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Selection

Graham K. Taylor and Adrian L. R. Thomas

in Evolutionary Biomechanics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198566373
eISBN:
9780191779459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566373.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ornithology

This chapter develops a model of adaptive evolution that is founded upon the genetical theory of natural selection, and which justifies the adaptationist approach of analysing traits at organismal ... More


Did Primate Trichromacy Evolve for Frugivory or Folivory?

P Sumner and J. D Mollon

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the selective advantage of primate trichromacy. According to the frugivory hypothesis, the advantage lay in finding fruit amongst foliage. In contrast, ... More


Introduction

Richard E. Passingham

in Understanding the Prefrontal Cortex: Selective advantage, connectivity, and neural operations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198844570
eISBN:
9780191880094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844570.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explains why this book is organized as it is. Each neocortical area has a unique pattern of inputs and outputs. This means that the challenge is to understand the transformation that ... More


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