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Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Stephen Wilkinson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

To what extent should parents be allowed to use selection technologies (such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis) to determine the characteristics of their children? And is there something morally ... More


Niche News: The Politics of News Choice

Natalie Jomini Stroud

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199755509
eISBN:
9780199897162
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755509.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Fox News, MSNBC, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Rush Limbaugh Show, National Public Radio—a list of available political media sources could continue without any apparent end. This ... More


 History Revisited: Pyrrhic Victories for Scientific Realism

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the most influential recent efforts by scientific realists to blunt or block the pessimistic induction by engaging the details of the history of science itself, including the ... More


Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Neil Gilbert

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is the outgrowth of a large‐scale comparative project on the changing landscape of the welfare state initiated by the author in 1997. In it, it is argued that the changes in welfare policy ... More


Regulating Islam

Avi Max Spiegel

in Young Islam: The New Politics of Religion in Morocco and the Arab World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159843
eISBN:
9781400866434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159843.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter considers the question of how an authoritarian Arab state enables or encumbers Islamist mobilization. It elucidates a different model of state action—different in both content and form: ... More


Universal to Selective

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The principle of universalism in the allocation of social benefits, that is the availability of social benefits to everyone as of right, is contrasted with allocation on a selective basis in which ... More


Americanizing British Engineering? Strategic Debate, Selective Adaptation, and Hybrid Innovation in Post-War Reconstruction, 1945–1960

Jonathan Zeitlin

in Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-war Europe and Japan

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269044
eISBN:
9780191717123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269044.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter seeks to sketch out the contours of British debates about Americanization and reconstruction in a key sector of manufacturing: the engineering or metalworking industries. Its central ... More


 The Information Is in the Invariants

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on why cause matters. It argues that causal relations hold across space, time, and individuals; therefore, the logic of causality is the best guide to prediction, explanation, ... More


Selective extinction and speciation

Charles W. Fowler

in Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores one of the primary contributors to the emergence of macroecological patterns—multilevel natural selection to include selectivity at the species level. It considers the ... More


The Varieties of Scrubbers, Tubing, and Tubing Connectors

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter discusses several often-neglected areas of respirometry infrastructure. These include the correct selection of scrubber chemicals for removing water vapor and/or carbon dioxide from ... More


Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Keren Yarhi-Milo

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

States are more likely to engage in risky and destabilizing actions such as military build-ups and preemptive strikes if they believe their adversaries pose a tangible threat. Yet despite the crucial ... More


Uncle Sam Wants You: World War I and the Making of the Modern American Citizen

Christopher Capozzola

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335491
eISBN:
9780199868971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335491.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In April 1917, the United States embarked on World War I, with little history of conscription, an army smaller than Romania's, and a political culture that saw little role for the federal government ... More


MINIMAL AND OTHER TYPES

Roman Kossak and James H. Schmerl

in The Structure of Models of Peano Arithmetic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568278
eISBN:
9780191718199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568278.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter gives a thorough treatment of minimal types and other types such as indiscernible, end-extensional, rare, and selective types. Their connections with each other are discussed. How types ... More


Processing Stages and Strategies

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses the ability of serial and parallel models to mimic either an arbitrary response-time distribution or just one another. The results vary both in what is assumed to be observable ... More


Close Relationships and Health Through the Lens of Selective Investment Theory

Stephanie L. Brown, R. Michael Brown, Ashley Schiavone, and Dylan M. Smith

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter reviews a program of research that was designed to explore the health benefits of helping or giving support to others. This work was inspired by a new evolutionary theory of altruism, ... More


Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Nelson Cowan

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For decades, the fundamental processes underlying memory and attention have been understood within an “information processing” framework in which information passes from one processing stage to ... More


Archaeologies of Colonialism: Consumption, Entanglement, and Violence in Ancient Mediterranean France

Michael Dietler

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520265516
eISBN:
9780520947948
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520265516.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This book presents a theoretically informed, up-to-date study of interactions between indigenous peoples of Mediterranean France and Etruscan, Greek and Roman colonists during the first millennium ... More


Mechanisms and models of selective attention

George R. Mangun and Steven A. Hillyard

in Electrophysiology of Mind: Event-related Brain Potentials and Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524168
eISBN:
9780191706639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524168.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews some of the main themes of research on attentional mechanisms, focusing on the contributions of electrophysiological studies to current cognitive models of attention. Topics ... More


Participation

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Participation is a central dimension of democracy. Democracy at the national level requires universal participation, that is, maximum inclusiveness. But what about participation at the intraparty, ... More


The Spirit of Selective Service: Conscription and Coercion

Christopher Capozzola

in Uncle Sam Wants You: World War I and the Making of the Modern American Citizen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335491
eISBN:
9780199868971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335491.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on selective service in America during World War I. The Selective Service Act of 1917 was the centerpiece of wartime citizenship and its defining obligation. It reflected the ... More


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