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Animal architects as ecosystem engineers Animal architects as ecosystem engineers

Mike Hansell

in Animal Architecture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507529
eISBN:
9780191709838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507529.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter deals with the subject of builders at the community level. It assesses whether animal builders are important ecosystem engineers, and whether they support the concept of keystone ... More


High-latitude paleolimnology

Dominic A. Hodgson and John P. Smol

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the role that paleolimnological studies have played in reconstructing the geomorphological origin and development of high latitude lakes. A description is provided on how both ... More


Respiration in the mesopelagic and bathypelagic zones of the oceans

Javier Arístegui, Susana Agustí, Jack J. Middelburg, and Carlos M. Duarte

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter reviews the mechanisms of transport and remineralization of organic matter in the dark water-columns and sediments of the oceans. Different approaches to estimating respiration rates are ... More


Respiration in coastal benthic communities

Jack J. Middelburg, Carlos M. Duarte, and Jean-Pierre Gattuso

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter reviews coastal benthic communities with the aim of deriving a global estimate for respiration in these ecosystems. Reefs, mangroves, salt marshes, macroalgae, sea grasses, and ... More


Respiration in lakes

Michael L. Pace and Yves T. Prairie

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter reviews estimates and models of planktonic and benthic respiration in lakes, as derived from bottle and core incubations. Using data, empirical models of planktonic and benthic ... More


The Abiotic Environment

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Coral reefs are largely restricted to shallow tropical seas, where water is warm, nutrient poor, well illuminated for photosynthesis, and where sufficient calcium carbonate (aragonite) exists in ... More


Water in Kentucky: Natural History, Communities, and Conservation

Brian D. Lee, Daniel I. Carey, and Alice L. Jones (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168685
eISBN:
9780813169941
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168685.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Kentucky is regarded as one of the most ecologically diverse states in the nation, home to sprawling Appalachian forests, rolling green meadows, and the longest cave system in the world. None of ... More


The estuarine environment

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the physical and chemical features which mould the estuarine environment. An estuary is a partially enclosed body of water formed where freshwater from rivers and streams flows ... More


How Is the Harbor Doing?

John Waldman

in Heartbeats in the Muck: The History, Sea Life, and Environment of New York Harbor, Revised Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823249855
eISBN:
9780823252589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823249855.003.0006
Subject:
History, Environmental History

The state of the environment of New York Harbor is very different from its pre-Colonial condition but it has recovered to a reasonable level of ecological functionality. Its legacy of polluted ... More


Mercury in the Marine Environment

Frank J. Black, Christopher H. Conaway, and A. Russell Flegal

in Mercury in the Environment: Pattern and Process

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271630
eISBN:
9780520951396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271630.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The study of mercury in marine ecosystems is necessary to understand and minimize the chronic, sublethal toxicity due to exposure to organomercury in the marine environment and resources. The ... More


Wetland Ecosystem Processes

Robert G. Wetzel

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By definition, the water table of wetlands is near, at, or above the hydrosoil (sediment) surface. These changing hydrologic conditions are primary drivers of nutrient fluxes in the sediments and all ... More


The Environmental Record of Human Populations and Migrations in the Copan Valley, Honduras

Cameron L. McNeil

in The Ch′orti′ Maya Area: Past and Present

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033310
eISBN:
9780813039527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033310.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the environmental record of human population and migration in the Copan Valley, Honduras, which is the most prominent archaeological site in the region defined in this book as ... More


Abyssal Memories: A Thousand Holes in the Bottom of the Sea

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses geologic mapping and deep-sea drilling expeditions. It explains trends in climate and evolution based on samples from deep-sea drilling. Drilling sediments and shallow basement ... More


Protecting Water Resources with Streamside Management Zones at Robinson Forest

Christopher D. Barton, Emma L. Witt, and Jeffrey W. Stringer

in Water in Kentucky: Natural History, Communities, and Conservation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168685
eISBN:
9780813169941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168685.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Streamside management zones (SMZ) are a common best management practice used to minimize impacts to water quality from forest harvesting. Information on the effectiveness of SMZ use in Kentucky is ... More


Rocks and Bones

Jill S. Schneiderman

in For the Rock Record: Geologists on Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257580
eISBN:
9780520943711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257580.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Earth's fossil record registers the changes in life on this planet over time. Similarly, the Earth's rock record preserves complex structures that record the changes in rocks and minerals over ... More


Prehistory to Present

David R. Foster

in Hemlock: A Forest Giant on the Edge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300179385
eISBN:
9780300186772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179385.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

For more than a century, scientists have analyzed bog and pond sediments to reconstruct past environmental changes and ecosystems. This chapter discusses the process of coring lake muds and using the ... More


Incorporating extinction risk and realistic biodiversity futures: implementation of trait-based extinction scenarios

Martin Solan, Finlay Scott, Nicholas K. Dulvy, Jasmin A. Godbold, and Ruth Parker

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Many species are going extinct, mainly due to anthropogenic activities and climate forcing. The ecological significance of extinction has been linked to the sequential order of species loss and ... More


Regional Manifestations of Late Quaternary Climate Change and Archaeological Site Burial Along the South Atlantic Coastal Plain

Christopher R. Moore, Mark J. Brooks, I. Randolph Daniel Jr., Andrew H. Ivester, James K. Feathers, and Terry E. Barbour

in Early Human Life on the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781683400349
eISBN:
9781683401001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400349.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Archaeological site investigations on the South Atlantic Coastal Plain have revealed stratified cultural remains in sand deposits of mixed aeolian and fluvial origins, aeolian sand sheets and dunes, ... More


Human Usage of Giant Kelp and Kelp Forest Organisms

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the anthropogenic effects on water quality and benthic habitats that negatively affect giant kelp growth and reproduction. These include activities that increase sedimentation, ... More


The Neogene Siwaliks of the Potwar Plateau, Pakistan

John C. Barry, Anna K. Behrensmeyer, Catherine E. Badgley, Lawrence J. Flynn, Hannele Peltonen, I. U. Cheema, David Pilbeam, Everett H. Lindsay, S. Mahmood Raza, Abdul Rahim Rajpar, and Michèle E. Morgan

in Fossil Mammals of Asia: Neogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150125
eISBN:
9780231520829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter characterizes the Neogene Siwaliks of the Potwar Plateau in northern Pakistan. The Siwalik formations of the Indian Subcontinent comprise fluvial sediments of Miocene through Pleistocene ... More


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