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Hygienic Modernity: Meanings of Health and Disease in Treaty-Port China

Ruth Rogaski

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240018
eISBN:
9780520930605
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240018.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Placing meanings of health and disease at the center of modern Chinese consciousness, this book reveals how hygiene became a crucial element in the formulation of Chinese modernity in the nineteenth ... More


Beyond Nutrients

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter demonstrates that the conventional categorization of food components into “macronutrient,” “micronutrient,” “toxin,” “medicine,” and so on works well from a distance, but on greater ... More


Morbidity and mortality

Vernon Reynolds

in The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest: Ecology, Behaviour and Conservation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515463
eISBN:
9780191705656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515463.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Studies of intestinal parasites show that the Budongo chimpanzees live with numerous gut nematodes which they tolerate well. Self-medication is achieved by swallowing the leaves of Aneilema ... More


Chemical Carrot, Chemical Whip

Geoffrey Campbell Cocks

in The State of Health: Illness in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695676
eISBN:
9780191738616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695676.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

A commercial and consumer society began emerging in Germany before the First World War, and the German chemical and pharmaceutical industry was the most advanced in the world. By 1933, therefore, ... More


The New Corner Store

Nancy Tomes

in Remaking the American Patient: How Madison Avenue and Modern Medicine Turned Patients into Consumers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622774
eISBN:
9781469622798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622774.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on the emergence of a new kind of drugstore that offered a cheaper, friendlier alternative to the doctor's office. As physicians struggled to justify the high cost of their ... More


The Dark Side of Addiction

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The notion that people take drugs to alleviate emotional pain rings intuitively true with patients, treatment providers, and many others. Often referred to as a “self-medication” view of addiction, ... More


Exercise

Charlotte Bates

in Vital Bodies: Living with Illness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781447335047
eISBN:
9781447335092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447335047.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

The second chapter, Exercise, considers the rhythm of our bodies in motion and the complicated relationships between exercise and illness, as both a necessity and a joy. Like eating, the significance ... More


Self-Medication with Cannabis

Arno Hazekamp and George Pappas

in Handbook of Cannabis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199662685
eISBN:
9780191787560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662685.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Self-medication with cannabis seems to be prominent currently, and rising in popularity. Outside the realm of modern medicine, patients find access to a wide range of cannabis varieties and ... More


The influence of parasites

Pedro F. Vale, Jonathon A. Siva-Jothy, André Morrill, and Mark R. Forbes

in Insect Behavior: From Mechanisms to Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198797500
eISBN:
9780191838842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797500.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses insect behavioral responses to parasites. Dividing behaviors conceptually into those that occur before and after infection, we start by reviewing the evidence that insects ... More


Feeding behavior

Stephen J. Simpson, Carlos Ribeiro, and Daniel González-Tokman

in Insect Behavior: From Mechanisms to Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198797500
eISBN:
9780191838842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797500.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Insects need to ingest nutrients at appropriate levels to attain a balanced diet and maximize fitness. They do so by integrated responses that involve physiological mechanisms for sensing current ... More


Rebuilding Pittsburgh (1845–46)

Richard Haw

in Engineering America: The Life and Times of John A. Roebling

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190663902
eISBN:
9780190092870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190663902.003.0012
Subject:
History, Cultural History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Great Fire of Pittsburgh devastated the city, in the process consuming the old wooden Smithfield Street Bridge, leaving only the piers in the river. With John already at work on a similar ... More


Family malaria management in Africa: At the crossroads of social epidemiology and medical anthropology

Carine Baxerres and Jean-Yves Le Hesran

in The Anthropological Demography of Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198862437
eISBN:
9780191895111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862437.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Despite significant progress since the 2000s, malaria remains in Africa a major health problem for families who, in the absence of medical coverage, have to manage all the health problems occurring ... More


Rethinking Prescription Requirements

Jessica Flanigan

in Pharmaceutical Freedom: Why Patients Have a Right to Self Medicate

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190684549
eISBN:
9780190684570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190684549.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Pharmaceutical policy should not discriminate between legitimate and illegitimate drug users, meaning that patients should have access to drugs for medical and non-medical purposes. This principle ... More


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