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Quantum Dot Lasers

Victor M. Ustinov, Alexey E. Zhukov, Anton Yu. Egorov, and Nikolai A. Maleev

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526797
eISBN:
9780191712081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526797.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book is devoted to the physics and technology of diode lasers based on self-organized quantum dots (QD). It addresses the fundamental and technology aspects of QD edge-emitting and ... More


SELF-ASSEMBLY AND SELF-ORGANIZATION OF MATTER

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is about the self-assembly and self-organization of soft matter, and explains how systems can evolve from elementary particles to thinking organisms. Such evolution, like everything ... More


The evolution of human communication and language

James R. Hurford

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Human languages are far more complex than any animal communication system. Furthermore, they are learned, rather than innate, a fact which partially accounts for their great diversity. Human ... More


Industrial Organization as Networks

Grahame F. Thompson

in Between Hierarchies and Markets: The Logic and Limits of Network Forms of Organization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198775270
eISBN:
9780191710513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775270.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter looks at the industrial organisation as networks, focusing on interorganisational networks. Some theoretical issues raised by interorganisational networks are discussed, including ... More


Constructing for Understanding

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter shows that the artificial system constructed in this study demonstrates how speech codes, sharing important properties with those of humans, could be created in a population of agents in ... More


Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Patrizia d'Ettorre and David P. Hughes (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Communication is the cornerstone of socially interacting groups. This is self-evident for human societies but not for bacterial biofilms, and super-colonies that span whole continents and ... More


RADIATION-INDUCED INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The irradiation of materials with energetic particles may induce drastic changes in their microstructure, and hence may induce important variations in their physicochemical properties. This chapter ... More


BENEFITS AND PERILS OF INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter focuses on material instabilities. Topics discussed include the making and breaking of materials, thermo-chemical fabrication of new materials, thermo-mechanical fabrication of new ... More


Self-Organization and Evolution

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter determines the problems of the origin of speech in the general framework of the origins of form in biology. It explains the phenomenon of self-organization along with that of natural ... More


Comparing the Continuity Theory to Other Immunological Theories

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter compares the continuity theory that I propose with the other theories available in today’s immunology, including the self-nonself theory, the systemic theory of the immune “network” ... More


SELF-ORGANIZATION OF SURFACE ATOMS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents a method for quantitatively studying the evolution (i.e., nucleation and growth) of the solid phase from the vapour phase. The technical applications of the methods developed is ... More


CONCLUSIONS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This concluding chapter begins with a discussion of universality of self-organization. It then considers the connections between patterns, defects and instabilities; and the dilemma of modeling and ... More


Agreeing to Differ

John A. Hall

in The Importance of Being Civil: The Struggle for Political Decency

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153261
eISBN:
9781400847495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153261.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents an account of the social origins of civility in the course of an argument distinguishing civility from civil society—or, rather, insisting that civility must be included in the ... More


Thermodynamics and the Origins of Order

Niall Shanks

in God, the Devil, and Darwin: A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195161991
eISBN:
9780199835058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161998.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The creationist claim that evolution is inconsistent with the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy in the universe increases, is discussed and refuted: local reductions in entropy ... More


Self-Specificity and Self-Perspectival Organization

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Now the question arises of how the resting state activity’s self-specific organization impacts subsequent stimulus-induced activity and its manifestation on the phenomenal level of consciousness. The ... More


Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Speech is the principal supporting medium of language. This book considers how spoken language first emerged. It gives an original and integrated view of the interactions between self-organization ... More


Synergy in social communication

David J. T. Sumpter and Åke Brännström

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Synergy is where the interactions of a group of individuals becomes more than the sum of their parts. This chapter reviews how, through the use of social communication, foraging animals can increase ... More


The Self-Organization Revolution in Science

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter begins by describing nature as full of fascinatingly organized forms and patterns. It then characterizes nature as composed of complex systems with many interacting subsystems. These ... More


Health inequalities, wicked problems and complexity

Jonathan Wistow, Tim Blackman, David Byrne, and Gerald Wistow

in Studying health inequalities: An applied approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447305286
eISBN:
9781447312031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305286.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The chapter begins by considering what we mean by ‘health’ and by ‘inequalities’. When taken together health inequalities are often considered to be wicked problems – issues that are complex in terms ... More


Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Cities and regions are highly complex but ordered systems. They are thus best understood by modelling within the framework of the theory of complex, self-organizing systems. This theory suggests that ... More


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