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Violence and the contestation of the state after civil wars1

Jasmine-Kim Westendorf

in Violence and the State

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097027
eISBN:
9781526103987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097027.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The proliferation of civil wars since the end of the Cold War and the rise of peace settlements as a way of ending them has given rise to a new phenomenon in nascent post-war states, namely pervasive ... More


Rule of Law, Security, and Transitional Justice in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Societies

Anja Mihr and Chandra Sriram Lekha

in Just Security in an Undergoverned World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198805373
eISBN:
9780191843440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805373.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

States are expected to provide both security and justice for their citizens; one needs the other in order to work well. Yet when both are damaged or destroyed by war, state actors and outsiders alike ... More


Women and security

Brenda Fitzpatrick

in Tactical Rape in War and Conflict: International Recognition and Response

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447326694
eISBN:
9781447326724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326694.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter considers the transition from conflict to peace and the implications for survivors and victims of tactical rape. It analyses needs arising from threats to human and state security. When ... More


Institutional Reform

Ibrahim Fraihat

in Unfinished Revolutions: Yemen, Libya, and Tunisia after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300215632
eISBN:
9780300220957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215632.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Drawing on the relevant literature, this chapter argues that Libya, Tunisia, and Yemen will have to undertake comprehensive institutional reforms for their transitions to succeed, especially in the ... More


Security Sector Reform and Transitional Justice after the Arab-Majority Uprisings: The Case of Egypt

Omar Ashour and Sherif Mohyeldeen

in Transitional Justice in the Middle East and North Africa

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190628567
eISBN:
9780190686567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190628567.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

In Chapter 12, Omar Ashour and Sherif Mohyelden examine the linked demands for transitional justice and security sector reform during and after the uprisings in Egypt. They trace the targeting of ... More


On the Ground: Local Legacies of Gender Reforms in the UN Mission in Liberia

Sabrina Karim, Kyle Beardsley, Robert Blair, and Michael Gilligan

in Equal Opportunity Peacekeeping: Women, Peace, and Security in Post-Conflict States

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190602420
eISBN:
9780190602444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190602420.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers whether the UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) has contributed to a culture of power imbalance or equal opportunity in local contexts. It starts out by highlighting the ... More


Security Sector Reform

Paul D. Williams

in Fighting for Peace in Somalia: A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198724544
eISBN:
9780191792182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724544.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses how AMISOM tried to cooperate and coordinate with the existing Somali security forces in order to fight an effective war against al-Shabaab and simultaneously help build a new ... More


Thinking about security

Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

in African security in the twenty-first century: Challenges and opportunities

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526122735
eISBN:
9781526136190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This foundational chapter explores the evolution and meaning of “security” in the African context. It explores how the meaning has changed from the colonial period through the immediate ... More


Conclusion

Lawrence P. Markowitz

in State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451874
eISBN:
9780801469466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451874.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This concluding chapter discusses how understanding the distinct patterns of state failure in weak states with immobile capital can inform our study of regime change, ethnic violence, and security ... More


Winning Hearts and Minds

David French

in The British Way in Counter-Insurgency, 1945-1967

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199587964
eISBN:
9780191731365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587964.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

Coercion was the mainstay of British counter-insurgency operations, and it was never welcomed by the people who experienced them. Conciliation, whether it took the form of a deliberate policy of ... More


Establishment of the Specialized Units in Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire

Peace A. Medie

in Global Norms and Local Action: The Campaigns to End Violence against Women in Africa

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190922962
eISBN:
9780190922993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190922962.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapter 7 studies the implementation of the international women’s justice norm at the national level. It shows how pressure from the United Nations shaped the creation of the specialized units in ... More


A Compendium of Key Words and Concepts in Aid and Development

Myles A. Wickstead

in Aid and Development: A Brief Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198744924
eISBN:
9780191806025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744924.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

An A to Z Compendium of eighteen key words and development concepts mentioned in Part One. The key terms provide further background on some of the key international organisations and institutions ... More


The United Nations’ Role in the First Year of the Transition

Ian Martin

in The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190210960
eISBN:
9780190492151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210960.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter describes the UN’s role in post-conflict Libya, from planning to the launching and first year of UNSMIL. It addresses three main areas of UN engagement: the General National Congress ... More


EOKA Versus the Security Forces: March 1956–March 1957

David French

in Fighting EOKA: The British Counter–Insurgency Campaign on Cyprus, 1955-1959

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198729341
eISBN:
9780191796234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729341.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores EOKA’s campaign during the second phase of Operation ‘Forward to Victory’, and Harding’s response to it. It shows how he expanded the police and intelligence organization and ... More


The Politics of Police Reform: Society against the State in Post-Soviet Countries

Erica Marat

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190861490
eISBN:
9780190861520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861490.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Russian Politics

What does it take to reform a post-Soviet police force? Across the region, the countries inherited remarkably similar police forces with identical structures, chains of command, and politicized ... More


Sequencing Next Generation Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration in Peace Processes

Robert Muggah and Chris O’donnell

in Building Sustainable Peace: Timing and Sequencing of Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198757276
eISBN:
9780191817212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757276.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This chapter highlights the changes in the scope and scale of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants over the past thirty years and explores the likely trajectories ... More


The Response to Violence against Women in Côte d’Ivoire

Peace A. Medie

in Global Norms and Local Action: The Campaigns to End Violence against Women in Africa

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190922962
eISBN:
9780190922993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190922962.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter covers the state’s, the women’s movement’s, and international actors’ responses to rape and domestic violence before, during, and after the Ivoirian conflict. It explains that unlike ... More


Global Norms and Local Action: The Campaigns to End Violence against Women in Africa

Peace A. Medie

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190922962
eISBN:
9780190922993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190922962.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

When and why do states implement international women’s rights norms? Global Norms and Local Action is an examination of states’ responses to violence against women (VAW) in Africa and their ... More


The Response to Violence against Women in Liberia

Peace A. Medie

in Global Norms and Local Action: The Campaigns to End Violence against Women in Africa

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190922962
eISBN:
9780190922993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190922962.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapter 4 covers how the government and women’s organizations in Liberia responded to violence against women. It explains that prior to the conflict, violence against women was largely absent from ... More


Street-Level Implementation in Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire

Peace A. Medie

in Global Norms and Local Action: The Campaigns to End Violence against Women in Africa

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190922962
eISBN:
9780190922993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190922962.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter draws on interviews with police officers in Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire and gendarmes in Côte d’Ivoire to show how international and domestic factors changed how the rape and domestic ... More


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