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The Equilibrium Theory of Inhomogeneous Polymers

Glenn Fredrickson

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567295
eISBN:
9780191717956
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567295.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book provides an introduction to the field-theoretic methods and computer simulation techniques used in the design of structured polymeric fluids for a wide variety of applications. By such ... More


The Resurgence of Route 128: The Triumph of Open Systems

Michael H. Best

in The New Competitive Advantage: The Renewal of American Industry

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297451
eISBN:
9780191595967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297459.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Boston's Route 128 illustrates the concepts of regional technology capability, technology genealogy, and technology roadmap. Precision machining and complex product systems are regional technological ... More


SELF-ASSEMBLY AND SELF-ORGANIZATION OF MATTER

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is about the self-assembly and self-organization of soft matter, and explains how systems can evolve from elementary particles to thinking organisms. Such evolution, like everything ... More


INTRODUCTION

Glenn H. Fredrickson

in The Equilibrium Theory of Inhomogeneous Polymers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567295
eISBN:
9780191717956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567295.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces polymer systems of broad contemporary interest, the notions of macrophase separation and microphase separation in polymeric fluids, and modern themes in polymer science and ... More


OTHER MAGNETIC MOLECULES

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter advocates other classes of magnetic molecules, which do not show SMM behaviour but are very interesting for their magnetic properties. The first class is referred to as the ferris wheel ... More


Biomedical Fluid Dynamics: Flow and Form

Troy Shinbrot

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198812586
eISBN:
9780191850721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812586.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book provides an overview of fundamental methods and advanced topics associated with complex, especially biological, fluids. The contents are taken from a graduate level course taught to ... More


Bioelastomers

C. M. Roland

in Viscoelastic Behavior of Rubbery Materials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571574
eISBN:
9780191728976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571574.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Proteins are biological macromolecules essential to life, and rubber elasticity is central to the utility of many proteins, especially in animals. The mechanical properties of proteins often govern ... More


Research Frontiers

James Wei

in Product Engineering: Molecular Structure and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195159172
eISBN:
9780197561997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195159172.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

There are many challenging intellectual opportunities for the research community to create new knowledge in molecular structure–property relations, and to ... More


Beyond Chemistry and Biology

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Artificial chemistries can be found in fields beyond chemistry and biology. While it is most natural to look at examples from these fields, the self-assembly of entities at different scales can be ... More


Dielectric Properties of Polyelectrolytes and Lipid Vesicles

Federico Bordi and Stefano Sarti

in Dielectric Relaxation in Biological Systems: Physical Principles, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686513
eISBN:
9780191766398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686513.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter aims to demonstrate the application of dielectric spectroscopy to aqueous polyelectrolyte solutions and to mixed polyelectrolyte–colloid solutions, showing what kind of information, at a ... More


Steps Toward a Synthetic Protocell

Martin M. Hanczyc, Irene A. Chen, Peter Sazani, and Jack W. Szostak

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter presents graphical representations that help characterize and classify the essential functional features of several protocell research efforts. It shows how graphical representations can ... More


Numerical Methods for Protocell Simulations

Yi Jiang, Bryan Travis, Chad Knutson, Jinsuo Zhang, and Pawel Weronski

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter provides an extensive review of the physics of lipid self-assembly in water and the emergence of lipid micelles, lipid bilayers, and lipid vesicles. It describes the trans-bilayer and ... More


Reproduction

Matthew S. Moses and Gregory S. Chirikjian

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

Computing pioneer and polymath John von Neumann introduced the concept of a Universal Constructor as part of his effort to develop a mathematical theory describing living organisms. A Universal ... More


Statistical Mechanics, Diffusion, and Self-Assembly

Troy Shinbrot

in Biomedical Fluid Dynamics: Flow and Form

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198812586
eISBN:
9780191850721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812586.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Equations for random wandering of particles are derived, and the phenomenon of entropic ordering is explained. Boltzmann’s particle-based approach to diffusion is compared to Maxwell’s continuum ... More


Self-Assembly and Beyond

Troy Shinbrot

in Biomedical Fluid Dynamics: Flow and Form

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198812586
eISBN:
9780191850721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812586.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Effects of combining reaction with diffusion are examined, and the resulting self-assembly of ordered patterns is overviewed. Turing patterns and limit cycle oscillations are shown to result from ... More


Bulk and thin film organic crystal structures

Stephen R. Forrest

in Organic Electronics: Foundations to Applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198529729
eISBN:
9780191798238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198529729.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Crystallography: Physics

Organic electronic devices are comprised of materials that are amorphous, nanocrystalline, microcrystalline, or single crystalline solids bonded by weak van der Waals forces. This chapter presents ... More


Conclusion: Lyric—The Idea of this Invention

Marjorie Levinson

in Thinking Through Poetry: Field Reports on Romantic Lyric

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198810315
eISBN:
9780191864841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810315.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter bridges the gap between historicism and formalism through a new model for lyric. Different kinds of explanation suit different levels of analysis: validity in interpretation is tied to ... More


Thermodynamics today – and tomorrow

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This last chapter explores the frontiers of how thermodynamics is currently being applied to biology, moving from the scale of the molecule to the scale of the cell. The key theme is ‘self-assembly’ ... More


Development in simple organisms

John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmary

in The Major Transitions in Evolution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502944
eISBN:
9780191919237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502944.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Complex multicellular organisms, whose bodies consist of differentiated cells of many kinds, have evolved independently on three occasions—animals, higher plants and fungi. In addition, ... More


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