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Massive Resistance: Southern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction

Clive Webb (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195177862
eISBN:
9780199870189
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

On May 17, 1954, in Brown v. Board of Education, the United States Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. When the court failed to specify a clear ... More


A Thorn in the Flesh of the GOP

Leah Wright Rigueur

in The Loneliness of the Black Republican: Pragmatic Politics and the Pursuit of Power

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159010
eISBN:
9781400852437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159010.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter looks at how the enactment of the civil rights acts of the mid-1960s, coupled with white Republican's rejection of segregationist appeals and embrace of “colorblind” outreach, gave some ... More


The Fight for “Freedom of Association”: Segregationist Rights and Resistance in Atlanta

Kevin M. Kruse

in Massive Resistance: Southern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195177862
eISBN:
9780199870189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter reveals how white parents used the rationale of “freedom of association” to protect their children from attending school with African Americans. It discusses that when it became apparent ... More


“A War for States’ Rights”: The White Supremacist Vision of Double Victory

Jason Morgan Ward

in Fog of War: The Second World War and the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382419
eISBN:
9780199932641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382419.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Southern conservatives developed their own “Double V” campaign—in their case, victory for democracy at home meant a staunch defense of Jim Crow in the name of states’ rights and individual freedom. ... More


The Sexual Politics of Race in World War II America

Jane Dailey

in Fog of War: The Second World War and the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382419
eISBN:
9780199932641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382419.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The war rent asunder the New Deal alliance between white and black reformers. Central to the split was the wartime prominence of a perennial white panic—interracial sex. Reformers had ducked the ... More


The Imprint of the Past

Didier Fassin

in When Bodies Remember: Experiences and Politics of AIDS in South Africa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520244672
eISBN:
9780520940451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244672.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The studies carried out on AIDS in South Africa generally testify to a remarkable presentism. The controversies surrounding AIDS create a privileged framework for the expression and recognition of ... More


Francis Butler Simkins: A Life

James S. Humphreys

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032658
eISBN:
9780813039411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032658.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Few men make their mark in their profession as indelibly as historian Francis Butler Simkins (1897–1966). Known as an eccentric, Simkins is almost as famous for falling asleep while performing his ... More


Catholic Segregationist Thought in the South

Mark Newman

in Desegregating Dixie: The Catholic Church in the South and Desegregation, 1945-1992

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781496818867
eISBN:
9781496818904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496818867.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Only a minority of southern white Catholics declared God’s approval for segregation and cited biblical verses in supposed justification, but many Catholic segregationists criticized the Church for ... More


Waste of a White Skin

Tiffany Willoughby-Herard

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520280861
eISBN:
9780520959972
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280861.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This is an intellectual, political, and institutional history of scientific racist thought focused on the Carnegie Corporation’s antipoverty philanthropy with “poor whites” in South Africa ... More


Shocking the Conscience: A Reporter's Account of the Civil Rights Movement

Simeon Booker and Carol McCabe Booker

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617037894
eISBN:
9781617037900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617037894.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

Within a few years of its first issue in 1951, Jet, a pocket-size magazine, became the “bible” for news of the civil rights movement. It was said, only half-jokingly, “If it wasn’t in Jet, it didn’t ... More


Dixie and the Absence of a Black Athletic Revolt

Simon Henderson

in Sidelined: How American Sports Challenged the Black Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813141541
eISBN:
9780813142586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813141541.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores the reasons why a Black Athletic Revolt did not emerge in the South. Sport was used by segregationists to uphold the color line well into the late 1960s. Black athletes had to ... More


Conclusion

Simon Wendt

in The Spirit and the Shotgun: Armed Resistance and the Struggle for Civil Rights

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813030180
eISBN:
9780813051543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813030180.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This concluding chapter describes how armed self-defense could be detrimental to the Black Power movement. Clashes between black armed groups and the Ku Klux Klan underscore that armed resistance to ... More


“Complicated Hospitality”: The Impact of the Sit-Ins on the Ideology of Southern Segregationists

George Lewis

in From Sit-Ins to SNCC: The Student Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041513
eISBN:
9780813043883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041513.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter by George Lewis analyses a vital but hitherto neglected aspect of the sit-in movement–its impact on white segregationists. It shows how the student protests posed an array of fundamental ... More


Breaching the Wall of Resistance: White Southern Reactions to the Sit-Ins

Clive Webb

in From Sit-Ins to SNCC: The Student Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041513
eISBN:
9780813043883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041513.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter by Clive Webb continues the exploration of the impact that the student sit-ins had on segregationists. It acknowledges the importance of the protests in demonstrating to white defenders ... More


The Opponents

Christopher W. Schmidt

in The Sit-Ins: Protest and Legal Change in the Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226522302
eISBN:
9780226522586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226522586.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines those who opposed the sit-in movement. Following recent trends in the historiography of modern American conservatism, one of the chapter’s goals is to demonstrate the diversity ... More


Preface to Tertullian

Carlin A. Barton and Daniel Boyarin

in Imagine No Religion: How Modern Abstractions Hide Ancient Realities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780823271191
eISBN:
9780823271245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823271191.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This serves as an introduction to Tertullian and attempts to place his various uses of the word religio in the totality of his thought.


Conclusion: Race Makes Nation

Tiffany Willoughby-Herard

in Waste of a White Skin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520280861
eISBN:
9780520959972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280861.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

The book closes with a succinct rendering of the relationship between race and nation by turning our attention to the global racial order and the significance of civilizing missions in propping up ... More


Defending White Democracy: The Making of a Segregationist Movement and the Remaking of Racial Politics, 1936-1965

Jason Morgan Ward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807835135
eISBN:
9781469602547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869222_ward
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

After the Supreme Court ruled school segregation unconstitutional in 1954, southern white backlash seemed to explode overnight. Journalists profiled the rise of a segregationist movement committed to ... More


After Brown, Part Two: Open Confrontation

Anne Stefani

in Unlikely Dissenters: White Southern Women in the Fight for Racial Justice, 1920-1970

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060767
eISBN:
9780813051260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060767.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The focus turns here toward the radical wing of the older generation. Standing up against segregationists in a confrontational way, antagonizing moderates and white supremacists alike, urging their ... More


“A Strange and Serious Christian Heresy”: Massive Resistance and the Religious Defense of Segregation

Carolyn Renée Dupont

in Mississippi Praying: Southern White Evangelicals and the Civil Rights Movement, 1945-1975

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814708415
eISBN:
9780814723876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814708415.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter demonstrates how the biblical case for racial segregation enjoyed a renaissance after the Brown decision because religion itself seemed a threat to southern apartheid. Religious assaults ... More


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