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Discourse on Civility and Barbarity

Timothy Fitzgerald

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195300093
eISBN:
9780199868636
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300093.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This book analyzes the development of different meanings of the term “religion” in different contexts and in relation to other categories with shifting and unstable nuances such as the state, ... More


The Islamist Challenge in Malaysia and Pakistan

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

in The Islamic Leviathan: Islam and the making of State Power.

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144260
eISBN:
9780199833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144260.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The 1970s was a period of Islamic resurgence in Malaysia and Pakistan. In Malaysia, ABIM and dakwah movements, and in Pakistan, the Jama`at‐i Islami spearheaded Islamist challenge to the secular ... More


The Secular State and Religious Conflict *

S.N. Balagangadhara

in Reconceptualizing India Studies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082965
eISBN:
9780199081936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082965.003.0009
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter develops an alternative perspective on the issue of secularism in India. Contemporary India confronts acute problems of religious pluralism, which pose fundamental challenges to the ... More


The genesis of secular modality

Brian Leftow

in God and Necessity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199263356
eISBN:
9780191741777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263356.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out the genesis of secular modal status as a sequence, though in this context being earlier only means being presupposed by what follows. The steps are: God thinks up secular states ... More


Building the Porfirian state: administrative centralization, Indian communities and the ‘reinvention of tradition’

Sarah Washbrook

in Producing Modernity in Mexico: Labour, Race, and the State in Chiapas, 1876-1914

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264973
eISBN:
9780191754128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264973.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter aims to improve our understanding of political modernization and state formation in Porfirian Chiapas ‘from below’, explaining specifically how the regime consolidated power within the ... More


Constricting Cosmopolitanism: Secular States in Muslim Southeast Asia

Khairudin Aljunied

in Muslim Cosmopolitanism: Southeast Asian Islam in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474408882
eISBN:
9781474430432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408882.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter looks back at the history of Southeast Asian Muslim states prior to the advent of secular modernity. It proposes that the Muslim polities that existed in Southeast Asia before the ... More


From the Catholic Enlightenment to Reform Catholicism, 1540–1759

Dale K. Van Kley

in Reform Catholicism and the International Suppression of the Jesuits in Enlightenment Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300228465
eISBN:
9780300235616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300228465.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter presents anti-Jesuitism as the negative face of Reform Catholicism while making a case for the utility of this concept in revisionist opposition to the current one of “Catholic ... More


Religion in the Making of the Israeli and Turkish Nation-States: Incomplete Debates and Continuing Institutional Reformations

in Beyond Sacred and Secular: Politics of Religion in Israel and Turkey

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758642
eISBN:
9780804763158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758642.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter details the ideas, agreements, and shifts that have marked the broader settings of religious politics in Israel and Turkey, and analyzes how elites of religious parties reproduced ... More


Religion, Politics, and Governance in India, Pakistan, Nigeria, and Tanzania: A Comparative Framework

Gurharpal Singh

in Interrogating India's Modernity: Democracy, Identity, and Citizenship

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198092070
eISBN:
9780199082704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092070.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This essay provides a comparative historical understanding of the changing state–religion relationship in four countries of the South: India, Pakistan, Nigeria, and Tanzania. It attempts to assess ... More


The Secular Argument

Arvind Sharma

in Are Human Rights Western?: A Contribution to the Dialogue of Civilizations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679489
eISBN:
9780199081714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679489.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the secular argument for the claim that human rights are Western. This argument can be broken down into three distinct strands: (i) human rights are Western because they are ... More


Ultimate societal values

Brian Sudlow

in Catholic Literature and Secularisation in France and England, 1880-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719083112
eISBN:
9781781703137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083112.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

All corporate entities are actualised by a set of values, which unify their activities and lend them a sense of identity. French and English Catholic writers make a variety of attempts to associate ... More


Sanctuary and Social Negotiation in Medieval England

Gervase Rosser

in The Cloister and the World: Essays in Medieval History in Honour of Barbara Harvey

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204404
eISBN:
9780191676246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204404.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter is concerned with sanctuaries and social negotiation in England during the Middle Ages. The prevailing view among historian is that the establishments of medieval sanctuaries were ... More


Of Shaykhs and Kings: The Making of Sudanese Islam

Noah Salomon

in For Love of the Prophet: An Ethnography of Sudan's Islamic State

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691165158
eISBN:
9781400884292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165158.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter takes a brief look at the history of the state in Sudan, and in particular its myriad interactions with the diverse and plural religious landscapes into which it has intervened, and out ... More


Limits of Liberal Secularism

Jakob De Roover

in Europe, India, and the Limits of Secularism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199460977
eISBN:
9780199086313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460977.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter reveals a fundamental conceptual problem at the heart of liberal secularism: the puzzle of the two spheres. This model depends on a distinction between the public political sphere, where ... More


Catholic religiosity and the charismatic Church

Brian Sudlow

in Catholic Literature and Secularisation in France and England, 1880-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719083112
eISBN:
9781781703137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083112.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Cavanaugh's analysis of the secular State indicates the role individualism played in the genesis of contractual political theories. The gathering into the Church envisaged by many French and English ... More


Pathway to Pakistan

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947: A Short History

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195627985
eISBN:
9780199080670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195627985.003.0012
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter describes the Hindu-Muslim problem; the ‘divide and rule’ strategy of the British; the secular state and the roots of intolerance; the growth of the Pakistan idea; the Pakistan ... More


The Sikh Religious Tradition: Meanings of Secularism

T. N. Madan

in Modern Myths, Locked Minds: Secularism and Fundamentalism in India

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065104
eISBN:
9780199080182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065104.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

As a modern theory, the thesis of secularization bears the imprint of the dialectic of religion and reason or, more precisely, Protestantism and the Enlightenment. In its utopian form, it was put ... More


Europe, India, and the Limits of Secularism

Jakob De Roover

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199460977
eISBN:
9780199086313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460977.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

For several decades now, commentators have sounded the alarm about ‘the crisis of secularism’. They suggest that saving the secular state from political religion is a question of survival for ... More


Beyond ‘social glue’? ‘Faith’ and community cohesion

Robert Furbey

in Community cohesion in crisis?: New dimensions of diversity and difference

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420244
eISBN:
9781447301912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420244.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter talks about the impact of faith and faith organisations on social cohesion. It acknowledges the potential divisiveness within certain religious interpretations and practices, and ... More


Islam, Democracy, and Turkey’s Secular State

John L. Esposito, Tamara Sonn, and John O. Voll

in Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780195147988
eISBN:
9780190263799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147988.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the development of Turkey’s secular state and the re-emergence of Islam in Turkish politics. For years, Turkey provided the only modern secular (though not completely ... More


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