects of QD edge-emitting and ... More


Constructing for Understanding

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter shows that the artificial system constructed in this study demonstrates how speech codes, sharing important properties with those of humans, could be created in a population of agents in ... More


Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Patrizia d'Ettorre and David P. Hughes (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Communication is the cornerstone of socially interacting groups. This is self-evident for human societies but not for bacterial biofilms, and super-colonies that span whole continents and ... More


The evolution of human communication and language

James R. Hurford

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Human languages are far more complex than any animal communication system. Furthermore, they are learned, rather than innate, a fact which partially accounts for their great diversity. Human ... More


Twelve

Juan Manuel Garrido

in On Time, Being, and Hunger: Challenging the Traditional Way of Thinking Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239351
eISBN:
9780823239399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239351.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter briefly summarizes some achievements of developmental biology. It suggests that the phenomenon of developpment, a traditional refuge for vitalistic theories of life, can in fact be ... More


One

Juan Manuel Garrido

in On Time, Being, and Hunger: Challenging the Traditional Way of Thinking Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239351
eISBN:
9780823239399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239351.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes the temporal-irreversible structure implied in the teleological explanation of natural processes as traditionally understood. Temporal irreversibility in teleological ... More


Artificial Chemistries

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The field of Artificial Life (ALife) is now firmly established in the scientific world, but it has yet to achieve one of its original goals: an understanding of the emergence of life on Earth. The ... More


Agreeing to Differ

John A. Hall

in The Importance of Being Civil: The Struggle for Political Decency

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153261
eISBN:
9781400847495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153261.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents an account of the social origins of civility in the course of an argument distinguishing civility from civil society—or, rather, insisting that civility must be included in the ... More


Diversity of Cortical Functions Is Provided by Inhibition

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

In addition to principal cells, the cerebral cortex contains diverse classes of interneurons that selectively and discriminately innervate various parts of principal cells and each other. The ... More


Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems

Didier Sornette

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175959
eISBN:
9781400885091
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175959.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

The scientific study of complex systems has transformed a wide range of disciplines in recent years, enabling researchers in both the natural and social sciences to model and predict phenomena as ... More


Perspective Alignment in Spatial Language

Luc Steels and Martin Loetzsch

in Spatial Language and Dialogue

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter investigates the role of perspective alignment in the planning and interpretation of spatial language in a series of robotic experiments. It shows which cognitive mechanisms are ... More


Introduction

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter contains introductory remarks and a brief discussion of fundamental challenges in the field of pattern formation in granular media. It also discusses the structure and organization of ... More


BENEFITS AND PERILS OF INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter focuses on material instabilities. Topics discussed include the making and breaking of materials, thermo-chemical fabrication of new materials, thermo-mechanical fabrication of new ... More


RADIATION-INDUCED INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The irradiation of materials with energetic particles may induce drastic changes in their microstructure, and hence may induce important variations in their physicochemical properties. This chapter ... More


SELF-ORGANIZATION OF SURFACE ATOMS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents a method for quantitatively studying the evolution (i.e., nucleation and growth) of the solid phase from the vapour phase. The technical applications of the methods developed is ... More


CONCLUSIONS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This concluding chapter begins with a discussion of universality of self-organization. It then considers the connections between patterns, defects and instabilities; and the dilemma of modeling and ... More


SELF-ASSEMBLY AND SELF-ORGANIZATION OF MATTER

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is about the self-assembly and self-organization of soft matter, and explains how systems can evolve from elementary particles to thinking organisms. Such evolution, like everything ... More


The Fractal Self: Science, Philosophy, and the Evolution of Human Cooperation

John L. Culliney and David Jones

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866617
eISBN:
9780824875763
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866617.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

“The Fractal Self” traces fresh insights on the evolution of the universe from the Big Bang to sociobiology and human culture. The book posits that on every scale, complex structure and function and ... More


Comparing the Continuity Theory to Other Immunological Theories

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter compares the continuity theory that I propose with the other theories available in today’s immunology, including the self-nonself theory, the systemic theory of the immune “network” ... More


Listening for the Secret: The Grateful Dead and the Politics of Improvisation

Ulf Olsson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520286641
eISBN:
9780520961760
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286641.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Popular

During their thirty years of existence, the Grateful Dead produced a musical as well as a cultural heritage that invites and rewards exploration and evaluation. This book engages critical theory in ... More


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