Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 31 items

  • Keywords: seed dispersal x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Animals as seed dispersers

H. Martin Schaefer and Graeme D. Ruxton

in Plant-Animal Communication

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199563609
eISBN:
9780191810060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199563609.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the ecological characteristics of animals as an excellent dispersal agent of plant seeds. Plants are fundamentally sessile with their only chance of dispersal being as seeds. ... More


Seed Dispersal by Fruit-Eating Birds

Daniel G. Wenny, Çağan H. Şekercioğlu, Norbert J. Cordeiro, Haldre S. Rogers, and Dave Kelly

in Why Birds Matter: Avian Ecological Function and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226382463
eISBN:
9780226382777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226382777.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Seed dispersal by frugivorous birds is a globally important ecosystem service. Nearly 4000 bird species have been observed eating fruit and collectively these species likely disperse seeds of at ... More


Dispersal of Plants by Waterbirds

Andy J. Green, Merel Soons, Anne-Laure Brochet, and Erik Kleyheeg

in Why Birds Matter: Avian Ecological Function and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226382463
eISBN:
9780226382777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226382777.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Ducks, shorebirds, rails, gulls and other waterbirds act as vectors of seeds, spores and other plant diaspores carried internally in their guts, externally on their feathers, feet or bills, or used ... More


The ecology of plants: from seed to seed

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198817017
eISBN:
9780191858703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817017.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with the ecology of Tropical East Asia from a plant perspective. The life cycle of forest trees is covered in detail, including their vegetative and reproductive phenology, ... More


Plant-animal interactions in deserts

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Desert animals and plants interact in ways that have strongly influenced their respective evolutionary trajectories. This chapter begins with herbivory because of its widespread impacts, many of ... More


Ecosystem functions and services

Cagan H. Sekercioglu

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Cagan H. Sekercioglu recapitulates natural ecosystem functions and services. Ecosystem services are the set of ecosystem functions that are useful to humans. These services make the ... More


Mutualism from Antagonism: Ants as Primary Seed-Dispersers

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

in The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Interspecific interactions are based on an entirely selfish cost–benefit system, which depends on the relative gain as compared to loss in fitness produced by the interaction. Antagonistic and ... More


How random is dispersal? From stochasticity to process in the description of seed movement

Frank M. Schurr

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter shows that dispersal models only describe some processes deterministically and summarize the effects of the remaining processes in stochastic terms. It discusses the variation in ... More


The ecology of plants: from seed to seed

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199681341
eISBN:
9780191789175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681341.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter deals with the ecology of Tropical East Asia from a plant perspective. The life cycle of forest trees is covered in detail, including pollination, seed dispersal, seed predation, and the ... More


Animal Diversity and Plant-Animal Interactions in Regenerating Forests

Robin L. Chazdon

in Second Growth: The Promise of Tropical Forest Regeneration in an Age of Deforestation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117911
eISBN:
9780226118109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226118109.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on changes in animal diversity and composition during forest regeneration and how these changes are linked to interactions between plants and animals. Recovery of animal ... More


Dispersal Syndromes, Incidence, and Dynamics

Martin L. Cody

in Plants on Islands: Diversity and Dynamics on a Continental Archipelago

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247291
eISBN:
9780520932722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247291.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter assesses forms of dispersal and describes some indications of potential dispersal limitation on island incidence in Barkley Sound. Ferns appear to be the classic plant taxon in which ... More


Phylogeny and Biogeography of These Mutualisms

Theodore H. Fleming and W. John Kress

in The Ornaments of Life: Coevolution and Conservation in the Tropics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226253404
eISBN:
9780226023328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226023328.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the evolutionary histories and geographic distributions of tropical plants and their vertebrate mutualists. It addresses the following questions: how widespread are vertebrate ... More


Historical contingency and the development of planetary ecosystems

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The ecology of a planet is influenced by historical processes. At any stage in its development, the current conditions of life on a planet form the starting point from which new conditions develop. ... More


Reproduction and Population Genetics

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Dipterocarp Biology, Ecology, and Conservation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199639656
eISBN:
9780191827167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639656.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

All who work on dipterocarps will be aware of the almost unique supra-annual reproduction of dipterocarps in the aseasonal tropics, associated with El Niño climatic events. This ‘masting’ ... More


Plant–Animal Interactions in Deserts

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Plant–animal interactions are as important in deserts as they are in any other ecosystem. Although it is likely that abiotic factors have greater influence in deserts than in other ecosystems, biotic ... More


Mutualism from Opportunism: Ants as Secondary Seed-Dispersers

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

in The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Studies on seed dispersal of tropical species have traditionally focused on fruit consumption and seed deposition patterns created by primary seed dispersers. More recently, however, the relevance of ... More


Biotic interactions

Bruce Anderson, Nicky Allsopp, Allan G. Ellis, Steven D. Johnson, Jeremy J. Midgley, Anton Pauw, and James G. Rodger

in Fynbos: Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation of a Megadiverse Region

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199679584
eISBN:
9780191791949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679584.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The anomalously high plant diversity in the Cape has never been satisfactorily explained. However diversification in the Cape is often hypothesized to be linked to specialization on different biotic ... More


Antagonistic Interactions: Leaf-Cutting and Seed-Harvesting Ants

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

in The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In antagonistic interactions, the fitness of individuals of one of the interacting species increases, while that of individuals of other interacting species decreases as a result of the interaction. ... More


Plant Communication and Reproduction

Richard Karban

in Plant Sensing and Communication

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226264677
eISBN:
9780226264844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226264844.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Plants are incapable of fertilization and seed dispersal without external agents and they provide these agents with rewards, including informative cues. Animals visit flowers to collect nectar and ... More


Seed dispersal

M. Anwar Maun

in The Biology of Coastal Sand Dunes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570356
eISBN:
9780191916731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570356.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Dispersal is a term used for the dissemination of detached reproductive structures from parent plants to a new site. Disseminules include spores, seeds, fruits, whole ... More


View: