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Massive Resistance: Southern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction

Clive Webb (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195177862
eISBN:
9780199870189
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

On May 17, 1954, in Brown v. Board of Education, the United States Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. When the court failed to specify a clear ... More


The Fight for “Freedom of Association”: Segregationist Rights and Resistance in Atlanta

Kevin M. Kruse

in Massive Resistance: Southern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195177862
eISBN:
9780199870189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter reveals how white parents used the rationale of “freedom of association” to protect their children from attending school with African Americans. It discusses that when it became apparent ... More


A Thorn in the Flesh of the GOP

Leah Wright Rigueur

in The Loneliness of the Black Republican: Pragmatic Politics and the Pursuit of Power

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159010
eISBN:
9781400852437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159010.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter looks at how the enactment of the civil rights acts of the mid-1960s, coupled with white Republican's rejection of segregationist appeals and embrace of “colorblind” outreach, gave some ... More


“A War for States’ Rights”: The White Supremacist Vision of Double Victory

Jason Morgan Ward

in Fog of War: The Second World War and the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382419
eISBN:
9780199932641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382419.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Southern conservatives developed their own “Double V” campaign—in their case, victory for democracy at home meant a staunch defense of Jim Crow in the name of states’ rights and individual freedom. ... More


The Sexual Politics of Race in World War II America

Jane Dailey

in Fog of War: The Second World War and the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382419
eISBN:
9780199932641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382419.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The war rent asunder the New Deal alliance between white and black reformers. Central to the split was the wartime prominence of a perennial white panic—interracial sex. Reformers had ducked the ... More


Catholic Segregationist Thought in the South

Mark Newman

in Desegregating Dixie: The Catholic Church in the South and Desegregation, 1945-1992

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781496818867
eISBN:
9781496818904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496818867.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Only a minority of southern white Catholics declared God’s approval for segregation and cited biblical verses in supposed justification, but many Catholic segregationists criticized the Church for ... More


The Imprint of the Past

Didier Fassin

in When Bodies Remember: Experiences and Politics of AIDS in South Africa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520244672
eISBN:
9780520940451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244672.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The studies carried out on AIDS in South Africa generally testify to a remarkable presentism. The controversies surrounding AIDS create a privileged framework for the expression and recognition of ... More


Francis Butler Simkins: A Life

James S. Humphreys

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032658
eISBN:
9780813039411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032658.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Few men make their mark in their profession as indelibly as historian Francis Butler Simkins (1897–1966). Known as an eccentric, Simkins is almost as famous for falling asleep while performing his ... More


The Jailhouse in Freedom Land

Dan Berger

in Captive Nation: Black Prison Organizing in the Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781469618241
eISBN:
9781469618265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618241.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes how the American state dealt with the race problem as something criminal that was especially evident in the South. Both black liberationists and white segregationists ... More


Defending White Democracy: The Making of a Segregationist Movement and the Remaking of Racial Politics, 1936-1965

Jason Morgan Ward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807835135
eISBN:
9781469602547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869222_ward
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

After the Supreme Court ruled school segregation unconstitutional in 1954, southern white backlash seemed to explode overnight. Journalists profiled the rise of a segregationist movement committed to ... More


The Senator and the Sharecropper: The Freedom Struggles of James O. Eastland and Fannie Lou Hamer

Chris Myers Asch

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807872024
eISBN:
9781469603537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807878057_asch
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This study of race, politics, and economics in Mississippi tells the story of two extraordinary personalities—Fannie Lou Hamer and James O. Eastland—who represented deeply opposed sides of the civil ... More


The Last Spittoon

Rob Christensen

in The Rise and Fall of the Branchhead Boys: North Carolina's Scott Family and the Era of Progressive Politics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651040
eISBN:
9781469651064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651040.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Kerr Scott is elected to the Senate in 1954, defeating race-baiting tactics by his opponent. Despite his progressive record as governor, Scott was not one of the Senate’s liberals and did not cut as ... More


Southern Stalemate: Five Years without Public Education in Prince Edward County, Virginia

Christopher Bonastia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226063898
eISBN:
9780226063911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226063911.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1959, Virginia's Prince Edward County closed its public schools rather than obey a court order to desegregate. For five years, black children were left to fend for themselves while the courts ... More


Senator Stennis Is Watching

Crystal R. Sanders

in A Chance for Change: Head Start and Mississippi's Black Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627809
eISBN:
9781469627823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627809.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks at segregationists’ opposition to the Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM). Segregationists opposed the civil rights-affiliated Head Start program because of the greater ... More


Say It Isn’t So, Sarge

Crystal R. Sanders

in A Chance for Change: Head Start and Mississippi's Black Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627809
eISBN:
9781469627823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627809.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter recounts how segregationists’ political pressure led Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) Director Sargent Shriver to back away from the Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM) and ... More


Intimacy, Black Criminality, and Whiteness: The Evolving Public Narratives of Race

Stephen A. Berrey

in Jim Crow Routine: Everyday Performances of Race, Civil Rights, and Segregation in Mississippi

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620930
eISBN:
9781469623115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620930.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses a study concerning the number of homicides, as well as state executions, in Mississippi in 1955. The report showed that that year 184 blacks and 51 whites died by homicide. ... More


. “Thought Control”: The Editor and the Professor

Charles W. Eagles

in The Price of Defiance: James Meredith and the Integration of Ole Miss

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807832738
eISBN:
9781469605067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895597_eagles.13
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes how segregationists demanding conformity to the racial orthodoxy monitored the university for any deviation, while anticommunists probed for disloyalty. Instead of a general ... More


Bonds of Steel: Depression, War, and International Brotherhood

Sarah-Jane Mathieu

in North of the Color Line: Migration and Black Resistance in Canada, 1870-1955

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834299
eISBN:
9781469603858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899397_mathieu.10
Subject:
History, African-American History

This concluding chapter explores African Canadian life from the 1930s to the 1950s. The Great Depression intensified white Canadian resentment over the presence of blacks in Canada, exemplified by ... More


Ewspeak

William P. Hustwit

in James J. Kilpatrick: Salesman for Segregation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469602134
eISBN:
9781469608112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469602134.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter reveals how by March 1961, James J. Kilpatrick and other segregation supporters lost ground to the gaining civil rights movement in the state of Virginia. James J. Kilpatrick was in a ... More


Fall

Stewart Burns

in Daybreak of Freedom …: … The Montgomery Bus Boycott

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807823606
eISBN:
9781469602387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882917_burns.21
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents historical documents from the Montgomery bus boycott released in fall 1956. These include Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) leaders' requests for the Justice Department ... More


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