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Self‐Attribution

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Most cognitive scientists and many philosophers of mind resist the traditional notion that the mind has a special method of monitoring or accessing its own current mental states. We review the ... More


Active Perception and Perceiving Action: The Shared Circuits Model

Susan Hurley

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Recently, research on imitation and its role in social cognition has been flourishing across various disciplines. After briefly reviewing these developments under the heads of behaviour, subpersonal ... More


Representational Play and Language

Lorraine McCune

in How Children Learn to Learn Language

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195177879
eISBN:
9780199870202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177879.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter evaluates developments in representational play as control parameters for sequential phase shifts in language. Topics covered include the development of representational play, ... More


Two Further Challenges

C. Daniel Batson

in Altruism in Humans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341065
eISBN:
9780199894222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341065.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses two challenges to the empathy-altruism hypothesis that have attracted attention in recent years—physical versus psychological escape and self-other merging. The ... More


Virtue, Self, and Other

Michael Slote

in From Morality to Virtue

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195093926
eISBN:
9780199833689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195093925.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In commonsense terms, many traits count as virtues independently of the benefit they bring their possessors or others. For example, the courage to face the fact that one has cancer may actually make ... More


Problematizing “Constructive Engagement” in EU-China Policy

Roland Vogt (ed.)

in Europe and China: Strategic Partners or Rivals?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083879
eISBN:
9789882209077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083879.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

'Constructive engagement' is the rhetorical hallmark of Europe's policy towards China. This approach fits with the European self-imagination as a normative and civilian power that promotes regional ... More


Some Advantages of Virtue Ethics

Michael Slote

in From Morality to Virtue

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195093926
eISBN:
9780199833689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195093925.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Our commonsense thinking about the virtues has certain advantages over Kantian ethics and commonsense morality narrowly conceived. The latter two are committed to a self‐other asymmetry with respect ... More


Incoherence in Kantian and commonsense Moral Thinking

Michael Slote

in From Morality to Virtue

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195093926
eISBN:
9780199833689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195093925.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kantian and commonsense moral thinking are incoherent because self‐other asymmetry does not cogently combine with the belief that we owe more to people the closer they are to us in familial or ... More


Understanding Empathy:: Its Features and Effects

Amy Coplan

in Empathy: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199539956
eISBN:
9780191730931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539956.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The goal of this chapter is to propose a narrow conceptualization of empathy as a complex imaginative process in which an observer simulates another person's situated psychological states [both ... More


Seeing You Through Me:: Creating Self–Other Correspondences for Body Perception

Catherine L. Reed

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The visual perception of the human body, whether static or in motion, appears to depend upon the observer’s own bodily representations, as well as on motor and kinesthetic mechanisms. For example, ... More


Rudiments of Virtue Ethics

Michael Slote

in From Morality to Virtue

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195093926
eISBN:
9780199833689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195093925.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Virtue ethics treats aretaic, as opposed to deontic, concepts as fundamental and focuses in the first instance on character traits or motives rather than actions. Virtue ethics also contrasts with ... More


Pretend Play

Anthony D. Pellegrini

in The Role of Play in Human Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195367324
eISBN:
9780199894185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367324.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on pretend play. First, it proffers a definition of pretend play, specifying how four components of pretending (decontextualized behavior, self—other relations, sequential ... More


Self and Others, or The Emergence of Self-Consciousness

Kristina Musholt

in Thinking about Oneself: From Nonconceptual Content to the Concept of a Self

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029209
eISBN:
9780262329767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029209.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues for a constitutive relation between self-consciousness and intersubjectivity and offers a detailed description of different levels of implicit and explicit representation of the ... More


Romancing Rhetoricity and Historicity: The Representational Politics and Poetics of Little Reunion

Kam Louie (ed.)

in Eileen Chang: Romancing Languages, Cultures and Genres

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083794
eISBN:
9789882209060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083794.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Focusing on Little Reunion, a key text for interpreting the series of self-fashioning performances Eileen Chang directed at Chinese reading publics as her imagined spectators, confessors, and ... More


Senate Bill 1070: Wagers of Loveand Fear at the Border

Ananda Rose

in Showdown in the Sonoran Desert: Religion, Law, and the Immigration Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890934
eISBN:
9780199949793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890934.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the murder of southern Arizonan rancher, Robter Krentz, and how it served as a political tipping point in the immigration debate in Arizona, leading to the passing of the ... More


The Other Self as Friend

in Philosophy and Friendship

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748617272
eISBN:
9780748652358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748617272.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Cicero's thoughts about the notion of friend as the other self. It discusses the difference between Cicero and Aristotle's notion of friendship and suggests that unlike ... More


Doubles: Bodily Duplications and Schizoid Selves

Monica Germanà

in Scottish Women's Gothic and Fantastic Writing: Fiction since 1978

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748637645
eISBN:
9780748652259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637645.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter explores the double motif, a thematic area deployed to express the self/other dichotomy and the interrogation of binary oppositions in the fantastic writings of Scottish women. It offers ... More


Torture: During and After Action

F. M. Kamm

in Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608782
eISBN:
9780191729577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608782.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 1 considers whether, from a nonconsequentialist perspective, those who are responsible for creating lethal threats are liable to be tortured during and after their threatening acts in order ... More


The Architecture of Disgust

Colin McGinn

in The Meaning of Disgust

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199829538
eISBN:
9780199919482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829538.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Aesthetics

This chapter tries to discern some general patterns of disgust, before turning to the task of finding an explanatory theory. It identifies general characteristics that stand out in all the varieties: ... More


Morality and Rationality

Michael Slote

in From Morality to Virtue

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195093926
eISBN:
9780199833689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195093925.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Commonsense views about practical rationality are self‐other asymmetric in a way diametrically opposed to the asymmetry involved in commonsense or Kantian morality. What is likely to harm others does ... More


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