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Visual Stress

Arnold J. Wilkins

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book provides the first general neurological theory of visual discomfort. The theory attributes the experience of visual discomfort to the strong physiological excitation that certain visual ... More


Epilepsy

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Epilepsy can be viewed from inter-related clinical and electrical/cellular points of view. Before and during a so-called electrographic seizure, neuronal events become both highly correlated ... More


Epileptiform Discharges In Vitro

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

VFO precedes electrographic seizures in vitro, as well as in vivo. The in vitro VFO is gap junction dependent, and is observed most readily in conditions when synaptic transmission is suppressed. One ... More


Epilepsy

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the taxonomy of seizure disorders and the clinical features of epilepsy that pose methodological challenges in clinical and epidemiologic studies. Descriptive ... More


MRI: Overview of MR Techniques for Epilepsy

Vivek Gupta and Richard A. Bronen

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluation of seizure disorders and surgical management of refractory epilepsy. An overview of MRI principles and techniques in ... More


Malformations of Cortical Development

Renzo Guerrini and Francesco Zellini

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Abnormal cortical development represents a major cause of epilepsy. Most such abnormalities may now be detected using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), although some remain undetectable even with the ... More


Palliative Care Consultations in Primary and Metastatic Brain Tumours

Sara Booth, Eduardo Bruera, and David Oliver (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528074
eISBN:
9780191730382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528074.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This is the third book in an international, multi-contributed series aimed at providing practical clinical guidance on how to deal with difficult symptoms related to specific cancer sites. There are ... More


“Inevitable Discovery”: Searches, Narrative, Identity

Peter Brooks

in Enigmas of Identity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151588
eISBN:
9781400839698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151588.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores how the question of searches and seizures in the law, and the legal doctrines both protecting the individual and providing for his or her capture by social institutions, images ... More


Keeping Track of Opiate Flows

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter presents a comprehensive model of the world opiate market and charts the immediate after-effects of the Taliban ban, using data from the United Nations and other public sources. It ... More


Photosensitive epilepsy

Arnold J. Wilkins

in Visual Stress

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

About 4% of patients with epilepsy are susceptible to visually induced seizures. The visual stimulation responsible includes both flickering light and stationary steadily illuminated patterns, ... More


Property Rights and Economic Regulation

ASHUTOSH BHAGWAT

in The Myth of Rights: The Purposes and Limits of Constitutional Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377781
eISBN:
9780199775842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377781.003.007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines protection of private property and the sanctity of contract from governmental overreaching in the Constitution. In the body of the Constitution itself, the Contracts Clause of ... More


Other Neurological Signs and Symptoms in Autism

Mary Coleman

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the neurological signs and symptoms that can be found in children with autism/Asperger syndrome. These include epilepsy, abnormal movements, changes in muscle tone, and mutism.


The Prevention and Treatment of Seizures in Intra-Cranial Malignancy

David Oliver

in Palliative Care Consultations in Primary and Metastatic Brain Tumours

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528074
eISBN:
9780191730382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528074.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter covers the prevention and treatment of seizures in intra-cranial malignancy, a crucial part of palliation as seizures are one of the dominant concerns of patients and their families. It ... More


Temporal Lobe Epilepsy and the Hippocampus

Radwa A.B. Badawy and Graeme D. Jackson

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the commonest cause of temporal lobe epilepsy which accounts for 3–50% of all epilepsy syndromes. This chapter reviews the pathological substrate of HS and mesial ... More


Aberrant Cells and Synaptic Circuits in Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery Patients

Carlos Cepeda, Véronique M. André, Irene Yamazaki, Max Kleiman-Weiner, Robin S. Fisher, Harry V. Vinters, Michael S. Levine, and and Gary W. Mathern

in From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter discusses studies on the properties of abnormal cells and synaptic circuits in pediatric cortical dysplasia (CD). It provides a working hypothesis concerning how CD tissue may be able to ... More


Fragments of Consciousness?

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter evaluates the tenability of the unity thesis by examining the evidence for phenomenal disunity within the context of number of quite different domains. The first third of the chapter ... More


Sleep and neurological disorders

D.A. Cohen and A. Roy

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

While sleep affects the functioning of multiple organ systems, it is fundamentally a neurological process. This chapter provides a conceptual framework for understanding the reciprocal interactions ... More


‘The Marshal and the Corporal . . . ’

Anna von der Goltz

in Hindenburg: Power, Myth, and the Rise of the Nazis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199570324
eISBN:
9780191722240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570324.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the role of the Hindenburg myth during the early years of the ‘Third Reich’. Analyzing, amongst others, the celebrations of the ‘Day of Potsdam’ and the President's funeral in ... More


Epilepsy and Memory

Adam Zeman, Narinder Kapur, and Marilyn Jones-Gotman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Epilepsy is one of the most common disorders of the brain, and these patients often suffer from memory problems. There are a number of reasons for this: seizures can directly affect the brain in ways ... More


Being in Two Minds

Kathleen V. Wilkes

in Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240808
eISBN:
9780191680281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the breakdown of unity and continuity shown by people with split brains, the case where two centres of consciousness in one body work separately but simultaneously. It continues ... More


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