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John Henry Gordon

Timothy Larsen

in Crisis of Doubt: Honest Faith in Nineteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199287871
eISBN:
9780191713422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287871.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

John Henry Gordon wrote for G. J. Holyoake’s Reasoner. Gordon became the first full-time Secularist lecturer in Britain when he was appointed by the Leeds Secular Society. After a dramatic ... More


John Bagnall Bebbington

Timothy Larsen

in Crisis of Doubt: Honest Faith in Nineteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199287871
eISBN:
9780191713422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287871.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

John Bagnall Bebbington, in addition to writing and lecturing in favour of Secularism, was also a patron of freethinking endeavours. He was the chairman of the Temple Secular Society and the editor ... More


Stifling the Sociological Imagination

Richard K. Fenn

in Beyond Idols: The Shape of a Secular Society

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143690
eISBN:
9780199834174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143698.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

A secular society makes up its rules and values as it goes along in a process of negotiation among a wide range of parties. A secular society allows free play for the Sacred and thus releases a wide ... More


Islamist Conceptions of Civil Society

Sara Roy

in Hamas and Civil Society in Gaza: Engaging the Islamist Social Sector

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159676
eISBN:
9781400848942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159676.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter presents a conceptual framework for ideas about Islamic civil society and explores the meaning of civil society to Islamists themselves. An Islamic civil society does not differ in ... More


Sex and Secularization

Harvey Cox

in The Secular City: Secularization and Urbanization in Theological Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158853
eISBN:
9781400848850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158853.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter shows how the humanization of sex is impeded. First, it is thwarted by the parading of cultural-identity images for the sexually dispossessed, to make money. These images become the ... More


The Survivor and the Savant: Two Schemes for Civil Religion Compared

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter compares and contrasts the schemes for a civil religion advanced by Auguste Comte and James Mill, which contrasts the former's illiberal and priestly views with the latter's liberal and ... More


Muslims of Europe The ‘Other’ Europeans

H. A. Hellyer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748639472
eISBN:
9780748671342
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639472.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The interchange between Muslims and Europe has a long and complicated history, dating back to before the idea of ‘Europe’ was born, and the earliest years of Islam. There has been a Muslim presence ... More


Jürgen Habermas and the Post-Secular Appropriation of Religion: A Sociological Critique

Michele Dillon

in The Post-Secular in Question: Religion in Contemporary Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738726
eISBN:
9780814738733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738726.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter explores the intellectual significance of Jürgen Habermas's gesture toward religion and offers a sociological critique of his view of religion as well as its implications for ... More


Atheists: Charles Bradlaugh, Annie Besant, and ‘this indictable book’

Timothy Larsen

in A People of One Book: The Bible and the Victorians

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199570096
eISBN:
9780191725661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570096.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Biblical Studies

Charles Bradlaugh was the most important leader of organized atheism in nineteenth-century Britain, and for some years Annie Besant was the most popular speaker in the movement after him. Bradlaugh ... More


The fragments of secular society

Brian Sudlow

in Catholic Literature and Secularisation in France and England, 1880-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719083112
eISBN:
9781781703137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083112.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the ways in which French and English Catholic writers perceive and portray secular society's potential for individualistic fission. This is viewed as a result of the ... More


Recent History of Organized Rationalism in Maharashtra

Johannes Quack

in Disenchanting India: Organized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812608
eISBN:
9780199919406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812608.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Against the background of the larger history of rationalism in India, this chapter focuses specifically on organised rationalism in Maharashtra in the second half of the 20th century. Various groups ... More


The Enlightenment Project, Spinoza, and the Jews

David Novak

in Religion, the Enlightenment, and the New Global Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150071
eISBN:
9780231526623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150071.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines how the Jewish philosopher Baruch Spinoza was specifically concerned with the political emancipation of the Jews. It also looks into his contributions to the Enlightenment's ... More


Conclusion

Stewart J. Brown

in The National Churches of England, Ireland, and Scotland 1801-46

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242351
eISBN:
9780191697098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242351.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This concluding chapter recalls some of the important events involving the established Churches in Great Britain and Ireland. It reveals that many had looked up to the established national churches ... More


Western Muslims and the Future of Islam

Tariq Ramadan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195183566
eISBN:
9780199850426
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183566.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In a Western world suddenly acutely interested in Islam, one question has been repeatedly heard above the din: where are the Muslim reformers? As the number of Muslims living in the West grows, the ... More


Secularity and Society

Phil Zuckerman, Luke W. Galen, and Frank L. Pasquale

in The Nonreligious: Understanding Secular People and Societies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199924950
eISBN:
9780199393350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924950.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Many societies around the world contain populations that are more secular than ever before. While we acknowledge various methodological and conceptual challenges in discerning how to measure rates of ... More


Post-Secular Society: Consumerism and the Democratization of Religion

Bryan S. Turner

in The Post-Secular in Question: Religion in Contemporary Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738726
eISBN:
9780814738733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738726.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter offers a number of critical reflections on the analysis of religion in both contemporary sociology and social philosophy, with particular emphasis on how religious practice has been ... More


Conclusion

Phil Zuckerman, Luke W. Galen, and Frank L. Pasquale

in The Nonreligious: Understanding Secular People and Societies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199924950
eISBN:
9780199393350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924950.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The conclusion summarizes key findings discussed in earlier chapters: the number of secular people in the world has increased; highly secular societies tend to be societally healthy and successful; ... More


The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Ruth Barton

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This group biography of the X Club follows the nine members from their family and cultural roots, through their early friendships, to their intense lobbying campaigns in the 1860s, and on to their ... More


The radical secularization of moral space

Hans Boutellier

in A Criminology of Moral Order

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781529203752
eISBN:
9781529203943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529203752.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter attempts to develop an understanding of the moral conditions of secular society by tracing its history. The social impact of the secularization process only really became visible in the ... More


Concluding Thoughts

Michael J. Broyde

in Sharia Tribunals, Rabbinical Courts, and Christian Panels: Religious Arbitration in America and the West

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190640286
eISBN:
9780190640316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190640286.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter provides concluding thoughts on the subject, stressing that this book is supportive of the idea of religious arbitration, and secular society benefits in many ways from allowing ... More


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