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The Origins of Evolutionary Innovations: A Theory of Transformative Change in Living Systems

Andreas Wagner

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692590
eISBN:
9780191774829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692590.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The history of life is a nearly four billion-year-old story of transformative change. This change ranges from dramatic macroscopic innovations such as the evolution of wings or eyes, to a myriad of ... More


Choosing the Selectors

Mary Midgley

in The Evolution of Cultural Entities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197262627
eISBN:
9780191771989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262627.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter explores the concept of cultural evolution by looking at a variety of perspectives that explain historical change, with emphasis on their advantages and limitations. It begins by ... More


Breaking down false barriers to understanding

Luc Steels

in The Social Origins of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199665327
eISBN:
9780191779725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665327.003.0024
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter argues that there are four dichotomies underlying contemporary linguistics which are getting in the way of developing adequate theories of language evolution, namely the distinction ... More


Summary and outlook

Andreas Wagner

in The Origins of Evolutionary Innovations: A Theory of Transformative Change in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692590
eISBN:
9780191774829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692590.003.0273
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes key points and provides an outlook to future challenges. It discusses how evolutionary innovations involve changes in the following three classes of biological systems: ... More


A synthesis of neutralism and selectionism

Andreas Wagner

in The Origins of Evolutionary Innovations: A Theory of Transformative Change in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692590
eISBN:
9780191774829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692590.003.0131
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Neutralism and selectionism are two opposing perspectives on evolutionary change. In the broadest sense, they apply to all evolutionary change, including evolutionary innovation. Any theory of ... More


The Racial State and Totalitarian Society: Plato as Philosopher-King, or The Third Reich as Second Sparta

Johann Chapoutot

in Greeks, Romans, Germans: How the Nazis Usurped Europe's Classical Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520275720
eISBN:
9780520966154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275720.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the reading of Plato offered by Nazism and consequently by a large part of the German academy in the 1930s and 1940s, which understood Plato as the philosopher of dictatorship ... More


Parallel Evolution: What Does It (Not) Tell Us and Why Is It (Still) Interesting?

Thomas Lenormand, Luis-Miguel Chevin, and Thomas Bataillon

in Chance in Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226401744
eISBN:
9780226401911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226401911.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Parallel evolution has been used as “proof” of a bewildering array of sometimes contradictory assertions: that Darwinism is wrong, that selection is all powerful, that the modern synthesis is ... More


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