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Mechanisms and models of selective attention

George R. Mangun and Steven A. Hillyard

in Electrophysiology of Mind: Event-related Brain Potentials and Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524168
eISBN:
9780191706639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524168.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews some of the main themes of research on attentional mechanisms, focusing on the contributions of electrophysiological studies to current cognitive models of attention. Topics ... More


Selective and Divided Attention in Birds

Thomas R. Zentall

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Selective attention refers to the selective central processing of the stimulus environment, such that certain stimuli that are received at the periphery (i.e., that activate sensory neurons) are ... More


The role of intersensory redundancy in early perceptual, cognitive, and social development

Lorraine E. Bahrick and Robert Lickliter

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The early development of attentional selectivity is thought to be strongly influenced by the infant’s sensitivity to salient properties of stimulation such as contrast, movement, intensity, and ... More


Concluding observations, with steps toward neuroscience

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter emphasizes a level of analysis at which subdivisions are avoided until shown to be fundamental. It helps especially in investigations of short-term memory, selective attention, and the ... More


Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Nelson Cowan

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For decades, the fundamental processes underlying memory and attention have been understood within an “information processing” framework in which information passes from one processing stage to ... More


Theories of Intentions and the Problem of Attention

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter outlines the theoretical foundations of the selective attention thesis and three competing ones: the capabilities, strategic military doctrine, and behavior theses. It divides perceived ... More


 The Information Is in the Invariants

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on why cause matters. It argues that causal relations hold across space, time, and individuals; therefore, the logic of causality is the best guide to prediction, explanation, ... More


Summary and Implications

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter summarizes the book's empirical findings and explains their practical policy implications as well as their significance for international relations theory. The selective attention thesis ... More


Crossmodal Spatial Attention: Evidence from Human Performance

JON DRIVER and CHARLES SPENCE

in Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524861
eISBN:
9780191689260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524861.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Perception and behaviour depend not only on the stimulation transduced at our various sensory epithelia, but also on which aspects of this stimulation are attended. ‘Selective attention’ is the ... More


US Decision Makers’ Perceptions of Soviet Intentions: The End of the Cold War

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the indicators used by U.S. President Jimmy Carter and two key decision makers in his administration, National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski and Secretary of State Cyrus ... More


Introduction

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book explores the question of how policy makers gauge their adversaries’ intentions and the implications of such intentions assessment for international relations and world affairs. It advances ... More


Aging and Attention

Arthur F. Kramer and Jutta Kray

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews and critiques the scientific literature that has examined changes in attention due to aging. At a global level, the chapter focuses on two different varieties of attention: ... More


British Decision Makers’ Perceptions of Nazi Germany’s Intentions

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the evolution of the views held by Britain’s key decision makers, including Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, about Nazi Germany’s ... More


US Decision Makers’ Perceptions of Soviet Intentions: The Collapse of Détente

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the indicators used by U.S. President Jimmy Carter and two key decision makers in his administration, National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski and Secretary of State Cyrus ... More


Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Keren Yarhi-Milo

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

States are more likely to engage in risky and destabilizing actions such as military build-ups and preemptive strikes if they believe their adversaries pose a tangible threat. Yet despite the crucial ... More


Selective Attention, Priming, and Foraging Behavior

Alan C. Kamil and Alan B. Bond

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the results of experiments that investigated animal cognition in an integrative fashion by combining the methodology and ... More


Indicators of Nazi Germany’s Intentions and the Coming of World War I, 1934–39

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on British assessments of Nazi Germany’s intentions during the interwar period (1934–1939). It outlines the predictions generated by each of the four explanations about perceived ... More


Perception

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter argues that cortical networks and the knowledge they represent are hierarchically organized in layers by order of complexity or generality of cognitive content. These layers correspond ... More


The British Intelligence Community’s Assessments of Nazi Germany’s Intentions

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the evolution in the stated beliefs of Britain’s intelligence organizations about the nature and scope of Nazi Germany’s foreign policy plans along with its perceptions of the ... More


Indicators of Soviet Intentions and the End of the Cold War, 1985–88

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the indicators used by the Reagan administration to assess the intentions of the Soviet Union between 1985 and 1988. Ronald Reagan assumed the presidency in 1981 after an ... More


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